Racial and Gender Segregation in Private Sector Employment Since the Civil Rights Act
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
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List of Tables and Figures
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About the Authors
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...Kevin Stainback is associate professor of sociology at Purdue University. Donald Tomaskovic-Devey is professor of sociology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst...
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...both understanding the value of the EEO-1 data as a research tool and figuring out how to gain access to them. At the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), Ronald Edwards and Bliss Cartwright have been consistently supportive of our inquiries about the data and production of research. For the last ten years or so, the EEOC has allowed restricted...
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...the Civil Rights Act. Although it was not the first or the last legislative moment of the civil rights movement, it was a pivotal one. The act outlawed segregation and discrimination by race, ethnicity, and religion in public education, public accommodations, voting, and federal assistance. Title...
Part I. National Equal Opportunity Politics
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Chapter 1. Documenting Desegregation
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...status-based employment discrimination. Its passage has been praised as one of the central moments in the extension of social, economic, and political rights to all adult citizens in the United States. Ironically, it also stands, historically, as one of the U.S. government’s most controversial...
Chapter 2. Hyper-Segregation in the Pre–Civil Rights Period
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...segregation was deeply institutionalized in U.S. workplaces. During this historical moment, people in the United States understood that white men would occupy the most desirable jobs and hold authority over other groups. It was also assumed that women of all races and nonwhites of all...
Chapter 3. The Era of Uncertainty, 1966 to 1972
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...segregation as a reaction to the civil rights movement, the passage of fair employment practice laws in many northern and western states, and President Kennedy’s 1961 executive order admonishing federal contractors take affirmative action in the hiring of African Americans. We now examine...
Chapter 4. The Short Regulatory Decade, 1972 to 1980
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...became much more clearly defined and active. The women’s movement emerged as a powerful political force. In response, Congress and the courts made clear that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act prohibited “sex”- based discrimination and segregation in employment. Companies now...
Chapter 5. Desegregation in the Neoliberal Era, 1980 to 2005
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...changed again; the EEOC and OFCCP were instructed to back off their enforcement mission, and whatever proactive commitment to equal opportunity that had once emanated from the executive branch ceased. While Reagan was blocked by a Democratic Congress from completely...
Part II. Local Inequality Regimes
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Chapter 6. Local Labor Market Competition and New Status Hierarchies
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...dramatically by both demographic status and historical period. In this chapter, we document regional convergences in the patterns of segregation and access to good-quality jobs. When the civil rights movement was at its peak, it represented in part a struggle between the South and the rest of...
Chapter 7. Sector and Industry Segregation Trajectories
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...services, with distinct mixes of technology, divisions of labor, and market structure. In this chapter, we investigate the distribution of desegregation patterns across sectors of the economy and in different industries. Largescale shifts in the nature of production are reflected in the sectors of the...
Chapter 8. Contemporary Workplace Dynamics
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...environments on workplace equal employment opportunity trajectories. In most approaches to organizational dynamics, it is such environmental factors that motivate firms to adjust their behavior. Capitalism, for example, is a dynamic economic system. That dynamism is thought to arise...
Chapter 9. National to Local Segregation Trajectories
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...action produces local stories and understandings that over time accumulate into behaviors, trajectories of social change, or periods of equilibrium. These narratives are both material, embodied in practices, relationships, organizations, and the like, and cultural, retold as stories of what is natural...
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Page Count: 412
Publication Year: 2012