Working with Your Woodland
A Landowner's Guide
Publication Year: 2012
Few owners are aware of the wide spectrum of compatible management objectives--such as encouragement of wildlife, development for recreation, and enhancement of scenic beauty--that can coexist with the more familiar timber and firewood potential of forested areas. Even fewer understand the purpose, techniques, environmental impacts, economics, or legalities of forest management. This edition provides necessary updating of the technological, environmental, tax, and legal concerns associated with woodland management. Three chapters have been completely rewritten, and there is new information on wetlands management, global warming, acid deposition, and rare or endangered species.
Published by: University Press of New England
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Title Page, Copyright
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Foreword to the First Edition
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Like many New England forest landowners, my reasons for owning a few acres of woodland seem to change with the seasons or who asks. After a new snowfall, or during grouse season, the reasons seem obvious. As the deadline for paying property taxes approach, the old doubts return. And when my forester friends ask about my management plans, I change the subject to the weather or...
Foreword to the Revised Edition
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It hardly seems possible that I wrote the first Foreword to this book ten years ago! Nor does it seem possible that the Black Walnut seedlings I planted in 1983 are 25 feet tall and yielding nuts. It is evident in the revisions to this new edition and in the new Postscript, On Stewardship, that the authors have matured as well. They have continued their professional journeys, including leadership of a state forestry agency, presidency of...
Preface to the First Edition
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This book is intended as a guide to the sensible use of woodland in New England, to a middle way between overuse of the forest and not using it at all. It is about forest management, and it is meant for the half-million private landowners—those other than forest industries and public agencies— who control more than half of the productive forest land in New England. In New England, forest management means the manipulation of woodland vegetation to encourage...
Preface to the Revised Edition
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Since a central theme of this book is the dynamism of the forest, the book, too, must change. Ten years after its first edition, we have updated it to reflect the responses of New England's forests to significant impacts of weather, disease, insects, and timber harvesting that have occurred over the past decade. Of course, most of the changes in this revised edition reflect developments not...
1 A New England Forest History
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The trees that dominate New England's landscape grow slowly in relation to the span of our own lives, and we see them as permanent and unchanging, a cherished natural constant in times when change is rapid and all too apparent. But a forest is anything but static, and the forests of New England tell two important, intertwining stories of change: one story of the forests' natural processes, and another of their response to being alternately used and disregarded b...
2 Assessing Woodland Potential
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Timber management is a continuous process of cultivating, harvesting, and regenerating trees having the best potential for conversion to valuable wood products, such as lumber and veneer. Evaluating woodland for its potential response to timber management involves consideration of several factors: tract size, accessibility, terrain, soils, and the species, size, age, quality, and crowdedness of trees...
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Most woodland owners will need the professional assistance of a forester in defining their management goals and implementing their decisions. The choice of a forester and the efficient use of a forester's time depend on a landowner's understanding of what foresters do, and of the types of foresters available to assist private landowners. Foresters are registered or licenced in some New England states (see appendix 3). In other...
4 Management Plans
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Managing woodland requires careful timing and sequencing of woodswork over a long period of time. A written management plan, updated regularly, allows for an orderly program of management over the life-span of trees, and provides an element of continuity as ownerships or foresters change. Possession of a written management plan is necessary for valid and thorough forest management, and, in most New England states, a plan is required to qualify....
5 Woodland Management Techniques
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Although the objectives of forest management may vary greatly from one ownership to another, the choice of techniques to realize them is surprisingly limited. This chapter describes the techniques most likely to be called for in management plans for private woodland in New England. The discussion is intended to be thorough; it is unlikely that any one management plan would call for all of the treatments described here. For timber, maple products...
6 Harvesting Forest Products
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Logging operations are a critical element in forest management for any objective, and the choices made in planning and executing them have ecological, visual, and financial implications for many years. Although a poor logging job may maximize immediate financial gain, years of cultural effort and future productivity can be negated if the logging is poorly conceived or negligently executed. A good logging job will show sensitivity to possible visual changes, leave...
7 Financial Aspects of Forest Management
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This chapter describes the costs, returns, benefits, and risks of forestry investments. It also outlines the two methods most often used to evaluate and compare investment decisions concerning private woodland; identifies tax liabilities in forest management; and describes records that must be kept and those that it is advisable...
Postscript: On Stewardship
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Ten years after concluding the first edition of this book with those optimistic words we are still amazed by the resilience of the New England forest. We find ourselves less sure, however, about its future. Our confidence has been eroded by a decade of observation and speculation regarding the effects on the forest around us of air pollution, a series of new forest insects and diseases, and...
Appendix I Forestry Measurements and Conversions
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Appendix 2 Landowner's Reading List
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Appendix 3 Forestry Laws
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Appendix 4 Sources of Information and Assistance
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Page Count: 302
Publication Year: 2012