Documentary History of Communism in Russia
From Lenin to Gorbachev
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: University of Vermont Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Preface (1960 Edition)
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It would naturally be impossible in one volume of documentary materials to cover a subject as broad and complex as Communism from every point of view. The careful description of political institutions, events and everyday life as they have proceeded over the years under Communism would require whole shelves...
Preface (Revised Edition)
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Since the publication of the original edition of this work more than two decades ago the subject of Communism has expanded in years, in territory, and in complexity. In the present revision I have endeavored to respond to these changes by abridging the pre-1960 material of the first edition and adding new selections to...
Preface (1993 Edition)
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This third, revised and updated edition of A Documentary History of Communism coincides with the amazing collapse of Communist rule in the Soviet Union. It follows the fall of Communist governments in Eastern Europe and the virtual demise of the international Communist movement, except for the People's...
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The subject of this work is the world-wide movement which was initially brought into being by Vladimir Ilich Lenin when he organized his Bolshevik faction of Russian revolutionaries in the years 1902-1904. Earlier doctrines and movements going under the name "communism" are not of concern except as they...
CHAPTER ONE. Leninism and the Bolshevik Party, to 1917
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The background of the Communist movement was dominated by one powerful figure, Lenin. The disciplined organization, the revolutionary mission, and stern enforcement of Lenin's version of doctrinal orthodoxy were all firmly established in the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Party long before...
CHAPTER TWO. The Bolshevik Revolution, 1917-1921
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The Russian Revolution was not a simple matter of the conspiratorial seizure of power, but one of the most complex events in all history. As in the English and French revolutions, the unexpected collapse of the monarchy's authority initiated a sequence of political convulsions, as power passed through a succession...
CHAPTER THREE. Soviet Communism: The Era of Controversy, 1922 -1929
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Under the compromises of the NEP, however, reality made the serious application of Communist theories of the "proletarian revolution" and the "workers' state" very difficult. Moreover, the Civil War had bequeathed a military form of party organization that put decisive political power in the hands of Stalin's Secretariat...
CHAPTER FOUR. Soviet Communism: The Transformation under Stalin, 1929-1953
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The Communist movement, despite the impersonal sociology embodied in its doctrine, bore a unique impress of dominant individual personalities—specifically, Lenin and Stalin. Lenin launched the movement and gave it the qualities necessary for seizing and holding power; Stalin accomplished the permanent...
CHAPTER FIVE. The Interval of Reform, 1953-1964
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Stalin's death broke the spell of monolithic repression in Soviet society and opened the way for a more lenient and more innovative style of politics, briefly under the leadership of Malenkov, and then for nearly a decade under the ebullient Nikita Khrushchev. Although the system of Communist Party rule was not fundamentally...
CHAPTER SIX. The "Era of Stagnation," 1964-1985
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The years from 1964 to 1982 were for the Soviet Union the most stable period in its history, with rigid maintenance of institutions and ideology by an aging leadership unwilling to address creatively the country's fundamental problems. These were no longer problems of backwardness and revolution but of...
CHAPTER SEVEN. Perestroika and the End of Communism, 1985-1991
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The events initiated by the elevation of Mikhail Gorbachev to the General Secretaryship in March 1985 were almost as startling and convoluted as the years of the Russian Revolution. Attempting at first only to modernize and tighten the Communist system, Gorbachev discovered both the inner rot left by...
Page Count: 428
Publication Year: 2001
Edition: 3rd rev. ed.