Trust in the Law
Encouraging Public Cooperation with the Police and Courts Through
Publication Year: 2002
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright
About the Authors
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Tom R. Tyler is University Professor of Psychology at New York University...
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The argument outlined in this volume is based on a study conducted in Oakland and Los Angeles, California, and is further supported by several...
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This book addresses issues of regulation and examines the role of outcomes, procedural justice, and trust in shaping public willingness to defer to legal authorities. We focus on the strategies that legal authorities can use to bring...
Part I. Strategies of Regulation
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THE PROBLEM of regulation becomes important whenever society and social authorities are responsible for enforcing rules that limit people's conduct. In our society...
Chapter 1. Gaining the Public's Acceptance of the Decisions of Legal Authorities
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OUR DISCUSSION of regulation begins with an issue of central concern to police officers and judges: the need to have their decisions accepted during personal...
Chapter 2. Theories and Strategies of Regulation
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REGARDLESS of whether legal authorities are providing help or regulating behavior, we can ask what it is they need from members of the public to be effective...
Chapter 3. The California Study of Personal Experiences with the Police and the Courts
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To EXAMINE the role of procedural justice and motive-based trust in activating intrinsic motivations, we focus in this chapter on the results of a study conducted...
Part II. The Psychology of Decision Acceptance
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WE HAVE set out two interrelated social motives-procedural justice and motive-based trust-as the foundation for our model of process-based regulation...
Chapter 4. Procedural Justice and Decision Acceptance
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THE SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL literature on justice suggests another reason besides desirability that people accept third-party decisions: the fairness of the process...
Chapter 5. Motive-Based Trust and Decision Acceptance
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THE SECOND social factor that may shape individuals' willing acceptance of the decisions of legal authorities is motive-based trust. Trust in a person's...
Chapter 6. The Overall Influence of Social Motives on Decision Acceptance
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TWO SOCIAL motives, procedural justice and motive-based trust, have been considered separately, and each has been shown to influence decision acceptance...
Part II. Societal Orientations and Personal Experiences
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INTERVIEWS in the California study focused on people's personal experiences with legal authorities. In our discussions up to this point we have been concerned with understanding...
Chapter 7. Societal Orientations: Legitimacy and Connections with Society
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OUR FIRST concern is with people's general orientation toward the law and legal authorities. Legitimacy reflects people's views about the degree to which...
Chapter 8. Societal Orientations and Reactions to Personal Experiences with Legal Authorities
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WE HAVE already examined the psychology underlying people's reactions during their personal experiences with legal authorities. We found that the behavior...
Chapter 9. Generalizing from Personal Experiences to Societal Orientations
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OUR FINAL concern is with the implications of personal experience for general societal orientations. People have to make decisions about what to do in the immediate...
Part IV. Ethnic Group Differences in Experiences with the Law
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IN DESIGNING the sample for the California survey, we focused on the race or ethnicity of the people we interviewed. The study was stratified to draw approximately equal...
Chapter 10. Ethnicity and Experiences with Legal Authorities
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BOTH ANECDOTAL and observation-based studies suggest that the police and the courts often subject the members of minority groups to biased treatment (Cole 1999)...
Chapter 11. Variations in the Psychology of Experience
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WHAT ROLE do procedural justice and motive-based trust play in gaining decision acceptance from individuals of different ethnicity?...
Chapter 12. Group Boundaries and Subgroup Identification
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THIS chapter, we examine two issues that arise in interactions between legal authorities and minority group members. The first is the consequence of dealing with an authority who...
Part V. Implications and Conclusions
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OUR DISCUSSION has focused on people's personal experiences with legal authorities, with the goal of understanding how police officers and judges...
Chapter 13. General Views About the Law and the Legal System
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JUST AS it is often assumed that the outcomes that people receive when they deal with specific police officers and judges shape their reactions to those encounters, it is often believed that instrumental issues, such as the cost of going to court, court delays, or...
Chapter 14. Implications for Policing
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THIS BOOK is not only about policing. Members of the public deal with both the police and the courts. However, as the findings of the studies reviewed suggest...
Chapter 15. Process-Based Regulation
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WE HAVE examined various strategies that the police and the courts can use to regulate people's behaviors. Our particular interest is in those behaviors...
Chapter 16. Psychological Jurisprudence
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THE PROCESS-BASED strategy of regulation that we advocate is one aspect of a more general strategy of psychological jurisprudence. Psychological jurisprudence is the...
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An alternative view is that people's feelings may become more positive when they have a good experience, and less positive when they have a bad experience. If so, then the key question is the mean level of experiencewhether most experiences...
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Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2002
Series Title: Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust