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Contested Territories

Native Americans and Non - Natives in the Lower Great Lakes, 1700-1850

Charles Beatty Medina

Publication Year: 2012

A remarkable multifaceted history, Contested Territories examines a region that played an essential role in America's post-revolutionary expansion—the Lower Great Lakes region, once known as the Northwest Territory. As French, English, and finally American settlers moved westward and intersected with Native American communities, the ethnogeography of the region changed drastically, necessitating interactions that were not always peaceful. Using ethnohistorical methodologies, the seven essays presented here explore rapidly changing cultural dynamics in the region and reconstruct in engaging detail the political organization, economy, diplomacy, subsistence methods, religion, and kinship practices in play. With a focus on resistance, changing worldviews, and early forms of self-determination among Native Americans, Contested Territories demonstrates the continuous interplay between actor and agency during an important era in American history.

Published by: Michigan State University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. v-

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Foreword

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pp. vii-ix

Few geographical areas of north America experienced the dynamism of Indian-European interaction that the Ohio Valley and southern Great Lakes offered prior to the mid- nineteenth century. Here was the land marked by native spiritual revitalization...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xii

Scholarly work depends on the assistance of many players for its successful completion. this volume is no different. its seed was first planted after a 2005 conference called Cultures in Conflict: New Perspectives on encounters...

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Introduction

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pp. xiii-xxxii

The Lower Great Lakes region occupies a critical, if often underrecognized, place in the history of America’s post-Revolutionary westward expansion. During the eighteenth century and through the first half of the nineteenth century...

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A Year at Niagara: Negotiating Coexistence in the Eastern Great Lakes, 1763–1764

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pp. 1-34

In early September 1763, the British garrison of Fort Niagara felt lucky. they had been spared the fates of Fort Michilimackinac and many smaller western forts that had been overtaken or destroyed in the Indian rebellion that would soon be named...

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“Foolish Young Men” and the Contested Ohio Country, 1783– 1795

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pp. 35-54

In the years following the American Revolution, violence between Native Americans and frontier settlers spiraled into reciprocal and uncontained depredations. Although many Native American leaders and the government of the United States...

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Native American– French Interactions in Eighteenth-Century Southwest Michigan: The View from Fort St. Joseph

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pp. 55-79

A pervasive trend in historical scholarship has been a move away from broad metanarratives to more detailed examinations of concrete historical moments and contexts to better understand the nuances of events and processes at the local...

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Old Friends in New Territories: Delawares and Quakers in the Old Northwest Territory

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pp. 81-110

The Delawares and Quakers shared a unique history of alliance and mutual acceptance that began from their earliest diplomatic exchanges in the Delaware River valley at the end of the seventeenth century and remained intertwined throughout the eighteenth...

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Delawares in Eastern Ohio after the Treaty of Greenville: The Goshen Mission in Context

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pp. 111-136

Clearing “high timber and thick underwood,” a group of Native Americans began the hard work of building a town “on a level, high ground” west of the Tuscarawas River in autumn 1798. This town lay within the Old Northwest Territory...

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Miami Resistance and Resilience during the Removal Era

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pp. 137-165

The Indian Removal Era marks a painful period for Native Americans with ancestral homelands east of the Mississippi River. Over sixty Native communities, or approximately 50,000 Native Americans from different linguistic families...

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The Politics of Indian Removal on the Wyandot Reserve, 1817– 1843

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pp. 167-193

In October 1831, James Gardiner, the United States Indian agent assigned to negotiate a removal treaty with the Wyandots of Ohio, accompanied William Walker Jr. and an expedition of Wyandot leaders to Cincinnati and watched...

Bibliography

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pp. 195-214

Contributors

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pp. 215-216

Index

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pp. 217-223


E-ISBN-13: 9781609173418
Print-ISBN-13: 9781611860450

Publication Year: 2012

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Subject Headings

  • Indians of North America -- Land tenure -- Great Lakes Region (North America).
  • Indians of North America -- First contact with Europeans -- Great Lakes Region (North America).
  • Indians of North America -- Great Lakes Region (North America) -- History.
  • Great Lakes Region (North America) -- History.
  • Great Lakes Region (North America) -- Race relations.
  • Great Lakes Region (North America) -- Politics and government.
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