Kant and the Unity of Reason
History of Philosophy
Publication Year: 2004
Published by: Purdue University Press
Series: History of Philosophy
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In this book I shall present an analysis, commentary, and comprehensive interpretation of Kant’s Critique of Judgment. In accordance with the other volumes of this Purdue series, the central part of the book offers a detailed commentary on the published Introduction to the third Critique. The German text is reprinted
Note on the Text and Translation, Abbreviations
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Part I. Kant’s Way to the Critique of Judgment
Chapter 1. Kant’s Philosophical Biography
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This chapter presents a brief account of Kant’s life and a general overview of the development of his thought throughout the wide range of his writings and interests. The presentation follows Kant’s activity in a chronological and thematic order and discusses only the core ideas for each work. The purpose of this chapter ...
Chapter 2. The Critique of Pure Reason: Sensibility, Understanding, and Reason
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In the preface to the second edition of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant presents the radical innovation of his critical project through the famous image of the Copernican Revolution. The problem that he outlines from the very beginning of the 1781 preface—the problem in which his revolution is inscribed—concerns the
Chapter 3. The Critique of Practical Reason:Pure Reason—Speculative and Practical Reason
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The present chapter follows Kant’s idea of practical reason as developed in the second Critique. While my exposition will revolve around the crucial task that Kant puts at the center of this work—namely the thesis that pure reason is practical— the discussion will further pursue the approach presented in the previous ...
Chapter 4. Chapter 4. The Critique of Judgment: A Preliminary Investigation
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The previous two chapters have provided an indirect introduction to the problematic of the Critique of Judgment. They implicitly position Kant’s 1790 work within the development of his critical philosophy. The present chapter gives a preliminary introduction to the third Critique. It moves along historical lines in
Part II. The Introduction to the Critique of Judgment
Chapter 5. The Text
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This chapter will approach the text of the published introduction to the Critique of Judgment as a whole by discussing both the history of its composition and the general lines of its argument.1 The text is reprinted, newly translated, and commented on in the following three chapters. Given the theoretical and stylistic density of the ...
Chapter 6. Introduction §§I–III: The Idea of Philosophy and the Critique of Judgment
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To draw the partition of philosophy, insofar as it contains principles [Prinzipien] of the rational cognition of things through concepts (not simply, as logic does, principles of the form of thinking in general, without distinction of objects), as it is customary, into theoretical and practical philosophy, is ...
Chapter 7. Introduction §§IV–VI: Reflective Faculty of Judgment and Formal Purposiveness of Nature
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The faculty of judgment in general is the faculty of thinking the particular as contained under the universal. XXVI If the universal (the rule, principle, law) is given, then the faculty of judgment which subsumes the particular under it is determinant (even though, as transcendental faculty of judgment ...
Chapter 8. Introduction §§VII–IX: A Critique of the Faculty of Judgment—Aesthetic and Teleological
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What is merely subjective in the representation of an object [Objekt], i.e., what constitutes its relation to the subject and not to the object [Gegenstand], is its aesthetic quality. But what in it serves, or can be used to determine the object (for cognition) is its logical validity. In the cognition of an object of ...
Part III. The World of Experience: Beauty and Life
Chapter 9. The Analytic of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment (§§1–29): The Beautiful and the Sublime
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This chapter opens the last section of the book. Herein I analyze the unfolding of the Critique of Judgment along its different divisions. As a general methodological device, I adhere to the line of Kant’s argument. My aim is to present a synthesis of Kant’s arguments by focusing on the main questions addressed. The present ...
Chapter 10. The Deduction of Pure Aesthetic Judgments (§§30– 54): Sensus Communis and Genius, Nature, and Art
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In the first edition of the Critique of Judgment, the Deduction appears as a “third book” of the Analytic of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment—a title that Kant successively drops as a typographical error.1 In the Deduction, which occupies almost one half of the Critique of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment, Kant repeats ...
Chapter 11. The Dialectic of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment (§§55–60): The Analogic Logic of the Faculty of Judgment
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The second division of the Critique of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment is dedicated to the Dialectic of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment. With the solution of the antinomy of taste, Kant gains reference to the idea of the supersensible and discloses the mediating function of the faculty of judgment as the faculty placed ...
Chapter 12. The Analytic of the Teleological Faculty of Judgment (§61, §§62–68): The Internal Purposiveness of Natural Organisms
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The second part of the Critique of Judgment is a critical investigation into the teleological faculty of judgment. The division of the second part follows the scheme of an Analytic, a Dialectic, and a Methodology of the teleological faculty of judgment. If compared to the critique of the aesthetic faculty of judgment, this ...
Chapter 13. The Dialectic of the Teleological Faculty of Judgment (§§69–78): Mechanism and Teleology
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The Dialectic of the Critique of the Teleological Faculty of Judgment is the dialectic proper to reflective judgment in general (§69). Here, Kant argues for the compatibility of mechanistic and teleological explanations of nature within the perspective of our reflection on nature’s manifold empirical forms (§§70–71). As ...
Chapter 14. The Methodology of the Teleological Faculty of Judgment (§§79–91): Faculty of Judgment and Practical Reason
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Kant concluded the Critique of the Aesthetic Faculty of Judgment with a short appendix concerning the Methodenlehre of taste (§60). Herein a few pages were enough to argue that no methodology but, at the most, only a propaedeutic for all fine arts was feasible. For taste does not allow for universal rules, and a “science
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Page Count: 414
Publication Year: 2004
Series Title: History of Philosophy