New England Society from Bradford to Edwards
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University Press of New England
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Title Page, Copyright
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...nated from a series of notes I had developed for my doctoral study group atColumbia University. I had undertaken that task because there was nosingle volume that introduced nonspecialists to the breadth of colonialNew England studies—the theology and the demography, the periphery aswell as Massachusetts Bay. The confidence of Chilton Williamson, Jr., at St....
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Events in the World of the Puritans, from the English Reformation1534 Act of Supremacy recognizes the king of England as the supreme1549 Publication of first Edwardean Prayer Book brings the Church of1552 Second Edwardean Prayer Book reflects farther movement toward1553 Death of Edward VI; accession of Mary Tudor, who seeks to suppress...
1 | The Origins and Growth of the Puritan Movement
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John Hooper was brought to Glouchester, the seat of his diocese, where hewas burned at the stake. A confirmed religious reformer who had traveledto the centers of continental Protestantism during the reign of Henry VIII,Hooper had returned to England upon the accession of Edward VI so as towork for further reform of the English church. His opposition to the...
2 | Puritanism: Its Essence and Attraction
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Edward VI to the early 1620s, the critical voice of Puritanism had steadilydeveloped, largely in an escalating response to the intractability of theestablishment and to alterations in the official stance of the church. Theirdefense of what they saw as Elizabethan orthodoxy against Laud, Neile, andothers gained them growing support from Englishmen in the 1620s. By...
3 | Sources aof the Great Migration
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...developed late in the reign of James I became more pronounced during therule of Charles I (1625-1649). Unlike his father, the new king had neverevinced any enthusiasm for Calvinism. Recent studies of his faith haveargued that Charles seemed to have little comprehension of or sympathyfor the Calvinist sense of the Spirit working in the individual believer,...
4 | Massachusetts: The Erection of a City on a Hill
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...1630s hoped to do more than merely escape from persecution: they wishedto strike a blow for the true faith by erecting a model Christian community.In the years to come they were to face and overcome foreign threats anddomestic civil and religious dissent. And while the Plymouth Separatistshad already had some experience in conducting their own religious and...
5 | Variations on a Theme: Connecticut, New Haven, Rhode Island, and the Eastern Frontier
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Winthrop, Cotton, and others were putting their ideals of religious andpolitical perfection into practice, three other colonies were established inNew England and the settlement of the northern frontier was advanced.Two of the new colonies—Connecticut and New Haven—were true sistercolonies to the Bay and Plymouth. Their leaders were animated by the...
6 | Orthodoxy in New England: The Colony Level
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...monwealths had structured a society unique in the English-speaking world.They had hoped to create a model society, and their political and ecclesi-astical institutions would in fact be studied in the 1640s and 1650s byEnglish Puritans engaged in restructuring their own society. While thevarious forms of colonial civil and ecclesiastical government differed slight-...
7 | Orthodoxy in New England: The Community
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...moting Puritan values in the seventeenth century, and the reason why thosevalues remained influential after the end of the Puritan century, lies inthe local institutions that surrounded the colonists from birth to death. Inthe towns, churches, families, and schools of the region's communities areto be found not only the practical expressions of Puritan beliefs, but the...
8 | New England and Puritan England
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...not begin in the 1700s, but in New England in the 1640s. Colonial Puritanswatched with anticipation the unfolding of the English Civil Wars and casttheir support with the rebel Parliament and the emergent regime of Olivercrafting of communal life and of new forms of church structure and practicehad all been done in part to influence England. The American Puritans felt...
9 | The New England Way in an Age of Religious Ferment
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...stimulated the confidence and aggressiveness of the New Englanders. Theylent their energies to support of God's cause and developed a closer rela-tionship with the English government than would have been conceivable inthe 1630s. At the same time they were aware of the danger that the frag-mentation of the English Puritan movement could pose to the New Eng-...
10 | Changes in Restoration New England
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...took an abrupt turn as a new regime came to power in England. Each of theBible Commonwealths wrestled in turn with the problem of adjusting tothat reality. Massachusetts proved divided in its response, revealing divi-sions that laid the basis for the later loss of the colony's charter. New Havenwas eliminated from the map, a victim of the startling expansion of Con-...
11 | Challenges to the Faith: Pluralism and Declension
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...state, New Englanders became more divided in their attitudes toward reli-gious dissent and, principally in Massachusetts, more repressive in theirtreatment of sectaries. What justification there is for regarding the seven-teenth-century colonists as cruel bigots is drawn from events in the Baybetween 1658 and 1692. Judged by European standards, earlier dissenters...
12 | An Oppressed People: New England's Encounters with Metacom, Governor Andros, and the Witches
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...storation period, the New Englanders also experienced three major civicconflicts that tested their endurance, altered their government, and at thesame time reinforced the anxieties of those who believed the society to be indecline: from the forests of New England came the first real Indian uprisingin the region's history; in England, the renewal of consolidation efforts led...
13 | Art and Science in Colonial New England
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...educational system also encouraged New England scholars in the task ofinvestigating man and nature and communicating their findings in writingas well as in oral sermons. While Puritan colonists thus pursued tasks towhich many of their English brethren likewise set themselves, the NewWorld environment did modify their intellectual life. On the one hand,...
14 | Race Relations
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Before they came the land had been farmed, the wildlife hunted, thestreams fished by the Indians of the region. And later, in the 1640s, whiteNew Englanders added to the diversity of the region when they followedthe lead of their Dutch neighbors and of their fellow Englishmen to thesouth by importing black men and women from Africa. New England thus...
15 | New Directions: Puritanism in the Neglected Decades
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...trials are the most neglected period in the history of colonial New England.Isolated between the drama of the seventeenth century and the oncomingAmerican Revolution, the early eighteenth century has too often beenviewed as merely the anticlimax of the former or the prelude to the latter.But for those who lived then it was neither. It was a time of growth and...
16 | Enlightenment and Evangelicalism
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...were seeking ways of rekindling the faith of their fathers, Puritanism inNew England was being undermined by new currents of thought comingfrom Europe. The English Enlightenment, often dated from the publica-tion of Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica in 1686 and John Locke's EssayConcerning Human Understanding and Two Treatises on Government three...
Suggestions for Further Reading
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A number of works touch upon various themes that run through the text of PuritanExperiment. Among those that students will find useful are Harry S. Stout, The NewEngland Soul: Preaching and Religious Culture in Colonial New England (New York,1986), which treats the region's religious culture through an examination of pub-lished and unpublished sermons. Francis J. Bremer, Shaping New Englands: Puritan...
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Page Count: 283
Publication Year: 2013