Intertextuality and the 24-Hour News Cycle
A Day in the Rhetorical Life of Colin Powell's U.N. Address
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: Michigan State University Press
Title Page, Copyrigth Page
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List of Tables
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I could not have written this book without the feedback and support of many wonderful people. First, I would like to thank editor Martin Medhurst for backing this project and guiding me throughout the revision process. I am also deeply grateful to the three anonymous reviewers for their discerning remarks on earlier drafts of this work....
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After each excerpt from a given news report, you will note a parenthetical citation with the following information: journalistic institution, the date of the report, and the speaker or writer of the discourse. Thus, the following parenthetical— (NBC/2.5/AM)— refers to the NBC television news broadcast on February 5, 2003, and, more specifically, to Andrea Mitchell’s...
Introduction. The Rhetorical Life of Colin Powell’s U.N. Speech
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On the morning of 5 February 2003— a Wednesday— Secretary of State Colin Powell addressed the United Nations Security Council in New York City. In a nearly 90- minute PowerPoint presentation, Powell argued that Iraq was hiding weapons of mass destruction from inspectors in direct violation of U.N. Security Council Resolution 1441. These weapons posed a significant threat to world peace, Powell...
Chapter One. The Campaign for War in Iraq: Contextualizing Powell’s Speech in Political and Media Discourse
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On February 24, 2001, Colin Powell indicated to reporters that economic sanctions against Iraq had worked: Saddam Hussein posed no significant threat to the Gulf region, let alone to the United States. As Powell put it, “[Saddam Hussein] has not developed any significant capability with respect to weapons of mass destruction....
Chapter Two. The Chief Prosecutor and the Iraqi Regime: Intertextual Ethos and Transitive Chains of Authority
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Several sources have suggested that George W. Bush deliberately chose Colin Powell to deliver the U.N. address because Powell, unlike other members of the Bush team, had a sterling public reputation. As Isikoff and Corn (2006) put it: “The idea— not a subtle one— was to attach Powell’s credibility to the case for war” (174). Similarly, Unger (2007) argues that the lack of evidence in Powell’s...
Chapter Three. Undercutting Saddam’s Denials: Precontextualization and Audience Alignment
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Recontextualization involves extracting elements from one context and relocating them in another (Bauman & Briggs 1990; Linell 1998). Thus, a journalist reporting Colin Powell’s speech necessarily recontextualizes that speech— extracting Powell’s words from his address and relocating them in a given news narrative. Importantly, this kind of reporting is oriented towards the past. However, as Bakhtin (1981) notes, discourse is not only “oriented toward the ‘already...
Chapter Four. America’s Best Intelligence: Recontextualization and Rhetorical Transformation
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Chapter 3 focused on how journalists projected a future rhetorical event and pre- positioned audiences to adopt certain attitudes toward Powell and his rhetoric. I termed this type of anticipatory intertextuality “precontextualization.” In a sense, journalists pre- formed Colin Powell’s address— construing it as a “real thing” even before it took place. The present chapter shifts focus to how journalists...
Chapter Five. Political Discourse, the Press, and the Public Good
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This book has examined twenty- four hours in the extended rhetorical life of Colin Powell’s U.N. address. Specifically, I have investigated how Powell’s multimodal presentation was transformed as it was pre- and recontextualized in various mainstream news narratives. At the same time, I have studied how, as a consequence of...
Appendix A. Data Corpus
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Appendix B. Synoptic Views of Discourse
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Appendix C. Intertextual Precedents for Powell’s Arguments
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Appendix D. Attitudinal Discourse in Linguistic and Multimodal Texts
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Appendix E. Attitudes about Powell and Iraq
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Appendix F. Conventions of Precontextualizationin Mainstream Journalism
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Appendix G. The Engagement System, Temporality, and Presence
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Appendix H. Coding Categories for Audience Repositioning
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Appendix I. A Four- Phased Analytic Approach
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Page Count: 381
Publication Year: 2014
Series Title: Rhetoric & Public Affairs
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth