The Changing Face of World Cities
Young Adult Children of Immigrants in Europe and the United States
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright
Table of Contents
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This book has traveled a long way since its inception. It began, in a sense, in 1998 when the University of Amsterdam invited John Mollenkopf to spend a month as Wibaut Chair visiting professor. Seeking out colleagues then working on immigrant immigration issues in Amsterdam...
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Demographic change in Europe can be described accurately with three key terms: fewer, older, more diverse. According to Eurostat, the European Union’s statistical office, the number of people aged fifteen to sixty-four in the European Union will decline by 50 million between now and...
Part 1. Introduction
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Chapter 1. The Second Generation
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The children of immigrants are central to the future of the large cities of western Europe and the United States and of the countries surrounding these cities.1 Not only do young people from immigrant backgrounds make up a large and growing share of their populations...
Chapter 2. Legacies of the Past
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The present, it is often said, is a product of the past, and nowhere is this truer than in contemporary studies of the second generation. On both sides of the Atlantic, debates about the children of immigrants and the themes studied have been strongly affected by legacies of the past...
Chapter 3. National Conceptions of Assimilation, Integration, and Cohesion
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Models of incorporation provide the touchstones for social science research on immigration, offering hypotheses to guide empirical analysis. These models address the following central questions: How will immigrants and their children, the second generation, shed their...
Part 2. Results
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Chapter 4. Success Against All Odds
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Scholars have given considerable attention to the educational pathways of the new second generation, the children of immigrants to the United States and western Europe who came of age at the turn of the twenty-first century. Social scientists on both sides of the Atlantic...
Chapter 5. Entering the Labor Market
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Finding a good foothold in the labor market is a crucial test for the second generation in western Europe and the United States. In recent years, as large numbers of the children of immigrants have come of age and embarked on their careers, we can begin to see what place they will occupy...
Chapter 6. Immigrants' Daughters and the Labor Market
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The previous chapter gave a broad analysis of labor market outcomes for the second generation. This one looks specifically at how the daughters of immigrants fare in the labor markets of different countries. Building on feminist critiques of the welfare state literature, we argue that welfare state...
Chapter 7. Neighborhoods and Perceptions of Disorder
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The post-1960 influx of immigrants and the coming of age of their children have made the neighborhoods of the big immigrant-receiving cities in the United States and western Europe increasingly more diverse in ethnic terms (Logan and Zhang 2010). And yet, despite the growing...
Chapter 8. Citizenship and Participation
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The issue of citizenship is central to all other debates about the membership, belonging, and integration of immigrants and their children. Everyone who has citizenship from birth is inalienably entitled to full political, legal, and civic rights. Acquiring citizenship through naturalization...
Chapter 9. Belonging
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Feelings of belonging or of being at home are difficult to grasp in surveys because how one feels about one’s identity depends so much on the context. The enactment of identity and identities is situational, depending on who one is interacting with, when, and where...
Part 3. Transatlantic Comparison
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Chapter 10. Challenges and Opportunities
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Over the last fifty years, the major cities in western Europe and the United States have developed many ways of integrating immigrants and their children into their social, economic, and political fabric. This creates an opportunity to compare outcomes for similarly positioned...
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Page Count: 324
Publication Year: 2012