Ethnic Solidarity for Economic Survival
Korean Greengrocers in New York City
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title, Copyright Page
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About the Author
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Many people and organizations assisted me in a number of ways in collecting and analyzing data and writing this manuscript, and I would like to acknowledge the roles they played in completing this book project. First of all, I owe many...
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When members of a particular immigrant group concentrate in a particular trade, depend heavily on nonethnic suppliers, and serve exclusively nonethnic customers, they usually have a high level of business-related conflicts...
2. Immigration, Settlement Patterns, and Backgrounds
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This chapter describes Korean immigrants in New York City in terms of their immigration and settlement patterns and socioeconomic and religious backgroundsâthe context for the business-related intergroup conflicts and reactive solidarity...
3. Concentration in Retail and Service Businesses
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Here I outline background information about Korean businesses in New York, specifically, the high self-employment among immigrants, changes over time in that rate, the clustering of Korean businesses in particular industrial categories...
4. Conflicts and Ethnic Collective Action
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Korean-owned produce stores are similar to Korean-owned grocery stores in that both sell food-related items. Korean greengrocers, however, were subject to more discrimination and greater physical violence by suppliers because...
5. Black Boycotts and Reactive Solidarity [Contains Image Plates]
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The Korean Produce Association (KPA) was more concerned with black boycotts than any other Korean trade association in New York City, primarily because produce stores were targets of five of the seven long-term boycotts...
6. Latino Conflicts and Reactive Solidarity
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Korean immigrant merchants have depended heavily on Latino employees and prefer them, both documented and undocumented, to African American workers mainly because they are cheap and reliable. This means that, like other business...
7. KPA Activities and Services
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The Korean Produce Association (KPA) was established as a friendship and mutual aid organization (Sangjohe) among Korean greengrocers. It has organized many activities to facilitate fellowship and friendship networks among...
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Because Korean immigrant merchants have used ethnic collective action mainly through their trade associations, it is effective for a systematic examination to focus on a particular association. As shown throughout this volume...
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Page Count: 216
Publication Year: 2011