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Edmund Husserl's Phenomenology

by Joseph Kockelmans

Publication Year: 1994

In Edmund Husserl's Phenomenology, Joseph J. Kockelmans provides the reader with a biographical sketch and an overview of the salient features of Husserl's thought. Kockelmans focuses on the essay for the Encyclopedia Britannica of 1928, Husserl's most Important effort to articulate the aims of phenomenology for a more general audience.

Published by: Purdue University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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CONTENTS

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pp. v-viii

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PREFACE

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pp. ix-xii

In this book I shall present a detailed account of what Husserl understood phenomenology to be, in what philosophical tradition it is to be understood, what phenomenology tries to accomplish, and what methods it uses in doing so. In harmony with the editors' goals for the volumes of this series in the history of philosophy, the book ...

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xiii-xiv

The German text of Husserl's essay on phenomenology written for the fourteenth edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica is taken from Edmund Husserl, Phänomenologische Psychologie, edited by Walter Biemel, Husserliana, vol. 9 (The Hague: Nijhoff, 1962), 277-30l. Copyright © 1962 by Kluwer Academic Publishers. Reprinted by ...

ABBREVIATIONS

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pp. xv-xvi

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 1-27

Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husser! was born in Prossnitz (Prostejov) in Mähren (Moravia) on 8 April 1859 as the second off our children.1 His father was Adolf Abraham Husserl, and his mother Julie Selinger, both of Jewish descent. Although Moravia later became part of Czechoslovakia, at the time of Husserl's birth it was still part ...

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CHAPTER ONE. Introduction to the Encyclopaedia Article

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pp. 28-46

The term "phenomenology" designates two things: a new kind of descriptive method which made a breakthrough in philosophy at the turn of the century, and an a priori science derived from it; a science which is intended to supply the basic instrument (Organon) for a rigorously scientific philosophy and, in its consequent application, to ...

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DIVISION ONE: Phenomenological Psychology

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pp. 47-

In this first division, Husserl explains why a pure or phenomenological psychology is possible and necessary in addition to empirical psychology. He describes its subject domain, its method, and its function. The subject matter of this new discipline consists in the experiences of the ego itself as well as in the experiences of communities ...

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CHAPTER TWO. Pure Science of Nature and Pure Psychology

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pp. 48-73

Modern psychology is the science dealing with the "psychical" in the concrete context of spatio-temporal realities, being in some way so to speak what occurs in nature as egoical, with all that inseparably belongs to it as psychic processes like experiencing, thinking, feeling, willing, as capacity, and as habitus. Experience presents the ...

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CHAPTER THREE. The Purely Psychical as Given in Experience: Intentionality

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pp. 74-109

To establish and unfold this guiding idea, the first thing that is necessary is a clarification of what is peculiar to experience, and especially to the pure experience of the psychical-and specifically the purely psychical that experience reveals, which is to become the theme of a pure psychology. It is natural and appropriate that ...

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CHAPTER FOUR. The Field of the Purely Psychical, the Phenomenological Reduction, and Genuine Inner Experience

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pp. 110-117

The idea of a phenomenological psychology encompasses the whole range of tasks arising out of the experience of self and the experience of the other founded on it. But it is not yet clear whether phenomenological experience, followed through in exclusiveness and consistency, really provides us with a kind of closed-off field of being, out of ...

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CHAPTER FIVE. The Eidetic Reduction: Phenomenological Psychology as an Eidetic Science

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pp. 128-143

To what extent does the unity of the field of phenomenological experience assure the possibility of a psychology exclusively based on it, thus a pure phenomenological psychology? It does not automatically assure an empirically pure science of facts from which everything psychophysical is abstracted. But this situation is quite different ...

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CHAPTER SIX. The Function of Phenomenological Psychology for Empirical Psychology

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pp. 144-172

A phenomenological pure psychology is absolutely necessary as the foundation for the building up of an "exact" empirical psychology, which since its modern beginnings has been sought according to the model of the exact pure sciences of physical nature. The fundamental meaning of "exactness" in this natural science lies in its being ...

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DIVISION TWO: From Phenomenological Psychology to Transcendental Phenomenology

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pp. 173-

In this part of his essay on phenomenology, HusserI explains why phenomenological psychology cannot be the basic philosophical discipline and thus why a more radical type of phenomenology, called transcendental phenomenology, is necessary. He begins his exposition with a brief note on the history of modern philosophy and ...

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CHAPTER SEVEN. The Transcendental Problem: . Its Origin and Its Quasi-Solution by Psychologism

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pp. 174-205

The idea of a purely phenomenological psychology does not have just the function described above, of reforming empirical psychology. For deeply rooted reasons, it can also serve as a preliminary step for laying open the essence of a transcendental phenomenology. Historically, this idea too did not grow out of the peculiar needs of ...

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CHAPTER EIGHT. The Transcendental Reduction

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pp. 206-227

Are we then supposed to be dual beings-psychologica{ly}, as human objectivities {things present} in the world, the subjects of psychic life, and at the same time transcendental{ly}, as the subjects of a transcendental, world-constituting life-process? This duality can be clarified through being demonstrated with self-evidence. The ...

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CHAPTER NINE. Pure Psychology as Propaedeutic to Transcendental Phenomenology

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pp. 228-244

Through the elucidation of the essentially dual meaning of the subjectivity of consciousness, and also a clarification of the eidetic science to be directed to it, we begin to understand on very deep grounds the historical insurmountability of psychologism. Its power lies in an essential transcendental semblance which [because] ...

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DIVISION THREE: Transcendental Phenomenology as First Philosophy

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pp. 245-

In the last division of his article, Husserl gives a brief description of transcendental phenomenology and then tries to show that transcendental phenomenology in principle realizes the idea of philosophy as a universal science with absolute foundations. First he shows that transcendental phenomenology is able to actualize Leibniz's ...

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CHAPTER TEN. Transcendental Phenomenology as Ontology: Its Function for the Eidetic and the Empirical Sciences

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pp. 246-299

Remarkable consequences arise when one weighs the significance of transcendental phenomenology. In its systematic development, it brings to realization the Leibnizian idea of a universal ontology as the systematic unity of all conceivable a priori sciences, but on a new foundation which overcomes "dogmatism" through the use of the ...

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CHAPTER ELEVEN. Phenomenology as the All-embracing Philosophy and the Science of the Ultimate and Highest Problems

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pp. 300-317

Precisely through this {process} is restored the most primordial concept of philosophy-as all-embracing science based on radical self-justification, which is alone [truly] science in the ancient Platonic and again in the Cartesian sense. Phenomenology rigorously and systematically carried out, phenomenology in the broadened sense ...

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CHAPTER TWELVE. The Phenomenological Resolution of All Philosophical Antitheses

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pp. 318-346

In the systematic work of phenomenology, which progresses from intuitively given [concrete] data to heights of abstraction, the old traditional ambiguous antitheses of the philosophical standpoint are resolved-by themselves and without the arts of an argumentative dialectic, and without weak efforts and compromises: oppositions ...

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EPILOGUE

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pp. 347-348

During his lifetime and especially after his death, Husserl's ideas have had an enormous influence on twentieth-century thought. Husserl may very well have been the most influential philosopher of the century. Toward the end of his life he was often discouraged. In addition to the almost unbearable political situation in which he had ,,,

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 349-356

Index

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pp. 357-363


E-ISBN-13: 9781612490434
E-ISBN-10: 1612490433
Print-ISBN-13: 9781557530509
Print-ISBN-10: 1557530505

Page Count: 384
Publication Year: 1994

Series Title: History of Philosophy
Series Editor Byline: Adriaan Peperzak