Mexican Immigration in the United States
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
TItle Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Mexican immigration to the United States—the oldest and largest uninterrupted migratory flow to this country—is in the midst of a fundamental transformation. This book is concerned with a central dimension of this change: the rise of new destinations of settled Mexican immigration. During the late 1980s and throughout the 1990s, Mexicans established new settlements in nontraditional...
CHAPTER 1. THE NEW GEOGRAPHY OF MEXICAN IMMIGRATION
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Mexican immigration has never been spread evenly across the United States. Historically, a few key states, mostly in the southwest, attracted the large majority of immigrants from Mexico. This pattern of regional concentration was partly a matter of geography, of course. The four states that border Mexico—California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas— naturally assumed greater importance...
PART I: PROCESSES OF IMMIGRANT COMMUNITY FORMATION AND ECONOMIC INCORPORATION
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CHAPTER 2. THE GREAT PLAINS MIGRATION:MEXICANOS AND LATINOS IN NEBRASKA
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At first glance, Nebraska meets the definition of a new destination for Mexican migration. A combination of forces converging toward the end of the 1980s culminated in an unprecedented growth of the state’s Latino population. However, as we take stock of what is “new,” it is important not to lose sight of what is old...
CHAPTER 3. RURAL INDUSTRY AND MEXICAN IMMIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT IN NORTH CAROLINA
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Sometime during the early 1990s, while I was conducting studies of workers and work in the Midwest and mid-Atlantic states, a labor contractor who moved work crews among southern states for agricultural harvests told me that he refused to take crews north of the North Carolina– Virginia line...
CHAPTER 4. THE ECONOMIC INCORPORATIONOF MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS IN SOUTHERN LOUISIANA: A TALE OF TWO CITIES
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By the end of the twentieth century, the United States had witnessed dramatic demographic changes. Among these were shifts in immigration. Since 1965, more than twenty million migrants have entered the United States, more than the largest wave entering between 1880 and 1914 (U.S. Department of Justice 1997)...
PART II: LOCAL IMPACTS AND REACTIONS FROM ESTABLISHED RESIDENTS
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CHAPTER 5. BRIDGING THE COMMUNITY: NATIVISM,ACTIVISM, AND THE POLITICS OF INCLUSION IN A MEXICAN SETTLEMENT IN PENNSYLVANIA
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“Migration changes things” is at once a truism and yet a vast understatement. Current estimates suggest that approximately 2.3 percent of the world’s population consists of labor migrants (Andreas and Snyder 2000), a number so small that it is statistically insignificant, yet the influence these mobile laborers have on their sending and receiving communities is remarkable...
CHAPTER 6. “LATINOS HAVE REVITALIZED OUR COMMUNITY”:MEXICAN MIGRATION AND ANGLO RESPONSES IN MARSHALLTOWN, IOWA
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Marshalltown, Iowa, is a typical new destination community for Mexican migrants in the United States. This midwestern community of twenty-six thousand has been fundamentally transformed and revitalized by rapid growth in its Mexican population over the last ten years. In 1990, there were only 248 people of Hispanic...
CHAPTER 7. RECENT MEXICAN MIGRATION IN THE RURAL DELMARVA PENINSULA: HUMAN RIGHTS VERSUS CITIZENSHIP RIGHTS IN A LOCAL CONTEXT
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The isolated peninsula containing Delaware and the Eastern Shore (of the Chesapeake Bay) portions of Maryland and Virginia saw an explosive growth in Mexican and other Latino immigrant residents from 1990 to 2000. The Latino immigrant population grew several hundred percentage points in key counties and more than 1,000 percent in several towns, increasing from tiny absolute numbers...
PART III: INTERGROUP RELATIONS:CONFLICT AND ACCOMMODATION BETWEEN NEWCOMERS AND ESTABLISHED RESIDENTS
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CHAPTER 8. THE SOCIOPOLITICAL DYNAMICS OF MEXICAN IMMIGRATION IN LEXINGTON,KENTUCKY, 1997 TO 2002: AN AMBIVALENT COMMUNITY RESPONDS
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Lexington, Kentucky, the metropolitan center of the Bluegrass Region— famous as “the Horse Capital of the World”—and a major tobacco- producing area of the United States, is currently in the process of receiving a major influx of Hispanic-Latino1 immigrants, about 90 percent of them from Mexico...
CHAPTER 9. RACIALIZATION AND MEXICANS IN NEW YORK CITY
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Writing in the 1930s, W. E. B. DuBois (1935/1977, 700) observed that poor southern whites got a “public, psychological wage” by being white that enabled them to feel superior to blacks despite the many commonalities in their material living conditions. Historian David Roediger (1991, 12) and others use DuBois’s insight to analyze...
CHAPTER 10. APPALACHIA MEETS AZTLAN:MEXICAN IMMIGRATION AND INTERGROUP RELATIONS IN DALTON, GEORGIA
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During the late twentieth century, Mexican immigration exploded in regions and localities of the United States with no prior history of Latino settlement. In no other region was this phenomenon more conspicuous than the South, where between 1990 and 2000 the Latino population nearly tripled. The arrival of thousands of Mexican and other Latin American newcomers has transformed the linguistic...
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2006