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In the shadow of Russia

reform in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Pamela Blackmon

Publication Year: 2011

 In the twenty years since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the fifteen new independent republics have embarked on unprecedented transitions from command economies into market-oriented economies.
     Important motivating factors for their reform efforts included issues of geographic and economic proximity to Europe and the influence of the pre-Soviet era histories in those countries. In the Shadow of Russia builds upon the conceptual frameworks that include geography and policy choices about economic integration in an analysis of the reform efforts of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
     Blackmon's book addresses such central questions as: How and in what areas has a republic's previous level of integration with Soviet-era Russia influenced its present economic orientation? What are the contributing factors that explain the differences in how leaders ( of a similar regime type) developed economic reform policies? To answer these questions, the author utilizes information from both the economic and the political literature on post-communist transitions, as well from political speeches.

Published by: Michigan State University Press

About this Series, Title and Copyright Pages

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Figures and Tables

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pp. vii-viii


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pp. ix-x

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pp. 1-13

It has now been two decades since the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the emergence from it of fifteen independent republics. These new states embarked on unprecedented transitions from economies in which the government made all economic decisions into market-oriented economies. ...

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1. Breaking Apart from Russia

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pp. 15-27

The Soviet system was designed to benefit Russia, and Russia’s relationships with the other Soviet republics were based on the resources that each could provide it. The republics had varying levels of economic integration with Russia, and thus differing constraints on the choices available to their leaders at independence. ...

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2. Agreeing to Manage Economic Policies in Uzbekistan

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pp. 29-45

Islam Karimov had no intention of moving quickly to implement economic reform policies after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Members of the former Soviet elite continued to hold power with Karimov as president, an arrangement that shaped the country’s path of reform in two related ways. ...

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3. Economics Determines Politics for Nazarbayev

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pp. 47-65

Nursultan Nazarbayev quickly implemented reforms designed to move Kazakhstan toward a market economy beginning in January 1992. Nazarbayev did not have the same close relationship with the former Soviet elite that Karimov had, and disagreed with them over how to proceed with economic reform. ...

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4. Connecting Specific Reform Policies to Investment and Business

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pp. 67-92

The previous chapters provided explanations for differences between the reform policies of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan. This chapter expands upon this analysis by examining how the implementation of reform policies has influenced foreign investment and business decisions in the two countries. ...

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pp. 93-100

The reform paths of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan must be analyzed within the historical, political, and economic framework of their status as former Soviet republics. Their different legacies best explain their divergent processes of reform. ...


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pp. 101-113


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pp. 115-125


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pp. 127-130

E-ISBN-13: 9781609172015
Print-ISBN-13: 9780870139864

Page Count: 192
Publication Year: 2011