Documentary History of Communism in Russia
From Lenin to Gorbachev
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: University of Vermont Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Preface (i960 Edition)
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It would naturally be impossible in one volume of documentary mate-rials to cover a subject as broad and complex as Communism from every point ofview. The careful description of political institutions, events and everyday life asthey have proceeded over the years under Communism would require whole shelvesof source materials. The present work has been deliberately focused on the subject...
Preface (Revised Edition)
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Since the publication of the original edition of this work more thantwo decades ago the subject of Communism has expanded in years, in territory, andin complexity. In the present revision I have endeavored to respond to thesechanges by abridging the pre-1960 material of the first edition and adding new se-lections to reflect recent developments in the various Communist parties both in-...
Preface (1993 Edition)
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This third, revised and updated edition of A Documentary History ofCommunism coincides with the amazing collapse of Communist rule in the SovietUnion. It follows the fall of Communist governments in Eastern Europe and thevirtual demise of the international Communist movement, except for the People'sRepublic of China and a few other outposts of old-style Communism in the Far...
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The subject of this work is the world-wide movement which was initiallybrought into being by Vladimir Ilich Lenin when he organized his Bolshevik fac-tion of Russian revolutionaries in the years 1902-1904. Earlier doctrines andmovements going under the name "communism" are not of concern except as theywere relevant to the thinking of the specific contemporary Communist movement...
CHAPTER ONELeninism and the BolshevikParty, to 1917
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...powerful figure, Lenin. The disciplined organization, the revolutionary mission,and stern enforcement of Lenin's version of doctrinal orthodoxy were all firmly es-tablished in the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Party long be-fore 1917. The reactions of other Marxists testify eloquently to the unique impresswhich Lenin's personality made in the movement. When revolution came in 1917,...
CHAPTER TWOThe Bolshevik Revolution,1917-1921
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The Russian Revolution was not a simple matter of the conspiratorialseizure of power, but one of the most complex events in all history. As in the En-glish and French revolutions, the unexpected collapse of the monarchy's authorityinitiated a sequence of political convulsions, as power passed through a successionof leading groups, with growing extremism and violence. Stable rule by the Com-...
CHAPTER THREESoviet Communism:The Era of Controversy, 1922 -1929
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Soviet Russia was ruled by a collective dictatorship of high party leaders. At the toplevel individuals still spoke for themselves, and considerable freedom for factionalcontroversy remained despite the principles of unity laid down In 19 21.Under the compromises of the NEP, however, reality made the serious applica-tion of Communist theories of the "proletarian revolution" and the "workers'...
CHAPTER FOURSoviet Communism:The Transformation under Stalin, 1929-1953
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...bodied in its doctrine, bore a unique impress of dominant individual personalities—specifically, Lenin and Stalin. Lenin launched the movement and gave it thequalities necessary for seizing and holding power; Stalin accomplished the perma-nent adaptation of the movement to the circumstances of its time and setting. Theinsane purging and self-glorification in which Stalin indulged were perhaps transi-...
CHAPTER FIVEThe Interval of Reform,1953-1964
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Stalin's death broke the spell of monolithic repression in Soviet societyand opened the way for a more lenient and more innovative style of politics, brieflyunder the leadership of Malenkov, and then for nearly a decade under the ebullientNikita Khrushchev. Although the system of Communist Party rule was not funda-mentally changed, Khrushchev's "de-Stalinization" campaign forever altered the re-...
CHAPTER SIXThe "Era of Stagnation,"1964-1985
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The years from 1964 to 1982 were for the Soviet Union the most sta-ble period in its history, with rigid maintenance of institutions and ideology by anaging leadership unwilling to address creatively the country's fundamental prob-lems. These were no longer problems of backwardness and revolution but ofmodernity and growth, for which the governing spirit in the Communist Party was...
CHAPTER SEVENPerestroika and the End ofCommunism, 198 5-1991
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The events initiated by the elevation of Mikhail Gorbachev to theGeneral Secretaryship in March 1985 were almost as startling and convoluted asthe years of the Russian Revolution. Attempting at first only to modernize andtighten the Communist system, Gorbachev discovered both the inner rot left byBrezhnev and the tenacity of officials who fought the loss of their power, and...
Page Count: 428
Publication Year: 2001
Edition: 3rd rev. ed.