With All Deliberate Speed
Implementing Brown v. Board of Education
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: University of Arkansas Press
Download PDF (23.5 KB)
Download PDF (45.8 KB)
The United States Supreme Court’s Brown v. Board of Education decision of May 1954, which declared segregated schools unconstitutional, stands as one of the most important legal pronouncements of the twentieth century. The decision helped spark more than a decade of civil...
Implementing Brown in Arkansas
Download PDF (68.0 KB)
Arkansas is home to the first public school in the former Confederate States of America to implement racial desegregation, as well as the high school where arguably the most infamous moment in school desegregation occurred in the 1950s. While Arkansas’s history contains two...
The Cost of Opportunity: School Desegregation’s Complicated Calculus in North Carolina
Download PDF (76.7 KB)
Painful as it may be to admit, perhaps the school desegregation experiment has failed. Incompetent efforts (whether halfhearted or ham-fisted) to mix the races in schools engendered tremendous animosity from those who both supported and opposed desegregation.1 If the intent was to...
“Keep on Keeping On”: African Americans and the Implementation of Brown v. Board of Education in Virginia
Download PDF (65.7 KB)
The fiftieth anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision (1954) resulted in an outburst of publications and scholarly activity related to the history of U.S. school desegregation. Conferences, journals, books, and films examined the many stories behind Brown and...
The Palmetto Revolution: School Desegregation in South Carolina
Download PDF (113.8 KB)
A popular movement for civil rights reform swept the United States in the mid-twentieth century, in the process dramatically reshaping U.S. society and culture. In the South, the civil rights movement marked an opening of the political, educational, and social systems in a way not...
Defiance, Protest, and Compromise: The Struggle to Implement Brown in Georgia, 1950–1973
Download PDF (109.3 KB)
This chapter examines the struggle to desegregate schools in the state of Georgia between 1950 and 1973. Georgia’s blacks had long struggled to secure learning for their children. After World War II and before the U.S. Supreme Court handed down...
The Last Holdout: Mississippi and the Brown Decision
Download PDF (59.3 KB)
Mississippi resisted the Brown v. Board of Education decision longer than any other southern state; for ten years after the landmark case, public schools in the Magnolia State remained strictly segregated. Finally, after persistent prodding from black parents and grudging support for an end...
A State Divided: Implementation of the Brown Decision in Florida, 1954–1970
Download PDF (61.6 KB)
Despite its geographical location, debate has long raged over whether or not Florida is “really” a southern state. Observers have devised various methods by which Florida’s southernness could be measured, arguing that Florida became more or less southern depending on where in the..
Promises of Brown: Desegregating Education in Delaware, 1950–1968
Download PDF (69.7 KB)
The long road to and from Brown v. Board of Education (1954) in Delaware began after Delaware State College’s (now Delaware State University) loss of accreditation by the Middle States Association in 1948. State funding inequities between the University of Delaware and...
Border State Ebb and Flow: School Desegregation in Missouri, 1954–1999
Download PDF (90.2 KB)
Missouri has long occupied a pivotal place in the history of race relations in the United States. As a border state, Missouri has historically been a crossroads of sorts for racially oriented issues. Indeed, at several different points in time, the entire nation was riveted by events that...
The Complexity of School Desegregation in the Borderland: The Case of Indiana
Download PDF (62.0 KB)
In his autobiographical novel The Learning Tree, celebrated photographer, writer and composer Gordon Parks described the rural town inhabited by the Wingers, a poor black family during the 1920s: “Like all other Kansas towns, Cherokee Flats wallowed in the social complexities...
Northern Desegregation and the Racial Politics of Magnet Schools in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Download PDF (68.8 KB)
Conventional histories of Brown v. Board of Education typically do not address the experience of northern school desegregation. Richard Kluger’s Simple Justice, for example, paints a richly detailed portrait of the southern struggle and the U.S. Supreme Court, but merely sketches an outline...
Brown, Integration, and Nevada
Download PDF (64.2 KB)
Since Nevada became a state in 1864, its economy has been tied to gambling—first, gambling that ore waited underground, then on gambling itself and the attractions that go with it. Politically, it has been the creature of its dominant industry, whether mining or gaming. Socially, it...
Download PDF (248.2 KB)
Download PDF (35.3 KB)
Download PDF (516.8 KB)
Page Count: 300
Publication Year: 2008