The Irish in the Atlantic World
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of South Carolina Press
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This project was conceived and encouraged by Simon Lewis, my codirector ofthe Program in the Carolina Low country and the Atlantic World (CLAW) whenI came to the College of Charleston in the fall of 2002. He has been supportive ofit in all kinds of ways through all stages. No one could ask for a better colleagueand collaborator. Alexander Moore of the University of South Carolina Press and...
The Irish Atlantic?
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In July 2000 at a meeting of the American Bar Association held in Dublin, theminister of enterprise and tánaiste (deputy prime minister) of the Irish govern-ment, Mary Harney, in a speech describing Ireland’s relationship with the Euro-pean Union (EU) and the United States, stated, “Geographically we [the Irishpeople] are closer to Berlin than Boston.” But, she continued, “spiritually, we are...
Part I: Ireland in the Atlantic World
Mathewite Temperance in Atlantic Perspective
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Outside his native Ireland, Father Theobald Mathew would rank high onany list of the forgotten famous of the last two centuries. Yet in his own day,Mathew, along with Daniel O’Connell, was indisputably the most popular manin Ireland, and over the course of the nineteenth century, halls, statues, and tow-ers were erected in his honor all over Ireland, Australia, Canada, Britain, and the...
The Anatomy of Failure: Nineteenth-Century Irish Copper Mining in the Atlantic and Global Economy
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The widely held image of nineteenth-century Ireland as having an almostexclusively agricultural economy has truncated our understanding of Ireland’seconomy. Without denying the dominant role agriculture played in the Irisheconomy at that time, other aspects deserve attention. One of these is copper min-ing. Beginning around 1805 Irish copper resources attracted significant attention...
Transatlantic Migrations of Irish Music in the Early Recording Age
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In the early twentieth century, recordings of Irish musicians in America had amajor impact on traditional musicians in both Irish America and Ireland. Thisidea has often been repeated in Irish music circles, and academic discourse sur-rounding the movement of these recordings generally includes a version of thesame generic sentence: “These early 78-rpm records made their way to Ireland...
The “Idea of America” in the New Irish State, 1922–1960
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Much has been written about the extent, nature, and significance of the linksand ties that bind Ireland and the United States together, particularly in theperiod 1856 to 1914.1 Kevin Kenny recently noted that the study of Irish Amer-ica in the twentieth century is still in its infancy.2 Much of the work concentrateson the emigration from Ireland and on the political dimensions of the relation-...
Part II: Irish Identity in the Atlantic World
“The Transmigrated Soul of Some West Indian Planter”: Absenteeism, Slavery, and the Irish National Tale
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The complexities of Irish identity in the eighteenth century shaped and wereshaped by Ireland’s varied roles within the British Empire. As historian AlvinJackson argues, “Irish people were simultaneously major participants in Empire,and a significant source of subversion. For the Irish the Empire was both an agentof liberation and of oppression: it provided both the path to social advancement...
Slavery, Irish Nationalism, and Irish American Identity in the South, 1840–1845
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In 1840 Daniel O’Connell launched the first mass nationalist movement in Ire-land when he formed the Loyal National Repeal Association (LNRA) to agitatefor the end of the Irish parliamentary union with Great Britain. The movementfocused on repealing the British Act of Union of 1800, an act conservative Protes-tants in En gland and Ireland had conceived in order to maintain British and...
“From the Cabins of Connemara to the Kraals of Kaffirland”: Irish Nationalists, the British Empire, and the “Boer Fight for Freedom”
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From the China towers of Pekin to the round towers of Ireland, fromthe cabins of Connemara to the kraals of Kaffirland, from the wattledhomes of the isles of Polynesia to the wigwams of North America the cry is: “Down with the invaders! Down with the tyrants!” Every man In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, white settler regimes from...
Kathleen O’Brennan and American Identity in the Transatlantic Irish Republican Movement
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Historians of the factious relationship between American Irish nationalistsand Irish politicians in the era of World War I attribute the differences betweenthem to distinct national outlooks. The trans atlantic struggle for Irish indepen -dence was contentious, historians of the Friends of Irish Freedom (FOIF) argue,because American concerns were incompatible with Irish ones.1 Studies of the...
“Blues Coming down Royal Avenue”: Van Morrison’s Belfast Blues
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See, Belfast is not like En gland, even though it’s a part of Great Britain.It’s got its own trip going. The American influences are stronger thanthe En glish influences because of all the Irish who have emigrated to theThe Maritime Hotel became a place that people made pilgrimages to. ItIn 1964 nineteen-year-old Van Morrison was at a loose end in Belfast. He was...
Part III: The Irish in the Atlantic World
The “Quadripartite Concern” of St. Croix: An Irish Catholic Experiment in the Danish West Indies
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St. Croix lies forty miles to the southeast of Puerto Rico and some ninety milesto the northwest of the British Leeward Islands.1 However, the island’s isolatedappearance on the map belies its strategic position at the crossroads of Caribbeancommerce, particularly during the mid–eighteenth century. Owing to favorabletrade winds, the island was a mere day’s sail from Montserrat, and as such it was...
The Irish and the Formation of British Communities in Early Massachusetts
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One evening in May 1661, Philip Welsh and William Downing strode intotheir master’s parlor just before prayers and delivered an astonishing challenge.The two men, indentured servants to Ipswich magistrate Samuel Symonds,declared, “We will worke with you, or for you, noe longer. . . . We have servedyou seven years, we thinke that is longe enough.” Welsh and Downing did try...
From Ulster to the Carolinas: John Torrans, John Greg, John Poaug, and Bounty Emigration, 1761–1768
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...“But of all other countries, none has furnished the province with so manyinhabitants as Ireland,” South Carolina’s first historian wrote in 1779. The Rev-erend Alexander Hewatt observed that the spirit of emigration from “the north-ern counties of that kingdom” to America was so strong in the 1760s and 1770sas to threaten “almost a total depopulation” of the Irish province of Ulster. “But...
“The Unacclimated Stranger Should Be Positively Prohibited from Joining the Party”: Irish Immigrants, Black Laborers, and Yellow Fever on Charleston’s Waterfront
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Irishmen labored on waterfronts throughout the Atlantic World in the nine-teenth century. Although the work these Irish waterfront laborers performedwas, more or less, similar regardless of the geographical location of the port, thosewho worked upon the wharves and transported goods to and from the water-fronts of port cities in the antebellum American South encountered experiences...
The Orange Atlantic
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After three decades of conflict, the recent political settlement in NorthernIreland has inevitably led to new light being cast onto the Orange Order, anorganization closely associated with the Protestant-Unionist hegemony in theprovince. The political situation has transformed so radically that the power baseof the Protestant majority has been permanently eroded, presenting many chal-...
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Catherine M. Bums received a master’s degree in history at the University of Massachusetts and is a doctoral candidate in the Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Madison. ...
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Page Count: 352
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: The Carolina Lowcountry and the Atlantic World