Evangelicals and Democracy in America
Religion and Society
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright Page
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About the Authors
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Steven Brint is professor of sociology at the University of California, Riverside, director of the Colleges & Universities 2000 study, and Associate Dean of the College of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences...
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In the thirty years since the rise of the Christian Right, evangelicals have been at the center of a revived religious presence in Americaâs political life and social institutions. Their wealth and influence have expanded dramatically, and they have reentered the halls of power. Other religious conservativesânotably Catholics and Mormons but also some mainline Protestantsâhave been drawn into the political and cultural alliance they lead. Nearly every sphere of American life has been...
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The focus of this chapter is evangelical Protestantism as religion, which I consider through the lens of cultural capital. This is not the language that evangelical Protestants themselves would use. Nor is it a concept that lends itself readily to the study of evangelical Protestantism without some clarification. Among sociologists of culture, whose view of culture has necessarily been broadened enough to include all kinds of beliefs and values, the concept of cultural capital has...
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Observers of American religion in the early twenty-first century, like observers two centuries earlier, are often struck by this countryâs religious abundance and diversity (de Tocqueville1835). With at least one in four adult Americans attending religious services on a given weekend, religious participation in one of the countryâs more than 350,000 local congregations provides a broad populist base...
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For many of those who observe it closely, the current state of conservative Protestantism in the United States is a source of considerable shock. For political liberals, the shock derives from the strength of the movement (Habermas 2006; Taylor 2006). They wonder why the United States is not a normal country, like, say, England or Holland, countries in which religious belief is much quieter, and churchgoing much rarer. For religious conservatives, on the other hand,...
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Many journalists and pundits rediscovered the political impact of religion in the 2004 presidential election. For one thing, they noted a strong vote for George W. Bush from white evangelical Protestants. But at the same time they found a strong backing for the Republicans from voters who reported attending worship services once a week or more often, a phenomenon called the religion gap or God gap.Both these patterns appeared to be central to Bushâs campaign strategy...
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Most people have normative beliefs about what constitutes masculine and feminine, even if they have not given much conscious thought to the question (Duerst-Lahti and Kelly 1995, 16â17). These beliefs generally fall into two camps: those, often religious traditionalists, who believe in sharp divisions between male and female roles, and those who believe that both men and women can take on many different roles. Gender ideology not only shapes beliefs about...
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Many people have heard the phrase, sometimes attributed to Martin Luther King Jr., that from eleven to twelve on a Sunday morning is the most segregated hour in America. Fewer may know that at least since the 1960s, some evangelical Protestant leaders and publicists have promoted racial reconciliation. Nurtured at first by three African American religious figures who were willing to identify with the primarily white-associated term evangelical, the promotion of...
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Charles Taylor defines the public sphere as âa common space in which the members of society are deemed to meet through a variety of media: print, electronic, and also face-to-face encounters; to discuss matters of common interest; and thus to be able to form a common mind about theseâ (1995, 185â86). The public sphere in liberal democratic societies exists to promulgate the values of the public, which can be communicated to the elites who lead us. That is, we have public...
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Social scientists refer to the first demographic transition as the decline in fertility associated with the shift from agricultural to industrial production. In this chapter, I discuss a second demographic transition, unfolding over the last half century in the United States (as in most other advanced industrial countries), which is characterized by a decline in the social power, functions, and moral authority of the nuclear family. I argue that this second transition (or revolution)...
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In the works of prominent democratic theorists, conservative and evangelical Protestants are sometimes seen as a potential threat to a healthy democracy. One of the more visible and debated aspects of this threat are the curriculum challenges to public schools and the nature of conservative Protestant schools (Binder 2002; McLaren 1987). Democratic theorists are alarmed by the conservative religious parentâs view of education and support public education in part out of concern...
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There is much in popular culture for theologically and politically conservative Christians to object to. The primary objection is to sex, violence, and profanity in the entertainment media.1 Media content objected to on these grounds can range from full-blown pornography to comedy...
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Strange as it may seem today, in the mid-1960s, the Harvard theologian Harvey Cox wrote a bestseller, The Secular City, advancing the thesis that the United States was in transition âfrom the age of Christendomâ to a ânew era of urban secularityâ (1966, 235). The emerging new age might be so secular...
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Page Count: 384
Publication Year: 2011
Volume Title: Religion and Society