The Diversity Paradox
Immigration and the Color Line in Twenty-First Century America
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright Page
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About the Authors
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Part 1. Historical Background, Theoretical Framework, and Sociodemographic Context
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1. Introduction: Immigration and the Color Line in America
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On November 4, 2008, the United States elected Barack Obama president, elevating an African American to the country’s highest office for the first time. Because Obama’s rise illustrates how far the United States has come from the days when blacks were denied the right to vote, when schools and water fountains000
2. Theoretical Perspetives on Color Lines in the United States
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At the beginning of the twentieth century, when W. E. B. Du Bois famously proclaimed that “the problem of the twentieth-century [will be] the problem of the color line,” (1903/1997, 45), there was little ambiguity about the state of U.S. race relations. So rigid and powerful was the black-white color line that...
3. What Is This Person's Race? The Census and the Construction of Racial Categories
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At its inception more than two centuries ago, in 1790, the decennial census began the process of counting the American population by race, setting the stage for the national institutionalization of racial status and the color line during the postindependence era of slavery, and race has remained a classification category...
4. Immigration and the Geography of the New Ethnoracial Diversity
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More immigrants come to the United States than to any other country in the world (Brown and Bean 2005). According to the American Community Survey, by the year 2008, the foreign-born population in the United States exceeded thirty-eight million, and their native-born children were nearly as numerous...
Part 2. Individual Experiences of Diversity: From Multieraciality to Multiracial Identification
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5. The Cultural Boundaries of Ethnoracial Status and Intermarriage
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As early as 1941, Kingsley Davis and Robert K. Merton studied patterns of intermarriage as a way of measuring the social distance between groups and, in 1964, Milton M. Gordon extended this line of research by relating intermarriage to assimilation. Gordon theorized that because intermarriage follows...
6. What About the Children? Interracial Families and Ethnoracial Identification
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The family, both nuclear and extended, is an important site of ethnoracial identity formation, since cultural traditions and identities are first learned in the home (Alba 1990). When both parents share the same ethnoracial background, there is little discrepancy about how the parents will choose to identify their...
7. Who Is Multiracial? The Cultural Reproduction of the One-Drop Rule
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As noted earlier, the 2000 census allowed Americans to mark “one or more” races to indicate their racial identification. This landmark change in the way the census has measured race was significant not only because it represented official recognition of racial mixing in the United States but also because it validated...
8. From Racial to Ethnic Status: Claiming Ethnicity Through Culture
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In an oft-cited passage about group boundaries, the social anthropologist
Fredrik Barth (1969, 15) noted:
The critical focus of investigation from this point of view becomes the ethnic boundary that defines the group, not the cultural stuff that it encloses. The boundaries to which we must give our attention are of course social...
Part 3. the Empirical and Policy Significance of Diversity: Generalization and Paradox
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9. Ethnoracial Diversity, Minority-Group Threat, and Boundary Dissolution: Clarifying the Diversity Paradox
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The quantitative findings presented in the preceding chapters based on data from the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses and the 2007 and 2008 American Community Surveys (ACS) reveal that recent immigration has fueled population growth among Latinos and Asians in the United States, which has led to an...
10. Conclusion: The Diversity Paradox and Beyond (Plus Ca Change, Plus C'est la Meme Chose)
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We opened this book with W. E. B. Du Bois’s prediction, “The problem of the twentieth-century will be the problem of the color line—the relation of the darker to the lighter races of men” (Du Bois 1903/1997, 45). Since Du Bois made this forecast, in 1903, the United States has undertaken major...
Appendix: Methodological Appendix
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Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 2010