African American Females
Addressing Challenges and Nurturing the Future
Publication Year: 2013
African American Females: Addressing Challenges and Nurturing the Future illustrates that across education, health, and other areas of social life, opportunities are stratified along gender as well as race lines. The unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women intersects with race and class to create multiple levels of disadvantage. This book is one result of a unique forum intended to bring into focus the K–12 and postsecondary schooling issues and challenges affecting African American girls and women. Focusing on the historical antecedents of African American female participation and the contemporary context of access and opportunity for black girls and women, the contributors to this collection pay particular attention to the interaction of gender with race/ethnicity, class, age, and health, with the central aim of encouraging thoughtful reading, critical thinking, and informed conversations about the necessity of exploring the lives of African American females. Additionally, the book frames important implications for recommended changes in policy and practice regarding a number of critical matters presently affecting African American females in schools and communities across the state of Michigan and nationwide.
Published by: Michigan State University Press
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African American Females: Addressing Challenges and Nurtur-ing the Future is a volume long overdue. In societies all across the globe, men and women lead very different lives. Gender, defi ned as the biological traits that are linked to being male or female, is also linked to gender stratifi cation, which is the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women. Race intersects with both gender and class to create multiple disadvantages. It is at this intersect of race, gender, ...
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On September 26, 2008, Eastern Michigan Universityâs College of Education, the McGregor Fund, and the Office of Urban Education and Educational Equity sponsored a conference focused on African American females. The meeting was the second in the Coura-geous Conversations series, a follow-up to a 2006 summit that focused on African American males and that framed the development of the monograph The State of the African American Male. This educational conference provided an opportunity ...
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Internal and external implications of cultural, social, and symbolic capital influence the microlevel schooling process within the kâ12 educational system. The individualized and collective implications associated with these distinct forms of capital affect the manner in which the context of a school culture values certain types of activities, affiliations, and knowledge (Bourdieu, 1984; Coleman, 1988; DiMaggio, 1982; Lareau & McNamara Horvat, 1999; Spillane, Hallett, & Diamond, 2003). Nonetheless, the ...
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Recently, I was invited to speak at a Detroit high school that focused on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math). As I spoke with the students during the lecture and when in a classroom, I began to notice a disturbing pattern. The boys seemed very involved, but far too many of the girls seemed distant. When speaking with the girls and school staff about this, it became apparent that no one had ever given this situation any thought. Some noted that the grades of the girls were okay, yet ...
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The first author was meeting with her graduate students in preparation for what was to be a highly successful and significant conference about the status of African American females when one of them made a comment that urged her to ask, âArenât you attending the conference?â The student, an African American male, responded with, âWell, I guess I have to go because I am helping but . . . after all, it is about African American females. Why would I goâIâm a male?â I responded ...
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The kâ12 teaching workforce, comprised primarily of White middle-class females, does not mirror the progressively diverse student population in the majority of public schools in the United States. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), during the 2007â2008 school year, there were roughly 3.5 million teachers (NCES, 2010a, 2010b). Of the 3.5 million teachers, 83 percent were White, 7 percent Black, 7 percent Hispanic, and 3 percent other (NCES, 2009).1 In the same school ...
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The knowledge society, or postcapitalist society, as described by Drucker (1993), requires new ways to think about education, schooling, and work. As the United States transitions from an industrial culture to a knowledge-based society, the depth of change is felt deeply in industrial cities such as Detroit. Rapid technological and social change, however, is the stuff from which ârust beltâ cities such as There is an intersectionality of literacy, identity, and lived experiences rela-...
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But you know even if Iâm in that survival mode, I still want that education for my childâI donât want that cheap day care lady down the block, we want our kids to be safe and taught like in the preschool. . . . You donât always get that. . . . When I started back in school, my worker she cut my aid, and then they denied I mean itâs just like such a struggle to deal with them [the Department of Human ...
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African Americans have made great advancements in postsecondary education. Over the last 30 years, enrollment and degree attainment has increased over 65 percent at undergraduate and graduate degree levels (National Center for Education Statistics, 2008). In 1976, barely 111,000 African Americans participated in higher education. Today, over 2.4 million have enrolled or obtained a college degree, and projections indicate that enrollment and degree attainment will continue to increase well into ...
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With the passage of the Michigan Civil Rights Initiative, better known as Proposal 2, in 2006, race-conscious and gender-conscious policies and programs garnered much attention and review because Proposal 2 made such efforts illegal due to their exclusive and preferential practices (Michigan Civil Rights Commission, 2007). Women of color in Michigan, specifically African American women, find themselves in a peculiar situation because neither their race nor gender can be ...
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Recent statistics indicate that approximately two-thirds of girls who occupy the juvenile justice system are students of color, primarily African American and Latina adolescent females (American Bar Association and National Bar Association, 2001). In addition, a study conducted by Girls Incorporated (2006) found that ethnic minority young women in grades 9â12 were more likely to report getting into a physical altercation in the last 12 months than their nonethnic minority counterparts: African American ...
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If educational policymakers and critics are truly committed to moving the education of Black girls forward, first we must begin by looking at how the educational conditions of U.S. Black female students are connected to larger economic, social, and political injustices that Black women and girls encounter across the African Diaspora. For example, scholars and practitioners alike must seek to understand more about the beliefs, behaviors, languages, and traditions of Black girls at the local level, while ...
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Hip-hop is undoubtedly a pop culture phenomenon. Born in the basement of a housing complex to a man by the name of Clive âKool Hercâ Campbell, hip-hop ultimately ventured away from the streets of New York City and has been influential throughout the globe. In fact, from music and fashion, to literature and language, the impact of hip-hop has gone from being a microcosm of New Yorkâs African ...
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When the very person who is battering you is also your brother in the struggle for community survival; when you know that in calling the police that you and your partner are likely to be pre-judged as inhumane and animalistic, as naturally prone to bloodshed, and that you both may be carted off to jail; when seeking safety options means turning over someone you love and who is already ...
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Illegal drug use continues to affect many African American children and their families. A government report indicates that crack cocaine continues to plague most major cities in the United States. According to the National Institute of Drug Abuse, in 2003, Detroitâs drug-related statistics ranked tenth among 20 cities for crack cocaine-related crimes and treatment admissions. The Office of National Drug Control Policy (2007) reported that in 1997, Wayne County was designated as a ...
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Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a major health concern for American women, especially African American women. According to statistics provided by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), HIV-related illnesses constitute âthe leading cause of death for black women . . . aged 25â34â (CDC, 2008, p. 1), and it is the third and fourth leading cause for these women aged 35â44 and 45â54, respectively. While representing only 12 percent of the total female population of the United ...
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I am not a cancer specialist, but sometimes I think of myself as a cancer detective. Many of my patients are at risk for developing cancer; some are even living with cancer without knowing it. A large part of the work of gastroenterologists is performing colonoscopies. This test allows physicians to examine directly inside the colon to look for precancerous polyps and cancers. Many patients begrudgingly come for the test, at the urgings of their primary care physician. Alternatively, the friend or spouse has told them ...
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Historically, African American women have the poorest overall health and health outcomes when compared to other groups of women. Socioeconomic, cultural, racial, and gender barriers severely affect the ability of this population of women to receive process, accept, and incorporate those skills, knowledge, and behaviors necessary to lessen their overall health risks. According to the U.S. Census Bureau in 2007, the state of Michigan has the tenth largest Black population. Of the 10 largest cities in ...
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Dale Anderson is a Ph.D. candidate at Wayne State University. His research interests revolve around racial identity and diversity within hip-hop culture. His secondary interests focus on ethnographic data collection methods and creating cultural sensitivity in the classroom. Dale has presented at the National Communication Association, ...
Page Count: 405
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Courageous Conversations