They Say Cutback, We Say Fight back!
Welfare Activism in an Era of Retrenchment
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright, Foundation Information, Rose Series Information, Previous Volumes, Forthcoming volumes
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About the Author
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Chapter 1. Welfare Reform and Its Challengers
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Many books about the politics of welfare reform in the United States provide a top-down perspective. They tend to focus on the role that political, cultural, and economic elites have played in pushing for welfare reforms and in shaping the design of federal welfare reform acts—in particular, the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA).2 Similarly, both feminist and race-centered scholarship on welfare reform highlight the influence...
Chapter 2. Policy Implementation as Policymaking: The Case of U.S. Welfare Reform
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The passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996, justified through all sorts of negative stereotypes of the poor, represented a massive defeat at the national level for welfare rights advocates. At the same time, the provision of state and local discretion over the design and implementation of welfare reform policies directed energy towards state and local campaigns. Thus, while federal welfare policies have historically pro-...
Chapter 3. Challenging Welfare Racism: Cross-Racial Coalitions to Restore Legal Immigrants’ Benefits
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In 1996, as mounting attacks on welfare recipients coincided with a backlash against immigrants, Congress denied federal public assistance to most legal non-citizen immigrants for their first five years in the country through the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA).3 This new rule applied to all four major public assistance programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families...
Chapter 4. Battling the Welfare Profiteers: Campaigns Against Welfare Privatization
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Scholars on “mixed governance” point to various forces that have contributed to support for the privatization of welfare and other social services in wealthy democratic countries since the 1980s. Declining tax bases and increased demands for state services, especially specialized services, put pressure on states to contract out services to
Chapter 5. Confronting the Workfare State: Community and Labor Campaigns for Workfare Workers’ Rights
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The expansion of welfare-to-work programs alarmed both union and welfare rights activists. They feared that welfare-to-work participants would become extremely exploited workers and that governments and other employers would use them to displace and erode the bargaining strength of higher-paid unionized workers. To address the problems
Chapter 6. But Who Will Watch the Children? State and Local Campaigns to Improve Child Care Policies
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In addition to sparking campaigns over workfare workers’ rights, the implementation of new welfare-to-work requirements also gave new life to long-standing struggles over policies that regulated the care of children. This chapter examines three types of struggles over child care policies that ensued in Wisconsin and California in the wake of welfare...
Chapter 7. Challenges and Prospects for the Welfare Rights Movement
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As other scholars have shown, the design of U.S. welfare policies, including those governing welfare-to-work programs, reflects the influence of dominant-class interests and ideologies: minimizing the redistribution of income, keeping the wage floor low, reinforcing the work ethic, normalizing forced work, and creating legal challenges for the enforcement of federal labor laws.1 Scholars have also documented how...
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Page Count: 288
Publication Year: 2011