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Upcountry South Carolina Goes to War

Letters of the Anderson, Brockman, and Moore Families, 1853-1865

Tom Moore Craig

Publication Year: 2012

Upcountry South Carolina Goes to War chronicles the lives and concerns of the Anderson, Brockman, and Moore families of piedmont South Carolina during the late-antebellum and Civil War eras through 124 letters dated 1853 to 1865. The letters provide valuable firsthand accounts of evolving attitudes toward the war as conveyed between battlefronts and the home front, and they also express rich details about daily life in both environments. As the men of service age from each family join the Confederate ranks and write from military camps in Virginia and the Carolinas, they describe combat in some of the war’s more significant battles. Though the surviving combatants remain staunch patriots to the Southern cause until the bitter end, readers witness in their letters the waning of initial enthusiasm in the face of the realities of warfare. The corresponding letters from the home front offer a more pragmatic assessment of the period and its hardships. Emblematic of the fates of many Southern families, the experiences of these representative South Carolinians are dramatically illustrated in their letters from the eve of the Civil War through its conclusion.

Published by: University of South Carolina Press

Cover

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pp. 1-3

Title Page

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p. 4-4

Copyright Page

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p. 5-5

Dedication Page

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pp. 6-7

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-8

List of Illustrations

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pp. viii-9

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This book would not have been possible without the encouragement and assistance of Dr. Melissa Walker, an inspiring teacher and thorough researcher, who saw the promise of these letters and encouraged me to publish them. She critiqued the manuscript at every stage, giving me the confidence to continue. ...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xxiv

In the rolling foothills of Spartanburg County, South Carolina, the Anderson and Moore families established themselves on the banks of the North and South Tyger rivers. They carved out new farms on former Cherokee hunting grounds near the present communities of Moore and Reidville. ...

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Methodology

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pp. xxv-xxvi

The 124 letters included in this book were largely in good condition, folded and enclosed in their original envelopes. Some of the letters to and from Civil War battlefields were damaged, the ink blurred, or had pages missing due to the frequent redeployments of soldiers and the vagaries of the Confederate postal service. ...

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Family Genealogies

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pp. xxvii-xxxii

James Mason Anderson (January 28, 1784–June 24, 1870). Family patriarch. Son of Major David and Miriam Mayson Anderson. A farmer and wagoner, he lived on the South Tyger River and was called “Tyger Jim” to distinguish him from his first cousin James M. “Enoree Jim” Anderson, who lived on the Enoree River. ...

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Pre–Civil War Letters

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pp. 1-38

David and Harriet Brockman Anderson were married in 1839 and established themselves at Pleasant Falls, on a hill overlooking David’s gristmill on the North Tyger River in western Spartanburg County. The first of nine children was born to them in early 1840. ...

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Letters, 1861

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pp. 39-61

As 1861 dawned, John Crawford Anderson was still a Citadel cadet, Thomas John Moore remained a student at South Carolina College, and Franklin Leland Anderson was tending to his plantation. On April 12, Confederate forces fired upon the federal garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor and controlled the small island two days later. ...

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Letters, 1862

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pp. 62-111

Andrew Evins, son of Col. S. N. Evins and stepson of Nancy Moore Evins, made it home from the war in Virginia with pneumonia, but despite the efforts of his older brother, Dr. Tom Evins, he died at Fredonia in early March. Nancy herself died soon after, making Ann, Andrew, and Tom orphans. ...

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Letters, 1863

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pp. 112-125

In early 1863 Tom’s unit moved from Virginia to eastern North Carolina, and his living conditions improved. John was still at the Citadel and urging his father to try sending some of his cotton to Nassau on a blockade-running ship. ...

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Letters, 1864

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pp. 126-155

On January 19, 1864, John wrote from Orange Court House, Virginia. Tom and Frank were camped near Savannah. In April their unit headed north reaching Tarborough, North Carolina, later that month and the Richmond area by midsummer. ...

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Letters, 1865

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pp. 156-170

As 1865 arrived, troops were positioning themselves for perhaps a final fight for Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy. The unit Tom, Frank, and Sam belonged to was moved to Petersburg. ...

Appendixes

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pp. 171-180

Bibliography

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pp. 181-182

Index

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pp. 183-190


E-ISBN-13: 9781611171105
Print-ISBN-13: 9781611170054

Page Count: 224
Publication Year: 2012