With All Deliberate Speed
Implementing Brown v. Board of Education
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: University of Arkansas Press
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The United States Supreme Courtâs Brown v. Board of Education decision of May 1954, which declared segregated schools unconstitutional, stands as one of the most important legal pronouncements of the twentieth century. The decision helped spark more than a decade of civil...
Implementing Brown in Arkansas
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Arkansas is home to the first public school in the former Confederate States of America to implement racial desegregation, as well as the high school where arguably the most infamous moment in school desegregation occurred in the 1950s. While Arkansasâs history contains two...
The Cost of Opportunity: School Desegregationâs Complicated Calculus in North Carolina
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Painful as it may be to admit, perhaps the school desegregation experiment has failed. Incompetent efforts (whether halfhearted or ham-fisted) to mix the races in schools engendered tremendous animosity from those who both supported and opposed desegregation.1 If the intent was to...
âKeep on Keeping Onâ: African Americans and the Implementation of Brown v. Board of Education in Virginia
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The fiftieth anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision (1954) resulted in an outburst of publications and scholarly activity related to the history of U.S. school desegregation. Conferences, journals, books, and films examined the many stories behind Brown and...
The Palmetto Revolution: School Desegregation in South Carolina
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A popular movement for civil rights reform swept the United States in the mid-twentieth century, in the process dramatically reshaping U.S. society and culture. In the South, the civil rights movement marked an opening of the political, educational, and social systems in a way not...
Defiance, Protest, and Compromise: The Struggle to Implement Brown in Georgia, 1950â1973
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This chapter examines the struggle to desegregate schools in the state of Georgia between 1950 and 1973. Georgiaâs blacks had long struggled to secure learning for their children. After World War II and before the U.S. Supreme Court handed down...
The Last Holdout: Mississippi and the Brown Decision
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Mississippi resisted the Brown v. Board of Education decision longer than any other southern state; for ten years after the landmark case, public schools in the Magnolia State remained strictly segregated. Finally, after persistent prodding from black parents and grudging support for an end...
A State Divided: Implementation of the Brown Decision in Florida, 1954â1970
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Despite its geographical location, debate has long raged over whether or not Florida is âreallyâ a southern state. Observers have devised various methods by which Floridaâs southernness could be measured, arguing that Florida became more or less southern depending on where in the..
Promises of Brown: Desegregating Education in Delaware, 1950â1968
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The long road to and from Brown v. Board of Education (1954) in Delaware began after Delaware State Collegeâs (now Delaware State University) loss of accreditation by the Middle States Association in 1948. State funding inequities between the University of Delaware and...
Border State Ebb and Flow: School Desegregation in Missouri, 1954â1999
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Missouri has long occupied a pivotal place in the history of race relations in the United States. As a border state, Missouri has historically been a crossroads of sorts for racially oriented issues. Indeed, at several different points in time, the entire nation was riveted by events that...
The Complexity of School Desegregation in the Borderland: The Case of Indiana
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In his autobiographical novel The Learning Tree, celebrated photographer, writer and composer Gordon Parks described the rural town inhabited by the Wingers, a poor black family during the 1920s: âLike all other Kansas towns, Cherokee Flats wallowed in the social complexities...
Northern Desegregation and the Racial Politics of Magnet Schools in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
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Conventional histories of Brown v. Board of Education typically do not address the experience of northern school desegregation. Richard Klugerâs Simple Justice, for example, paints a richly detailed portrait of the southern struggle and the U.S. Supreme Court, but merely sketches an outline...
Brown, Integration, and Nevada
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Since Nevada became a state in 1864, its economy has been tied to gamblingâfirst, gambling that ore waited underground, then on gambling itself and the attractions that go with it. Politically, it has been the creature of its dominant industry, whether mining or gaming. Socially, it...
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Page Count: 300
Publication Year: 2008