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Gustav Shpet's Contribution to Philosophy and Cutlural Theory

Edited by Galin Tihanov

Publication Year: 2009

This book offers original research by leading scholars from the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, and Russia, which covers the central areas of Shpet's work on phenomenology, philosophy of language, cultural theory, and aesthetics and takes forward the current state of knowledge and debates on his contribution to these fields of enquiry.

Published by: Purdue University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgements

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pp. vii-

This book is the result of a collective effort; I wish to extend heartfelt thanks to all contributors for their unfailing support, good will, and responsiveness to my comments and suggestions. The authors of this volume have brought to it valuable knowledge and genuine passion for the work of Gustav Shpet, thus making the whole ...

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Gustav Shpet's Life and Works: Introduction to the Volume

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pp. 1-10

Gustav Gustavovich Shpet (1879-1937) has emerged as one of the most prominent Russian philosophers of the twentieth century. The principle promoter of Husserlian phenomenology, at the same time creatively modifying Husserl and at times departing from him, Shpet was also an early advocate of hermeneutics. ...

Part One. Mapping Out the Field

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pp. 11-

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Tropos Logikos: Gustav Shpet's Philosophy of History

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pp. 13-27

Recollecting the heady atmosphere at the Moscow University before WWI when belonging to a particular camp of contemporary German philosophy was de rigueur, Boris Pasternak wrote: "The devotees of the Göttingen Husserlites found support in Shpet" (35). This cryptic remark (Shpet's name is not mentioned again in Safe Conduct) ...

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The Hermeneutic Triangle: Gustav Shpet's Aesthetics in Context

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pp. 28-44

From 1921 to 1930, numerous Russian thinkers found refuge in a Moscow institution called the State Academy of the Artistic Sciences (GAKhN: Gosudarstvennaia akademiia khudozhestvennykh nauk). GAKhN was an island of relatively independent scholarship and open intellectual debate, and it served as a locus of ...

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Gustav Shpet's Influence on Psychology

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pp. 45-55

Gustav Gustavovich Shpet is re-emerging as a major figure in twentieth-century intellectual history. As the person who introduced Russia to phenomenology, he has had a powerful impact on a wide range of intellectual debates in Russia and beyond. This impact, however, was ignored or consciously downplayed in the USSR. ...

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Gustav Shpet's Literary and Theater Affiliations

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pp. 56-80

Gustav Shpet's theoretical work on literature and theater has not been systematically studied, nor has sufficient attention been paid to his overall presence on the Russian cultural scene from the 1910s to the 1930s. As a result, our knowledge and appreciation of the scope of his writings and the variety ...

Part Two. The Russian Context

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pp. 81-

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The Fate of Philosophy in Russia: Shpet's Studies in the History of Russian Thought

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pp. 83-97

Gustav Shpet's historical essays on philosophy in Russia occupy a special place in the study of that subject. Neither a Marxist nor a defender of the prominent religious tradition in Russian thought, Shpet saw little philosophical merit in the earlier figures most esteemed by those dominant groups. ...

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Gustav Shpet and Phenomenology in an Orthodox Key

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pp. 98-114

Gustav Shpet was one of a number of Husserl's disciples who took some of phenomenology's central principles and applied them to language theory and aesthetics. Much of the value of Shpet's contribution to philosophy derives from his introduction of phenomenology into his own country. But even though he knowingly ...

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Vladimir Solov'ev and the Legacy of Russian Religious Thought in the Works of Gustav Shpet

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pp. 115-122

The task of studying Vladimir Solov'ev's legacy as well as that of Russian religious thought in the works of Gustav Shpet should come as no surprise since the publication of Tatiana Shchedrina's book on the intellectual biography of Gustav Shpet in 2004. So far only a few papers have been devoted to this topic ...

Part Three. Phenomenology

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pp. 123-

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Shpet's Departure from Husserl

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pp. 125-139

Already in the early 1900s, we find references to Husserl in Russian philosophical literature. N.O. Losskii mentioned him in his 1906 work Obosnovanie intuitivizma, where in the context of a discussion of the structure of judgmental acts Losskii quoted from the former's Logical Investigations. ...

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Shpet as Translator of Hegel's Phänomenologie des Geistes

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pp. 140-156

Gustav Shpet published five books during the 1920s. The first three—Filosofskoe mirovozzrenie Gertsena (Herzen's Philosophical World-View; 1921), Ocherk razvitiia russkoi filosofii (An Outline of the Development of Russian Philosophy; 1922), and Esteticheskie fragmenty (Aesthetic Fragments; 1922-1923) ...

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The Objective Sense of History: Shpet's Synthesis of Hegel, Cieszkowski, Herzen, and Husserl

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pp. 157-168

Gustav Shpet is well known for his strong opinions. He relentlessly searches for objective truth—and truth is only acceptable to him if it represents life (Shpet, Istoriia kak problema 53). Mere formalistic thinking is highly suspicious to him (Eismann 219). For all his inclination towards rigorous scientific categorization ...

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Shpet's Aesthetic Fragments and Sartre's Literary Theory

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pp. 169-178

At the very latest by the time of his 1927 Humboldt interpretation, Vnutrenniaia, Shpet's phenomenological descriptions of eidetic structures take on a dialectical dimension derived from Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit. Every description that attempts to grasp the essence of the object lying before it proves to be ...

Part Four. Semiotics and Philosophy of Language

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pp. 179-

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Sign and/vs. Essence in Shpet

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pp. 181-191

What I mean to indicate by my somewhat cryptic title is a certain tension or distance, perhaps introduced by our retrospective gaze but possibly present in Shpet's thought itself, between two different kinds of philosophical projects that unfold within his works: between, on the one hand, Shpet's ...

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Problems of Sense, Significance, and Validity in the Work of Shpet and the Bakhtin Circle

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pp. 192-206

The works of Gustav Shpet and the Bakhtin Circle (most notably Mikhail Bakhtin and Valentin Voloshinov) represent two of the most important episodes in the Russian reception of the so-called linguistic turn in philosophy. Each recognized the paucity of systematized thought in Russian philosophy of the period ...

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Semiotics in Voloshinov and Shpet

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pp. 207-218

The conceptual foundations of Gustav Shpet's general semasiology and Valentin Voloshinov's principle of dialogic speech interaction have rarely been considered from a comparative perspective. This article purports to draw critical attention to the partly convergent, partly divergent trajectories ...

Part Five Translations

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pp. 219-

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Introduction to Excerpts from Shpet's "Germenevtika i ee problemy" ("Hermeneutics and Its Problems")

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pp. 221-222

"Hermeneutics and Its Problems"offers a concise critical history of hermeneutics—"the general theory of understanding and interpretation," from its Greek and Hellenistic origins, through the formulations, focused on Biblical interpretation, of medieval, Renaissance, and Reformation theorists, to the British, Scottish ...

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Excerpts from "Germenevtika i ee problemy" ("Hermeneutics and Its Problems")

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pp. 223-245

St. Augustine in his De doctrina christiana (397 A.D.) and De Magistro (389 A.D.) provides us with a kind of textbook of Biblical hermeneutics, organized like a textbook of rhetoric,1 and although, as befits a textbook, there are no analyses or justifications, but only what might be called results, ...

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Introduction to Shpet's "O granitsakh nauchnogo literaturovedeniia" ("On the Limits of Scientific Literary Scholarship")

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pp. 246-247

Gustav Shpet delivered this paper on 24 November and 1 December 1924 in Moscow, at the joint session of the Literary Section and the Department of Philosophy of the State Academy of Artistic Sciences (GAKhN). Here we publish a translation of the synopsis prepared by Shpet (Shpet 441-42). Readers should be aware of the ...

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O granitsakh nauchnogo literaturovedeniia (On the Limits of Scientific Literary Scholarship)

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pp. 248-250

1. The object of literary scholarship does not belong among the objects of the natural sciences; in defining the tasks of literary scholarship, analogies from the natural sciences are methodologically illicit [nezakonomerny]. ...

Part Six. Bibliographies

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pp. 251-

Bibliography of Gustav Shpet's Published Works (1901-2009)

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pp. 253-272

Literature on Gustav Shpet (1915-2009)

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pp. 273-312

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Contributors

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pp. 313-317

Robert Bird teaches in the Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures at the University of Chicago. His major interests include the literature and thought of Russian modernism, the cinema of Andrei Tarkovsky, and philosophical and theological aesthetics. Among his publications are two books, ...

Index

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pp. 318-322


E-ISBN-13: 9781612490342
E-ISBN-10: 1612490344
Print-ISBN-13: 9781557535252
Print-ISBN-10: 1557535256

Page Count: 330
Publication Year: 2009

Series Title: Comparative Cultural Studies
Series Editor Byline: Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek