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Statesmen, Scoundrels, and Eccentrics

A Gallery of Amazing Arkansans

Tom Dillard

Publication Year: 2010

From Native Americans, explorers, and early settlers to entertainers, business people, politicians, lawyers, artists, and many others, the well-known and not-so-well-known Arkansans featured in Statesmen, Scoundrels, and Eccentrics have fascinating stories. To name a few, there’s the “Hanging Judge,” Isaac C. Parker of Fort Smith, and Hattie Caraway, the first elected female U.S. senator. Isaac T. Gillam, a slave who became a prominent politician in post–Civil War Little Rock, is included, as is Norman McLeod, an eccentric Hot Springs photographer and owner of the city’s first large tourist trap. These entertaining short biographies from Dillard’s Remembering Arkansas column will be enjoyed by all kinds of readers, young and old alike. All the original columns reprinted here have also been enhanced with Dillard’s own recommended reading lists. Statesmen will serve as an introduction or reintroduction to the state’s wonderfully complex heritage, full of rhythm and discord, peopled by generations of hardworking men and women who have contributed much to the region and nation.

Published by: University of Arkansas Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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FOREWORD

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pp. xi-xii

How many people out of a hundred know that an Arkansas slave pushed the British Empire into helping runaway slaves from the United States? Remember the Alamo? How many people know that Davy Crockett caroused his way across Arkansas (where he described the men as “half horse half alligator”) as he headed toward San Antonio...

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xiii-xiv

The debts owed by any author are extensive, but this is especially so in my case. Ferreting out obscure information on often little-known people means that I regularly called upon friends, relatives, historians, librarians, and archivists across the state—and sometimes outside. To all these unfailingly helpful folks, I extend my heartfelt thanks. The University of Arkansas Libraries...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. xv-xvi

This collection of biographical sketches got its start in Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, when Griffin Smith, executive editor of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette, asked me to write a weekly column on Arkansas history for his newspaper. I began the column with the firm belief that Arkansas history has relevance beyond narrow antiquarian appeal. A savvy politician...

CHAPTER I: Natives, Explorers, and Early Settlers

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pp. 1-2

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Hernando de Soto

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pp. 3-7

The written history of Arkansas began with the arrival of Spaniard Hernando de Soto and his expeditionary force in1541. Born of a noble but nearly impoverished family in western Spain around 1500, de Soto had to borrow money to come to the New World. Arriving on the sickly coast of Panama in 1514, the teenage Spaniard quickly became

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Saracen

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pp. 8-10

A Quapaw Indian, Saracen has been portrayed in Arkansas history as “the rescuer of captive children.” During the Revolutionary War, a contingent of Tories and Chickasaws attacked Arkansas Post in retaliation for Spanish support of the American rebels. This little-known skirmish in the Revolution resulted in captives being taken, which were...

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Jean Laffite

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pp. 11-13

North Little Rock was originally known as “Argenta.” The word argenta means “silver” in Latin, and at one time efforts were made to mine silver on the north shore of the Arkansas River. While silver was extracted from the area, the silver mines were begun as a ruse to cover a Spanish espionage trip up the Arkansas...

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William E. Woodruff

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pp. 14-16

William E. Woodruff, the founding editor and publisher of Arkansas’s first newspaper, is one of those icons of history that even the most unconcerned schoolboy finds interesting. Woodruff, a Long Island native and trained printer, first tried newspapering in Nashville, Tennessee, before relocating to Arkansas in 1819, the year Arkansas...

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Matthew Lyon

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pp. 17-19

Matthew Lyon serves as an inspiration for older Arkansans. In 1822, at the age of seventy-two, Lyon captained a flatboat full of cargo from well up the Arkansas River to New Orleans and then returned with a cotton gin. That journey merely hinted at Lyon’s force of will, for he brought the same determination to practically every aspect of life...

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Hiram A. Whittington

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pp. 20-22

The Whittington family was among the most prominent in early Arkansas. The Whittingtons settled in Arkansas during the early territorial period, making their homes in early Hot Springs and later Montgomery County. The Whittingtons go back practically to the founding of Salem, the Montgomery County seat, later renamed Mount Ida...

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Jacob Wolf

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pp. 23-25

Major Jacob Wolf was one of those larger-than-life settlers on the Arkansas frontier. His economic good sense and willingness to work hard made him a prosperous man, which in turn allowed him to attain considerable political power. The Wolf House, located at Norfork in Baxter County, is generally recognized as the state’s oldest surviving...

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Antoine Barraque

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pp. 26-28

Among the rugged immigrants to early Arkansas was Antoine Barraque, a soldier, fur trader, Indian agent, and planter who lived an outsized life and died the patriarch of a large family. Born in 1773 in the French department of Gascoigne, near the Pyrenees Mountains, Barraque must have come from a prosperous family, for he was educated in Paris and...

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Friedrich Gerst

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pp. 29-31

Friedrich Gerst

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Davy Crockett

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pp. 32-36

In the autumn of 1835, the citizens of Little Rock, Arkansas Territory, hosted a dinner in honor of David Crockett, the frontiersman- politician who literally became a legend in his own time. Crockett was already a major cultural and political figure when he passed through Little Rock on his way to Texas and martyrdom at the Alamo. Crockett was born...

CHAPTER II: Antebellum Politicians

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pp. 35-36

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Robert Crittenden

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pp. 37-39

In the era of term limits, a thirty-year-old state senator might be referred to as a “veteran” legislator. Robert Crittenden, the man who essentially created the government of Arkansas in the first place, was only twenty-two years of age when he took office as the territorial secretary, the number two official in the new territory, in...

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Gov. George Izard

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pp. 40-42

Territorial Governor George Izard should have been a good governor for Arkansas. He was well educated, honest, and strong willed. Arkansas’s second territorial governor, Izard worked hard to bring order and development to frontier Arkansas. Though he ultimately failed, he was a stabilizing force in a tiny western jurisdiction, where the politicians were...

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Chester Ashley

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pp. 43-45

Chester Ashley was one of the great political titans of early Arkansas. His life in Arkansas was brief, but like many of his contemporaries, he lived it in an outsized way. Ashley was one of the most successful founding fathers of Arkansas. An early settler in territorial Arkansas, he practiced law with the firebrand Robert Crittenden, made a fortune...

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Augustus H. Garland

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pp. 46-48

Garland County was named in honor of Augustus H. Garland, one of the great figures of nineteenth-century Arkansas history—in politics, the law, and the Confederacy. His appointment to the cabinet of President Grover Cleveland was a first for an Arkansan. Born in Tipton County, Tennessee, in June...

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Robert Ward Johnson

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pp. 49-52

One of the great antebellum leaders of Arkansas, Robert Ward Johnson, was appointed to the U.S. Senate by Gov. Elias N. Conway on July 6, 1853. It was only natural that Conway would appoint Johnson. In addition to Johnson’s prior service in Congress, they were related by marriage and were members of what was called the “Family”...

CHAPTER III: Postbellum Politicians

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pp. 53-54

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Gov. Powell Clayton

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pp. 55-60

In the summer of1868 former Union army commander Powell Clayton was sworn in as the first Republican governor of Arkansas. He won the governorship because many Democratic voters had been disfranchised by provisions of the Reconstruction Acts of...

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Sen. S. W. Dorsey

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pp. 61-64

Cleveland County in southern Arkansas was created in the Recon - struction legislature of 1873 and named for Republican U.S. senator and railroad promoter Stephen W. Dorsey. Dorsey, who left Arkansas not long after his one term in the Senate, was loathed by the Democrats —and they ultimately took revenge. The county name was changed to...

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William H. Grey

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pp. 65-67

One of the remarkable black leaders of nineteenth-century Arkansas was William H. Grey of Helena. A dynamic and forceful speaker, a leader who commanded the respect of his constituents, and an advocate for racial equality, Grey’s star burned brightly in the Arkansas political firmament before paralysis prematurely stole his health...

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Isaac T. Gillam

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pp. 68-70

Despite his birth as a slave, Isaac T. Gillam arose quickly on the political scene in post–Civil War Little Rock. Though he died early, Gillam crammed a great deal of political activity into a few years. Isaac Taylor Gillam first entered the public record on September...

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Gov. James H. Berry

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pp. 71-74

Any Arkansan who lived in the later part of the 1800s would have recognized the name J. H. Berry, but he is not well known to modern Arkansans. A Civil War hero with a reputation for honesty, Berry rose from the state legislature to the U.S. Senate—only to be brought down by the unrestrained tactics of Gov. Jeff Davis...

CHAPTER IV: Twentieth-Century Politicians

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pp. 75-76

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Gov. John S. Little

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pp. 77-78

Gov. John S. Little reached the apex of political leadership in Arkansas in 1906, only to quickly fall ill shortly after his inauguration and disappear from the political landscape altogether. Though little remembered a century after his death, Governor Little was an important leader in his day and a close ally of the lightning rod governor...

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Sen. Joseph T. Robinson

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pp. 79-84

Until Bill Clinton came along, Senator Joe T. Robinson was the Arkansan whose flame burned brightest on the national political scene. A precocious and ambitious young politician who, in less than a month in 1913, served as an Arkansas congressman, governor, and senator, Robinson rose to the pinnacle of American political power in...

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Gov. Charles H. Brough

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pp. 85-88

Gov. Charles H. Brough, Arkansas’s only governor with a doctoral degree, was recognized as a leader in many fields in addition to politics, including education and religion. Brough gets high marks for his efforts to modernize Arkansas, especially his work on behalf of constitutional reform. A devout Baptist, Brough demonstrated that religious...

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Sen. Thaddeus Caraway

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pp. 89-91

Thaddeus Caraway represented Arkansas in the U.S. Senate throughout the turbulent 1920s, yet his place in the pantheon of Arkansas history has been overshadowed by his more famous wife and successor, Sen. Hattie Caraway. Mrs. Caraway was the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate. When Professor Calvin R. Ledbetter published an...

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Sen. Hattie Caraway

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pp. 92-94

While Arkansas might not have been a leader in many areas of human rights, the state has been remarkably progressive in relation to women’s rights. Arkansas was among the early states in recognizing the legal rights of married women, and the suffragette movement took early root in the state. Any doubts about Arkansas’s pioneering status in women’s political...

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Rep. Claude A. Fuller

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pp. 95-97

No single man changed the face of north Arkansas, but Congressman Claude A. Fuller of Eureka Springs certainly had a major impact through his support of damming rivers. Fuller, while a member of Congress during the...

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Rep. Clyde T. Ellis

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pp. 98-102

Clyde T. Ellis did as much as any single individual to advance Arkansas: he can be given credit for bringing electricity to the state’s vast rural areas. Harvey Couch, the visionary founder of Arkansas Power & Light Company, built his business by providing electricity to residents of more densely settled areas where return on investment was much...

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Gov. Winthrop Rockefeller

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pp. 101-103

Winthrop Rockefeller had a profound impact on Arkansas—an impact that lives long after his untimely death. Today Arkansans vote for Republicans as if it is the most natural thing in the world, but such was not the case in 1966 when Rockefeller became the first GOP governor since Reconstruction. His tenure as governor changed Arkansas...

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Lt. Gov. Maurice “Footsie” Britt

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pp. 104-106

Maurice Britt was one of those men who could do anything. He was a star athlete, a World War II hero, and a successful businessman. In 1966 Britt was elected the first Republican lieutenant governor of Arkansas since Reconstruction. Britt was born in 1919 near Carlisle on a rice farm. His father died...

CHAPTER V: The Law

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pp. 107-108

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Nelson Hacket

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pp. 109-111

An Arkansas runaway slave named Nelson Hacket fled Washington County in 1841, an odyssey that ultimately failed, but not before making an international impact. Hacket fled by way of Michigan to freedom in Canada, only to be extradited to Arkansas and the shackles of slavery again. The Hacket case resulted in an international incident,...

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John R. Eakin

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pp. 112-114

John R. Eakin was one of those pioneer Arkansans who excelled in a number of fields, most especially in journalism and the law. He edited the Washington Telegraph newspaper in Hempstead County in the heated times leading up to the Civil War, as well as serving as something of a reformer in the Arkansas Supreme Court...

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Mifflin W. Gibbs

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pp. 115-117

Arkansas was the home to the first elected black municipal judge in the United States, M. W. Gibbs. In 1873 Mifflin Wistar Gibbs was elected Little Rock police judge, a post the Republican held for two years before being defeated in 1875, when Reconstruction came to an end and Democrats recaptured political power in the state. Though...

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Judge Isaac C. Parker

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pp. 118-120

Few individuals are better known in Arkansas history than U.S. District Judge Isaac Charles Parker of Fort Smith. Parker’s district covered western Arkansas and Indian Territory, and there was no more violent nor ruthless jurisdiction in the nation. For more than two decades Parker presided from the federal courthouse in Fort Smith...

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Scipio A. Jones

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pp. 121-124

Before his death in 1943, Scipio A. Jones was the foremost African American lawyer in Arkansas. He was also among the most prominent black leaders in the state and region. Scipio’s date and place of birth are not known. He was almost certainly the biological son of his mother’s owner, not an uncommon occurrence during the slave regime. His mother, along with other...

CHAPTER VI:Entrepreneurs

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pp. 125-126

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Nathan Warren

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pp. 127-128

Nathan Warren was a remarkable man. He not only survived as a free African American in antebellum Little Rock, he actually prospered. He was a businessman of considerable talent, a religious leader of note, and he had friends among both races in a time when racism ran rampant. Warren was born a slave in Maryland about...

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Scott Bond

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pp. 129-131

Scott Bond was one of those remarkable black men of the early twentieth century who rose above the obstacles of segregation to succeed. Bond not only succeeded, he became known as the “black Rockefeller of Arkansas.” Bond, who was born a slave in rural Mississippi about...

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Green Thompson

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pp. 132-135

Scott Bond was one of those remarkable black men of the early twentieth century who rose above the obstacles of segregation to succeed. Bond not only succeeded, he became known as the “black Rockefeller of Arkansas.” Bond, who was born a slave in rural Mississippi about...

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Conrad Elsken

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pp. 136-138

Arkansas never received the waves of German immigrants that flocked to such Midwestern states as Ohio and Illinois. Occasionally the state tried to entice Germans to settle in Arkansas. The Reconstruction government created a Bureau of Immigration and State Lands, and in...

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Ben Pearson

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pp. 139-142

Arkansas has been the home to a surprising number of very successful and innovative entrepreneurs. One of the most daringly successful Arkansas manufacturers was Ben Pearson, an internationally known pioneering maker of archery equipment and a resident of Pine Bluff. Ben Pearson was born November...

CHAPTER VII: Artists and Writers

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pp. 143-144

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Edward Payson Washbourne

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pp. 145-147

Edward Payson Washbourne was possibly the best-known artist in antebellum Arkansas. His painting Arkansas Traveler, based on Sanford C. Faulkner’s folktale, became a visual icon of Arkansas history soon after it was finished about...

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John Hallum

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pp. 148-150

John Hallum, a prominent Little Rock lawyer and writer, authored the first book-length history of Arkansas. Published in 1887 at 581 pages, Biographical and Pictorial History of Arkansas was not a true history of the state, in the sense that most of the book consisted of biographical sketches. But, still, it included a wealth of information not found...

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Alice French

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pp. 151-154

Arkansas has been the home of a remarkable number of writers of national reputation, perhaps none as well published as the stoutly built New England–born woman named Alice French, who wrote under the pen name of “Octave Thanet.” At the height of her career, from...

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Dionicio Rodriguez

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pp. 155-157

When thinking of the Hispanic impact on Arkansas history, most Arkansans probably think of the sixteenth-century explorer Hernando de Soto. As the first European to explore what is now Arkansas, de Soto deserves his historical standing. However, more Arkansans ought to know and appreciate the obscure Dionicio Rodriguez...

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Brewer Family

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pp. 158-160

No family contributed more to the history of Arkansas art than the Brewer clan of Little Rock and elsewhere. That three generations of Brewers could make their livings as artists in Arkansas spoke well for the arts in a relatively small southern capital city. The earliest of the Brewer artists was Nicholas R. Brewer, who was...

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Vance Randolph

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pp. 161-164

Until his death in 1980, Vance Randolph was the dean of Ozark folklorists. Although he was not actually of academia, he operated around the edges of the University of Arkansas and his reputation in academia has continued to grow. Randolph spent most of his long life tramping around in the...

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Miss Lily Peter

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pp. 165-168

Miss Lily Peter of Phillips County was among a select group of renaissance women in Arkansas. Before her death in 1991, at the age of 100, Miss Lily, as she was called by everyone who knew her, was known far and wide as a pioneering woman farmer, an environmentalist before it became popular to be one, a supporter of the arts, and a poet...

CHAPTER VIII: Education, Science,and Medicine

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pp. 169-170

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Dr. Charles McDermott

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pp. 171-173

Dr. Charles McDermott was one of those amazing Americans of the nineteenth century who could do just about anything. A prominent physician, founder of the town of Dermott, plantation owner, inventor, and tinkerer extraordinaire, McDermott was above all a visionary and dreamer. Had McDermott lived to witness the flight of the Wright...

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J. C. Corbin

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pp. 174-176

Joseph Carter Corbin of Pine Bluff was apparently the only black Arkansan to hold statewide public office. From 1872 to 1874 he was the state superintendent of public instruction. Corbin’s long career as the head of Branch Normal College in Pine Bluff, however, is what has earned him a place in Arkansas history. Born to free parents in 1833 in Chillicothe, Ohio, young Joseph was...

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Ida Joe Brooks

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pp. 177-179

In the summer of 1903, a very determined woman was packing her bags to leave Arkansas. Dr. Ida Joe Brooks of Little Rock had left Arkansas once already in order to get a medical degree, and in 1903 she had to leave once again to gain a specialty in psychiatry. By that point in her life, Dr. Brooks had already set many records and was on her way to becoming a renowned leader in Arkansas medical, social, and...

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Anna P. Strong

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pp. 180-182

Mrs. Anna P. Strong of Marianna, Lee County, was one of those black teachers who accomplished amazing feats in educating the masses of black children during the era of Jim Crow segregation. Working with only a fraction of the resources available to the segregated white schools, Strong and her colleagues managed to keep the school doors...

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Dr. William Baerg

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pp. 183-186

The late Dr. William J. Baerg, the founding professor in the entomology department at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, was well known for his work with spiders and tarantulas by the time he died in...

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Keller and Marian Breland

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pp. 187-189

Hot Springs has always been a major tourist attraction—whether for the curative powers of the naturally hot water, the widely accepted gambling and vice, or the beautiful scenery. “Visibly the town lives upon the stranger within its gates,” wrote Alice French, a popular writer who had a home in Lawrence County and who set an...

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Samuel Lee Kountz

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pp. 190-191

An African American physician from Arkansas who pioneered kidney transplant work in America, Dr. Samuel Lee Kountz died a lamentably early death. However, he packed a great deal of accomplishment into his short career. Born the son of a preacher and farmer in Lexa, Phillips County, in...

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Harold Alexander

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pp. 192-194

No man has played a more significant role in preserving the natural heritage of Arkansas than the late Harold Alexander of Conway. Harold was the moving force for stream preservation in the state, but he was much more than that. He was a warrior for the environment, a man who realized early on that words without action were meaningless...

CHAPTER IX: Entertainers and Performers

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pp. 195-196

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Scott Joplin

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pp. 197-199

Arkansas and Texas both claim Scott Joplin, the renowned composer of that distinctive American popular musical form known as ragtime. Solid historical data on Joplin are scarce, but the consensus today places his birth on a northeast Texas farm sometime between June...

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Norm McLeod

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pp. 200-203

Arkansas has always been a land of eccentrics. Many of these eccentrics were also among the state’s most valued contributors to business, politics, and culture. Would not most people who knew the late Paul Klipsch, the great sound engineer and businessman of Hope, agree that he was a wee odd? How about Dr. Charles McDermott, the man...

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Broncho Billy Anderson

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pp. 204-206

Arkansas’s contributions to the arts and entertainment are remarkably large and surprisingly well known. Everyone knows Arkansas native Glen Campbell, who has had a long and successful musical career. Early twentieth-century African American composer William Grant Still has been rediscovered, and his compositions are performed regularly...

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Lum and Abner

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pp. 207-209

In 1931 two Arkansans burst onto the national entertainment scene when the Lum and Abner Show radio program began broadcasting nationally. The show was set in the mythical town of Pine Ridge, Arkansas, but it was modeled on the settlement of Waters in the western part of Montgomery County. Broadcast from...

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Louis Jordan

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pp. 210-212

Louis Thomas Jordan, one of the most amazing Arkansans in the field of music, was born July 8, 1908, in Brinkley, Monroe County. Jordan was not only a popular and successful black entertainer but also an innovator whose work impacted more than one genre of modern American music. Jordan’s father, James Aaron Jordan, was leader of the Brinkley...

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Emma Dusenbury

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pp. 213-215

Polk County has had a major impact on American entertainment history. Everyone knows about Lum and Abner, the famed radio and movie comedy team from Mena, but only a few specialists know of a Polk Countian by the name of Emma Dusenbury. Vance Randolph, the premier student of Arkansas folklore, once called Emma “the greatest ballad...

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Hazel Walker

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pp. 216-218

A reasonable person could argue that Hazel Walker might just be the single greatest athlete in Arkansas history. And that is a high accolade given the wide range of nationally recognized athletes from this state. She was one of those amazing women of Arkansas history who has not received the public recognition she deserves—not yet at least...

CHAPTER X: Religious Leaders

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pp. 219-220

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Rev. Cephas Washburn

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pp. 221-223

The Reverend Cephas Washburn came to Arkansas in 1820 to minister to the Cherokee Indians who had been awarded a large reservation in northwest Arkansas. He established Dwight Mission near modern Russellville, which provided educational and religious instruction to tribal children before the Cherokees were moved into modern...

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Bishop Edward Fitzgerald

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pp. 224-227

While Arkansas has never had a large Catholic population nor held much sway within the Catholic Church, a nineteenth-century bishop of Little Rock gained international note for opposing the pope on a major theological issue. In...

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Rev. Hay Watson Smith

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pp. 228-231

The battle between theological conservatives and liberals has deep roots in Arkansas religious history. While it is undoubtedly true that most Arkansas religious leaders lean to the conservative side, exceptions have dotted the historical landscape from the beginning. One of the most liberal ministers of the gospel in Arkansas between the world...

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Rabbi Ira E. Sanders

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pp. 232-234

One of the most amazing religious leaders in Arkansas history is Reform Jewish Rabbi Ira E. Sanders of Little Rock’s Temple B’nai Israel. Over a tenure of thirty-seven years, and another twenty-two years as rabbi emeritus, Sanders was a mighty presence on both the religious and secular fronts. His pioneering work for social welfare brought about a more...

CHAPTER XI: Seers, Spiritualists,and Skeptics

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pp. 235-236

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Caroline Dye

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pp. 237-238

One of the paradoxes of the Jim Crow era of segregation was the allowance made for black female fortune tellers. “Aunt” Caroline Dye of Newport, Arkansas, was perhaps the most famous of these black clairvoyants. During...

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Lessie Stringfellow

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pp. 239-241

When Stephen Chism published his book The Afterlife of Leslie Stringfellow: A Nineteenth-Century Southern Family’s Experiences with Spiritualism, he shed light on a subject that has received little attention in Arkansas history. Spiritualism is usually traced back to the Swedish mining engineer...

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Bernie Babcock

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pp. 242-245

Julia Burnelle “Bernie” Babcock lived a very long and productive life. A writer, museum founder, and all-round character, Babcock left a large imprint on the history of Little Rock and Arkansas. Many people who knew only her name were surprised to meet Bernie and discover she was a woman. She was...

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Harold M. Sherman

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pp. 246-248

One of the most remarkable men of Arkansas history was Harold Sherman, a writer, a playwright, an authority on extrasensory perception and the paranormal in general, a community activist and promoter, and a man with vast energy and personal appeal. Working in a small backroom study in their rustic home about ten miles south of...

CHAPTER XII: Eccentrics, Frauds,and the Inexplicable

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pp. 249-250

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William Hope “Coin” Harvey

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pp. 251-253

While Bill Clinton was the first Arkansan elected president, he was certainly not the only resident of the state nominated for the highest office in the land. In August 1931 William Hope “Coin” Harvey of Benton County was selected as the Liberty Party nominee for president. While his quixotic campaign barely made a blip on the political radar, it was...

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King Crowley

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pp. 254-257

Archeological fakery is probably as old as archeology itself. In Italy, one can even tour a museum dedicated to faked artwork, and the Piltdown Man artifacts of England were not exposed for forty years after their much-heralded discovery in...

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Old Mike

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pp. 258-260

One of the more macabre episodes in Arkansas history took place in the small town of Prescott, the county seat of Nevada County. On the morning of August 21, 1911, an unidentified man was found dead in Prescott City Park. For the next sixty-four years the body lay unclaimed in a local mortuary, all the while on public display...

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Dr. John R. Brinkley

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pp. 261-263

Located a few miles south of Little Rock on Arch Street Pike stands a majestic building that has had a remarkably diverse history. The large stone structure was built in the 1920s by the Shriners as a country club, but it failed and later became a Roman Catholic Carmelite Monastery. Between the Shriners and the Catholics, however, the building was...

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Ted Richmond

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pp. 264-266

Throughout its history, Arkansas has been a land in which eccentrics and characters are amazingly common. Ted Richmond, of rural Newton County, would have to be considered among the elite of community oddballs. In Richmond’s case, Arkansas had a man with a mission to provide books for his isolated Ozark neighbors, an eccentricity...


E-ISBN-13: 9781610753999
E-ISBN-10: 1610753992
Print-ISBN-13: 9781557289278
Print-ISBN-10: 1557289271

Page Count: 282
Illustrations: 17 photographs
Publication Year: 2010