Muslims in the United States
The State of Research
Publication Year: 2003
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
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THE September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C., and their consequences catalyzed a wide-ranging interest in Islam and in Muslim communities in America. The histories and current debates surveyed here are compelling and highly relevant not only to scholars but to a broader readership...
PART I: HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF MUSLIMS IN THE UNITED STATES
1. The Development of Ethno-Racial Muslim Communities in the United States
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MUSLIMS in North America come from many places, including the United States. Their histories are varied, and their identities diverse and changing. Processes of individual and community identity formation and change like those we are witnessing now in the United States are not new to followers of this major world...
2. Converging Histories in the Late Twentieth Century
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IF THE construction of the category of “Muslim” in the United States is relatively recent, the emergence of new religious and political spokespeople drawing American Muslims together at the end of the twentieth century is even more recent. The decision to become an American citizen orients new immigrants to the future of the United States and...
3. Historical Research Issues
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THREE sets of issues are most significant for further research and theory-building. First is the set of issues related to African American Muslims and their Islamic movements. Black Islamic legitimacy is often called into question by immigrant and other Muslims, yet they are a key group in the American context. Second, a survey of the...
PART II: CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH ISSUES
4. Contemporary American Muslim Identities
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IN THIS chapter, I discuss the range of Muslim identities and affiliations in the U.S. context and interactions among them. The American context now assumes greater importance in our story of Muslims. “All identity is constructed across difference,” wrote Stuart Hall (1987, 45), and the configurations of sameness and difference in the United States...
5. Muslims in the American Landscape
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THE IDENTITIES discussed in the last chapter can be displayed in private homes, work sites, schools, mosques, and a variety of public spaces. Some Muslims mark themselves as Muslim externally, wherever they may be. There are spaces in the United States that are marked as Islamic ones, especially mosques, and they have received much scholarly...
6. Islamic Discourses and Practices
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ISLAM is likely to continue, in some profound sense, as the core of many of the Muslim identities and affiliations being developed in the United States as Muslim Americans seek a moral imperative for their lives. This chapter reviews the literature on Islamic or religious law and sources and agents of authority among American Muslims, discussing...
7. Becoming American
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AMERICAN Muslims understand and practice Islam in ways inevitably and strongly shaped by the American context. I return here to the range of Muslim identities being developed in the United States and consider the extent to which they resist or reflect accommodation with or integration into American society. I explore...
PART III: FURTHER RESEARCH
8. Contemporary Research Agendas
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ALTHOUGH I have been suggesting all along the scholarly work that needs to be done, this chapter attempts a more general and theoretical overview of research agendas that will further knowledge about Muslims in the United States. I do this comparatively, first and very broadly by contrasting the state of research on Muslims...
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Page Count: 216
Publication Year: 2003