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French and Indians in the Heart of North America, 1630-1815

Edited by Robert Englebert and Guillaume Teasdale

Publication Year: 2013

In the past thirty years, the study of French-Indian relations in the center of North America has emerged as an important field for examining the complex relationships that defined a vast geographical area, including the Great Lakes region, the Illinois Country, the Missouri River Valley, and Upper and Lower Louisiana. For years, no one better represented this emerging area of study than Jacqueline Peterson and Richard White, scholars who identified a world defined by miscegenation between French colonists and the native population, or métissage, and the unique process of cultural accommodation that led to a “middle ground” between French and Algonquians. Building on the research of Peterson, White, and Jay Gitlin, this collection of essays brings together new and established scholars from the United States, Canada, and France, to move beyond the paradigms of the middle ground and métissage. At the same time it seeks to demonstrate the rich variety of encounters that defined French and Indians in the heart of North America from 1630 to 1815. Capturing the complexity and nuance of these relations, the authors examine a number of thematic areas that provide a broader assessment of the historical bridge-building process, including ritual interactions, transatlantic connections, diplomatic relations, and post-New France French-Indian relations.

Published by: Michigan State University Press

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. 6-7

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Acknowledgments

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p. vii-vii

When we first began this project, we envisioned a quick and relatively smooth process—famous last words. Such collections usually take longer than anticipated; however, we continue to believe that the works contained within these pages represent a wave of relatively new scholars who ...

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Introduction by Robert Englebert and Guillaume Teasdale

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pp. xi-xxxiii

Scholarship concerning French-Indian relations in the heart of North America has seen a remarkable transformation over the past thirty years. From beyond the pale of historical inquiry, this area of study has gradually emerged as an important field for examining the complex relationships ...

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“Faire la chaudière”: The Wendat Feast of Souls, 1636

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pp. 36-20

The seventeenth-century Wendat Confederacy was a coalition that included the Bear Nation (Attignawantan), the Nation of the Rock (Arendarhonon), the People of the Cord (Attigneenongnahac), the People of the Deer ...

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Natives, Newcomers, and Nicotiana: Tobacco in the History of the Great Lakes Region

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pp. 21-41

Coming ashore in a canoe from the upper Mississippi valley or from the Great Lakes themselves, an exchange of tobacco often mediated the cultural encounters between natives and newcomers in the seventeenth and eighteenth ...

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The Terms of Encounter: Language and Contested Visions of French Colonization in the Illinois Country, 1673–1702

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pp. 43-75

During the spring and summer of 1699, two priests—the Jesuit Julien Binneteau and Marc Bergier, a priest of the Seminary of Foreign Missions—competed to control a tiny mission at an Indian village on the Mississippi River known as ...

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“Gascon Exaggerations”: The Rise of Antoine Laumet dit de Lamothe, Sieur de Cadillac, the Foundation of Colonial Detroit, and the Origins of the Fox Wars

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pp. 77-112

In 1701, French colonial authorities embarked upon an ambitious, though ill-fated, quest to create a center of empire deep in the Great Lakes region, or the Pays d’en Haut, along the waterways joining Lakes Erie and Huron—a vital crossroads of the early American West known...

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“Protection” and “Unequal Alliance”: The French Conception of Sovereignty over Indians in New France

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pp. 113-137

On December 18, 1728, in order to solve the problem of the inheritances of Illinois women who had lost their French husbands after converting to Catholicism, and, more generally, to clarify the status of Catholic Indians and their relatives in the Illinois Country, the edict of Louisiana’s...

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The French and the Natchez: A Failed Encounter

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pp. 139-158

The Natchez lived in several villages covering a zone about forty miles long on the east bank of the Mississippi River, near present-day Natchez, Mississippi. At the end of the seventeenth century, they constituted the most ...

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From Subjects to Citizens: Two Pierres and the French Influence on the Transformation of the Illinois Country

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pp. 159-181

For nearly a century the handful of French villages in the Mississippi valley known collectively as the Illinois Country lay at the center of an imperial arc that stretched from the mouth of the St. Lawrence ...

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Blue Beads, Vermilion, and Scalpers: The Social Economy of the 1810–1812 Astorian Overland Expedition’s French Canadian Voyageurs

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pp. 182-216

Tracking hired personnel involved in the North American fur trade economy in all their peregrinations is always problematic. Seeking to understand the underlying motives of voyageurs’ social and economic behaviors poses even greater research ...

Contributors

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pp. 217-219


E-ISBN-13: 9781609173609
E-ISBN-10: 1609173600
Print-ISBN-13: 9781611860740
Print-ISBN-10: 1611860741

Page Count: 253
Illustrations: 3
Publication Year: 2013

Edition: 1st

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Subject Headings

  • Middle West -- History -- Congresses.
  • Middle West -- Ethnic relations -- Congresses.
  • French -- Mississippi River Valley -- History -- Congresses.
  • Indians of North America -- Mississippi River Valley -- History -- Congresses.
  • French -- Great Lakes Region (North America) -- History -- Congresses.
  • Indians of North America -- Great Lakes Region (North America) -- History -- Congresses.
  • Mississippi River Valley -- History -- To 1803 -- Congresses.
  • Great Lakes Region (North America) -- History -- Congresses.
  • Canada -- History -- To 1763 (New France) -- Congresses.
  • North America -- History -- Congresses.
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