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War on Error

Real Stories of American Muslims

Melody Moezzi

Publication Year: 2007

War on Error brings together the stories of twelve young people, all vastly different but all American, and all Muslim. Their approaches to religion couldn’t be more diverse: from a rapper of Korean and Egyptian descent to a bisexual Sudanese American to a converted white woman from Colorado living in Cairo and wearing the hijab.

Published by: University of Arkansas Press

Front Matter

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CONTENTS

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pp. v-vi

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FOREWORD

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pp. vii-xiv

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is the oldest, largest, and most influential civil rights organization in the United States. For one hundred years, it has pursued a straightforward yet exceedingly difficult goal: to ensure that African Americans are treated as equal citizens. This...

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THE NAACP IN HISTORIOGRAPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

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pp. xv-xxviii

If the spirits of the 1999 founders of the NAACP were able to look down on the Association in its centenary year they would have found much to celebrate. From humble beginnings in the early 1900s, by the start of the twenty-first...

I. The NAACP at the National Level

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1. “All Shadows Are Dark”

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pp. 3-14

WHEN WALTER WHITE died in 1955 after twenty-five years as executive secretary of the NAACP, commentators both within and outside the African American community reflected upon his career and speculated about his legacy. The Chicago Defender went so far as to...

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2. In Harlem and Hollywood

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pp. 15-28

A 1925 PRESS RELEASE for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People outlined the organization’s main activities for that year. They were listed under the following headings: “Segregation, Legal...

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3. “A Gigantic Battle to Win Men’s Minds”

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pp. 29-42

ON FEBRUARY 1, 1959, NBC-TV anchorman Chester “Chet” Huntley went on air to make a series of startling comments on the state of southern race relations. “The NAACP may have outlived itself,” he pronounced. Believing that “never in history has society been changed by law,” Huntley...

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4. Leading from the Back

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pp. 43-58

A NUMBER OF RECENT works have begun to reassess the contribution of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to the civil rights movement in a more positive light than the impression left by its critics, particularly during the late 1960s, would suggest.1

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5. Uneasy Alliance

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pp. 59-74

THE NAACP HAS never worked comfortably with charismatic figures. It feuded with Marcus Garvey in the Association’s early years, and in the 1940s, it was worried first about A. Philip Randolph’s all-black March on Washington Movement and then, about the impact of both Paul Robeson’s...

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6. The NAACP and the Challenges of 1960s Radicalism

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pp. 75-86

DURING THE SECOND half of the 1960s the national leadership of the NAACP had to contend with mounting opposition to the war in Vietnam and growing calls for “Black Power” from within the civil rights movement. Their response was to seek to distance the Association from...

II. The NAACP at the State, City, and Local Levels

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7. The Falls Church Colored Citizens Protective League and the Establishment of Virginia’s First Rural Branch of the NAACP

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pp. 89-104

FALLS CHURCH IS located in Fairfax County, Virginia, a county recognized today as one of the wealthiest in the country. According to census reports for 2003, the median household income in the county was over $80,000,000, nearly double the national median income for that same...

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8. “To Hope Till Hope Creates”

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pp. 105-120

ON THE EVE of the First World War Alabama hardly constituted the most fertile soil for the growth of the early NAACP. A Deep South location and a record of racial violence and discrimination that was matched by few other former Confederate states were formidable obstacles...

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9. “It’s Worth One Dollarto Get Rid of Us”

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pp. 121-134

THE NAACP HAS been primarily seen as a political and civil rights organization over the century of its existence and, indeed, it has had a remarkably consistent message of equality and integration. However, during the 1920s through to the war years the NAACP underwent an amount of...

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10. “In No Event Shall a Negro Be Eligible”

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pp. 135-154

SINCE THE TURN of the twentieth century, Texas blacks had been barred from voting in the Democratic primary by popular consensus, Democratic Party rules, and (from 1923 to 1927) state statutes. The Democratic...

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11. Tensions in the Relationship between Local and National NAACP Branches

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pp. 155-168

IN THE SUMMER of 1933, Walter White, then executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, paid a visit to Detroit, speaking at a meeting sponsored by a senior member of the local NAACP...

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12. The Chicago NAACP

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pp. 169-184

ON THE EVE of the civil rights revolution of the 1960s, the Chicago branch of the NAACP had, by and large, successfully attempted and completed fifty-odd years of essential service to Chicago’s African...

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13. The NAACP in California,1914–1950

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pp. 185-200

WITHIN FIVE YEARS of its founding, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People had established branches in California. Over the next forty years, and beyond, these chapters provided an unbroken organizational response to discrimination and prejudice...

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14. “Your Work Is the Most Important, but without Branches There Can Be No National Work”

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pp. 201-218

OF THE ONE thousand or so branches that were affiliated with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1945, Cleveland’s might be construed as one of the more curious.1 Recognized as one of the Association’s largest by the postwar years...

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15. “They Say . . . New York Is Not Worth a D——to Them”

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pp. 219-234

IN 1949, THE fledgling NAACP Arkansas State Conference of branches (ASC), founded just four years earlier, was in crisis. NAACP regional secretary Donald Jones invited the president of the ASC, Pine Bluff...

A CHRONOLOGY OF THE NAACP

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pp. 235-246

NOTES

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pp. 247-298

CONTRIBUTORS

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pp. 299-302

INDEX

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pp. 303-313

Back Matter

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pp. 343-346


E-ISBN-13: 9781610754507
E-ISBN-10: 1610754506
Print-ISBN-13: 9781557288554
Print-ISBN-10: 1557288550

Page Count: 150
Publication Year: 2007

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Islam -- United States.
  • Muslims -- United States -- Interviews.
  • Muslims -- United States -- Social conditions.
  • Islam -- Essence, genius, nature.
  • United States -- Ethnic relations.
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