Democracy and the Culture of Skepticism
Political Trust in Argentina and Mexico
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: Russell Sage Foundation
The Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust
Previous Volumes in the Series
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About the Authors
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THIS BOOK is about the place of trust in democracy. In recent years, democratic theorists have elevated trust—among citizens, and of citizens toward elected governments—to the status of necessary component of a smooth-functioning democracy. When public opinion polls turn up large numbers of citizens who declare that they do not trust their government, such findings become a cause for much ...
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WE COULD not have carried out this study without the encouragement and financial support of the Russell Sage Foundation’s Program on Trust. We are grateful to Eric Wanner and to Karen Cook, Margaret Levi, and Russell Hardin for their leadership in this important area of social science inquiry. We received stimulating ...
PART I. POLITICAL CULTURE IN DEMOCRATIC THEORY
Chapter 1. The Place of Trust in the Political Culture of Democracy
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THE CONCEPT of trust has been rediscovered of late by students and theorists of democracy. They have revived the idea that civic participation generates trust, and that trust among citizens is crucial for democracy to function well. But an equally long, if currently less fashionable, tradition views democracy (or representative government) as functioning best if citizens retain a sense of the fallibility of ...
PART II. REGIONAL VARIATION IN THE QUALITY OF DEMOCRACY
Chapter 2. Regional Variation in the Quality of Democracy in Mexico
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HERE, WE introduce the concept of subnational democracy and discuss several approaches to cross-state measurement. Borrowing from Linz and Stepan’s (1996) definition of democratic consolidation, we analyze the nature of electoral competition in Mexico, and then turn our attention to regional and local political institutions, ...
Chapter 3. Regional Variation in the Quality of Democracy in Argentina
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TO UNCOVER cross-regional differences in the quality of democracy in Argentina, we draw on provincial and local studies, as well as on our own research. We begin by exploring differences among provinces in patronage and fiscal behavior. We then examine the differences among a subset of regions on a broader set of dimensions: the ...
PART III. TESTING HYPOTHESES ABOUT DEMOCRACY AND POLITICAL CULTURE
Chapter 4. Political Culture and the Quality of Democracy
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EARLIER WE found no compelling theoretical link between democracy and personal trust. We identified flaws in the propositions that if citizens trust each other, and if citizens personally trust politicians, democracy works better. If trust and democracy are related, the deepening of democracy should induce a shift from personal to ...
Chapter 5. Trust and Democratization
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IN AN effort to explain why the pace of democratization and of the deepening of democracy has been quick in some regions of Mexico and Argentina and slow in others, we begin by testing the social capital approach. Does a richer civic culture produce the differences we have observed in political culture and in the quality of democracy ...
PART IV. THE POLITICAL CULTURE OF DEMOCRACY RECONSIDERED
Chapter 6. Region, Democratization, and Political Culture
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AS DEMOCRACY in a country or a region deepens, the nature of political trust is likely to change. Citizens will turn from the belief that what matters for producing responsive government is that politicians be personally trustworthy, to the belief that what matters is that institutions constrain politicians to be trustworthy. Our findings ...
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Page Count: 344
Publication Year: 2009
Series Title: Russell Sage Foundation Series on Trust