Long Is the Way and Hard
One Hundred Years of the NAACP
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Arkansas Press
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The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People is the oldest, largest, and most influential civil rights organization in the United States. For one hundred years, it has pursued a straightforward yet exceedingly difficult goal: to ensure that African Americans are...
The NAACP in Historiographical Perspective
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If the spirits of the 1909 founders of the NAACP were able to look down on the Association in its centenary year they would have found much to celebrate. From humble beginnings in the early 1900s, by the start of the twenty-first century the Association embraced a nation-wide network of...
I. The NAACP at the National Level
1. âAll Shadows Are Darkâ: Walter White, Racial Identity, and National Politics
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WHEN WALTER WHITE died in 1955 after twenty-five years as executive secretary of the NAACP, commentators both within and outside the African American community reflected upon his career and speculated about his legacy. The Chicago Defender went so far as to say, âFifty...
2. In Harlem and Hollywood: The NAACP's Cultural Campaigns, 1910-1950
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A 1925 PRESS RELEASE for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People outlined the organizationâs main activities for that year. They were listed under the following headings: âSegregation, Legal Defense, Lynching, Disenfranchisement, Discrimination, and [the]...
3. âA Gigantic Battle to Win Menâs Mindsâ: The NAACP's Public Relations Department and Post-Brown Propadanda
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ON FEBRUARY 1, 1959, NBC-TV anchorman Chester âChetâ Huntley went on air to make a series of startling comments on the state of southern race relations. âThe NAACP may have outlived itself,â he pronounced. Believing that ânever in history has society been changed by...
4. Leading from the Back: Roy Wilkins's Leadership of the NAACP
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A NUMBER OF RECENT works have begun to reassess the contribution of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to the civil rights movement in a more positive light than the impression left by its critics, particularly during the late 1960s, would suggest.1 ...
5. Uneasy Alliance: The NAACP and Martin Luther King
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THE NAACP HAS never worked comfortably with charismatic figures. It feuded with Marcus Garvey in the Associationâs early years, and in the 1940s, it was worried first about A. Philip Randolphâs all-black March on Washington Movement and then, about the impact of both Paul Robesonâs...
6. The NAACP and the Challenges of 1960s Radicalism
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DURING THE SECOND half of the 1960s the national leadership of the NAACP had to contend with mounting opposition to the war in Vietnam and growing calls for âBlack Powerâ from within the civil rights movement. Their response was to seek to distance the Association from those...
II. The NAACP at the State, City, and Local Levels
7. The Falls Church Colored Citizens Protective League and the Establishment of Virginiaâs First Rural Branch of the NAACP
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FALLS CHURCH IS located in Fairfax County, Virginia, a county recognized today as one of the wealthiest in the country. According to census reports for 2003, the median household income in the county was over $80,000.00, nearly double the national median income for that same year.1...
8. âTo Hope Till Hope Createsâ: The NAACP in Alabama, 1913-1945
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ON THE EVE of the First World War Alabama hardly constituted the most fertile soil for the growth of the early NAACP. A Deep South location and a record of racial violence and discrimination that was matched by few other former Confederate states were formidable obstacles...
9. âItâs Worth One Dollar to Get Rid of Usâ: Middle-Class Persistence and the NAACP in Louisiana, 1915-1945
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THE NAACP HAS been primarily seen as a political and civil rights organization over the century of its existence and, indeed, it has had a remarkably consistent message of equality and integration. However, during the 1920s through to the war years the NAACP underwent an...
10. âIn No Event Shall a Negro Be Eligibleâ: The NAACP Takes on the Texas All-White Primary, 1923-1944
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SINCE THE TURN of the twentieth century, Texas blacks had been barred from voting in the Democratic primary by popular consensus, Democratic Party rules, and (from 1923 to 1927) state statutes. The Democratic Party was an organization for whites only. ...
11. Tensions in the Relationship between Local and National NAACP Branches: The Example of Detroit, 1919-1941
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IN THE SUMMER of 1933, Walter White, then executive secretary of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, paid a visit to Detroit, speaking at a meeting sponsored by a senior member of the local NAACP, Snow F. Grigsby.1 However, this speech was not given to a meeting of the NAACP. ...
12. The Chicago NAACP: A Century of Challenge, Triumph, and Inertia
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ON THE EVE of the civil rights revolution of the 1960s, the Chicago branch of the NAACP had, by and large, successfully attempted and completed fifty-odd years of essential service to Chicagoâs African American community and to the cause of civil rights.1 Recognition of this civic...
13. The NAACP in California,1914â1950
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WITHIN FIVE YEARS of its founding, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People had established branches in California. Over the next forty years, and beyond, these chapters provided an unbroken organizational response to discrimination and prejudice in the state. ...
14. âYour Work Is the Most Important, but without Branches There Can Be No National Workâ: Cleveland's Branch of the NAACP, 1929-1968
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OF THE ONE thousand or so branches that were affiliated with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1945, Clevelandâs might be construed as one of the more curious.1 Recognized as one of the Associationâs largest by the postwar years, the branch was...
15. âThey Say . . . New York Is Not Worth a Dââto Themâ: The NAACP in Arkansas, 1918-1971
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IN 1949, THE fledgling NAACP Arkansas State Conference of branches (ASC), founded just four years earlier, was in crisis. NAACP regional secretary Donald Jones invited the president of the ASC, Pine Bluff attorney William Harold Flowers, to resign or face expulsion because of alleged financial improprieties.1 ...
A Chronology of the NAACP
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Page Count: 330
Publication Year: 2009