Families That Work
Policies for Reconciling Parenthood and Employment
Publication Year: 2003
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
Title Page, Copyright
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About the Authors
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1. Introduction: The Conflicts Between Earning and Caring
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IMAGINE A WORLD in which mothers could take a few months away from their jobs following the birth or adoption of a child, without sacrificing either job security or their paychecks. Imagine a world in which both mothers and fathers could...
2. The Changing American Family and the Problem of Private Solutions
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AMERICAN FAMILIES ARE struggling. In the United States, fragmented contemporary discourses about the family cast these struggles alternately as the failure of parents to provide adequately for their children, as the difficulties women...
3. The United States in Cross-National Perspective: Are Parents and Children Doing Better Elsewhere?
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AMERICAN FAMILIES ARE not alone in the demands they encounter on their time and energy. In all industrialized and industrializing countries, working families are at the epicenter of tensions arising from changing gender norms...
4. Reconciling the Conflicts: Toward a Dual-Earner-Dual Career Society
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IN RECENT DECADES, feminist social theorists—mostly in Europe— have engaged in a critical reexamination of the concept of social citizenship. Feminist scholars argue that a crucial shortcoming in twentieth-century citizenship theory...
5. Ensuring Time to Care During the Early Years: Family Leave Policies
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THE MODEL OF an earner-carer society assumes that both mothers and fathers will have time for caregiving, intensively in the early weeks and months of their children’s lives, and as needed during later childhood.1 Public family leave...
6. Strengthening Reduced-Hour Work: Regulation of Working Time
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IN THE PARTIALLY transformed world in which most parents now live and work, time is scarce as they balance long hours in the workplace with the demands of caregiving at home. A central assumption of the earner-carer model...
7. Providing Public Care: Child Care, Preschool, and Public Schooling
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SUBSTITUTE CHILD CARE is an essential form of support for parents combining earning and caring roles; parents cannot commit to work outside the home without alternatives for the care of their children. Child care is an equally important factor...
8. Does Policy Matter? Linking Policies to Outcomes
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IN THE PRECEDING chapters, we have described models for government policies that could help to reduce the time squeeze on employed parents, promote the well-being of children, and achieve greater gender equality in the labor market...
9. Developing Earner-Carer Policies in the United States
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OUR SURVEY OF policy in other industrialized countries suggests that government policies that support parents in their earning and caring roles are institutionally and economically feasible. The empirical literature is encouraging regarding...
Appendix A: Description of Cross-National Data Sets Used
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Appendix B: Summary of Selected European Union Directives
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Appendix C: Construction of Policy Indexes
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Page Count: 408
Publication Year: 2003