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The South Carolina Encyclopedia Guide to the American Revolution in South Carolina

Walter Edgar

Publication Year: 2012

The South Carolina Encyclopedia Guide to the American Revolution in South Carolina details the people, places, and struggles that defined the region's prominent role in the path to American liberty from British authority. Nearly 140 battles of the American Revolution were fought in South Carolina, more than in any other colony. As America's first civil war, the revolution pitted Loyalists against partisans and patriots in the fierce combat that established the legacies of figures such as Francis Marion, Nathanael Greene, Peter Horry, Henry and John Laurens, Daniel Morgan, and Andrew Jackson. In addition to profiling these leaders, this guide also chronicles the major combat operations, including the battles of Ninety Six, Cowpens, Camden, Kings Mountain, and Charleston Harbor. Also documented are the vital contributions of African Americans and Native Americans in the struggle and the roles of Revolutionary War heroines such as Kate Barry, Emily Geiger, Rebecca Brewton Motte, and Dorcas Nelson Richardson. The origins of the South Carolina state flag and seal in the war are detailed as well in this treasure trove of fascinating information for students and historians of the American Revolution.

Published by: University of South Carolina Press

Title Page, Series Page, Copyright, Editorial Page

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-ix

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Series Editor’s Preface

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pp. xi-13

The South Carolina Encyclopedia was published in 2006 to be a “people’s encyclopedia,” a comprehensive single-volume print reference for anything that anyone wanted to know about the Palmetto State's rich cultures and storied heritage, from prehistory to the present. Including nearly two thousand entries and five hundred illustrations, the encyclopedia was the result of a six-year collaboration between the Humanities CouncilSC, the Institute for ...

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Revolutionary War

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pp. 1-7

The decision of South Carolinians to leave the British Empire was as much the result of local grievances as it was of changes in imperial policy that occurred after the French and Indian War. At the beginning of the 1770s, the Commons House of Assembly was embroiled in the latest in a series of fierce power struggles with royal officials, known as the Wilkes Fund Controversy. Coupled with new imperial ...

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African Americans in the Revolutionary War - Gillon, Alexander

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pp. 7-36

African Americans contributed to both the American and British causes during the Revolutionary War as laborers, soldiers, sailors, guides, teamsters, cooks, and spies. While it is impossible to know the exact number, it has been traditionally accepted that as many as five thousand African Americans served in the American forces. Perhaps as many as 80,000 to 100,000 slaves either escaped during the war, were taken by the British, or fled with Loyalists and British soldiers afterward. A few hundred ...

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Grimké, John Faucheraud - Marion, Francis

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pp. 37-72

Legislator, jurist. Grimké was born in Charleston on December 16, 1752, the son of merchant John Paul Grimké and his wife, Mary Faucheraud. After receiving his bachelor of arts degree from Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1774, Grimké returned to Charleston. His marriage to Mary Smith on October 12, 1784, produced fourteen children, including noted abolitionists Angelina and Sarah Grimké. ...

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Mathews, John - Timothy, Peter

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pp. 73-114

Governor. Mathews was born in Charleston in 1744, the only son of John Mathews and Sarah Gibbes. In 1764 he began the study of law at the Middle Temple in London. Shortly thereafter he returned to South Carolina, where he clerked for Charles Pinckney before his admission to the bar in 1766. Later that year he married Mary Wragg. They had one son. ...

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Vanderhorst, Arnoldus - Zubly, John Joachim

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pp. 115-122

Governor. Vanderhorst, the son of Arnoldus Vanderhorst and Elizabeth Simons, was born on March 21, 1748, in Christ Church Parish. He wed Elizabeth Raven on March 5, 1771, and the union produced at least six children. A successful planter and slaveholder, Vanderhorst owned a 1,350-acre plantation on Kiawah Island as well as substantial landholdings elsewhere in South Carolina. ...


E-ISBN-13: 9781611171495
Print-ISBN-13: 9781611171495

Page Count: 134
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: The South Carolina Encyclopedia Guides