How New Immigrants Do in American Schools, Jobs, and Neighborhoods
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
ABOUT THE AUTHORS
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WE OWE a substantial debt of gratitude to several organizations and individuals for help in bringing this effort into print.The Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch of the Eunice Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R01 HD37054 “Immigration and Early Life Course Transitions”) supported our work with the analysis of High ...
Chapter 1. Introduction
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THE FACES of new arrivals to our shores, ports, and cities reinforce the selfimage of the United States as a country of immigration. At the same time, this newest wave of immigrants brings challenges and opportunities. In the eyes of some observers, it challenges key values of American society. For others, it reinforces those values. For some, it strengthens the economy; for ...
Chapter 2. A Tidal Wave of Immigration? The Scale of the Contemporary Immigration Flow
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THE UNITED States is typically characterized as a nation of immigrants. More than 70 million people were counted as immigrants to the United States between 1820 and 2005 (U.S. Department of Homeland Security 2005). But how large is the current immigration flow to the United States, and how does it compare across historical periods? This chapter examines the trends ...
Chapter 3. Revisiting Assimilation Theory
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EVEN AS the United States has continued to admit substantial numbers of immigrants in recent decades, scholarly discussion has raised questions not only about how well these new arrivals are doing, but also what theoretical framework would best underpin our understanding of their relative success. In this chapter we examine this discussion about the progress of immigrants ...
Chapter 4. Immigration and Immigrant Policy
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IMMIGRATION IS one of the few areas of population change where governments can actively intervene to control or direct population. High-income societies—western Europe, Canada, Australia, Japan, and the United States—make rules about who gets in. Equally important, rules about admission also determine the composition of the immigrant flow. In this chapter ...
Chapter 5. School: Educational Attainment of Immigrants and the Second Generation
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FOR THE individual, educational attainment is a key determinant of future economic mobility in the United States (Becker and Tomes 1986; Blau and Duncan 1967). Certainly, our conventional American dream is predicated, in part, on the notion that universal access to education is a hallmark of opportunity. In the case of minority groups, education, often in combination ...
Chapter 6. Work: Labor Market Achievement
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THE QUESTION of how well immigrants do is often answered with an evaluation of the labor force experience and earnings of the foreign born. Of all the areas of immigrant adaptation that generate concern in the policy realm, labor market performance has received perhaps the most attention and research.1 Much of the economic focus has been on the relative performance ...
Chapter 7. Neighborhood: Residential Assimilation of Immigrants and Ethnic Groups
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PATTERNS OF neighboring give us a particularly clear window into the process of adaptation, adjustment, and assimilation of immigrants and ethnic groups in American society. Although violent confrontation is relatively rare, tension over who lives next door speaks of the visceral importance of neighborhood in American society. Who one’s neighbors are is important ...
Chapter 8. Conclusion: Immigrant Assimilation and Social Policy
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PERHAPS ONE of the most enduring images of American culture is that of near-penniless immigrants arriving at Ellis Island and, through dint of hard work, clambering their way up the ladder of success in the land of opportunity. No one doubts the power of this image, but how accurate is it? Do those who now come through the nation’s jetways or across the land border match ...
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Page Count: 236
Publication Year: 2011