Generations of Exclusion
Mexican-Americans, Assimilation, and Race
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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About the Authors
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UCLAâs Mexican American Study Project is the ancestor of the study you hold in your hands. Born in the politically charged environment of the mid-1960s, the UCLA study was a massive effort to help put Mexican Americans on Americaâs social and political...
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In 1993, when UCLAâs historic Powell Library was being retrofitted to meet stricter earthquake codes, workers found numerous dusty boxes hidden behind a bookshelf in an unused basement room. The boxes contained the original survey questionnaires taken in 1965 and 1966 that...
2. Theoretical Background
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How ethnic groups are integrated in national societies and why they take particular paths are subjects of considerable debate. In the United States, the literature on their integration often revolves around a tension between assimilation and racialization perspectives...
3. The Mexican American Study Project
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The 1965 Mexican American Study Project was designed as the first comprehensive study to âdepict factually and analytically the present realities of life for Mexican Americans in our society.â1 Using the latest scientific methods at their disposal, Grebler, Moore, and GuzmÃ¡n...
4. The Historical Context
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At the time that Grebler, Moore, and GuzmÃ¡n were conducting their study, Mexican Americans were beginning to enter universities in significant numbers. These students, along with a tiny cadre of Mexican American professors, were beginning to question the prevailing...
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Today, according to most public opinion polls, education ranks as the most important issue facing Latinos.1 Despite sixty years of political and legal battles to improve the education of Mexican Americans, they continue to have the lowest average education levels and the highest high school dropout rates among major ethnic and racial groups in...
6. Economic Status
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No other issue regarding racial and ethnic divisions in the United States is as troubling as the lack of economic incorporation of some groups, most notably African Americans. The persistently low occupational level, income, and accumulated wealth of minorities...
7. Interethnic Relations
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Residential segregation and intermarriage have become primary indicators of the extent of social distance between race and ethnic groups. High levels of residential segregation and low levels of intermarriage mean that boundaries between groups are rigid, implying...
8. Culture and Language
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Mexican Americans are often believed to share particular cultural attributes associated with Mexican culture, such as the Spanish language, Catholicism, and pronatalist and patriarchal family orientations. These and other attributes are not only used to...
9. Ethnic Identity
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Modern understandings of ethnicity stress that ethnics or ethnic groups are created when members of society actively erect and sustain social boundaries between themselves and so-called others, often but not always on the basis of perceived cultural differences...
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Grebler, Moore, and GuzmÃ¡n blamed a âhistory of conflictâ for the limited Mexican American political involvement outside of New Mexico and south Texas. âNo other ethnic group,â they asserted, âhas labored under a similar handicap of hostility, mistrust and suspicion...
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The Mexican American experience requires that we look beyond the traditional assimilation versus race theories that have been based almost entirely on the European American and African American experiences. The well-known assimilation story, in its classic and modern...
Appendix A. Descriptive Statistics
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Appendix B. Multivariate Analyses
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Page Count: 416
Publication Year: 2008