The Science of Modern Virtue
On Descartes, Darwin, and Locke
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Northern Illinois University Press
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Published by the Northern Illinois University Press, DeKalb, Illinois 60115Support for this volume was generously provided by the University of Chicago’s A New The science of modern virtue : on Descartes, Darwin, and Locke / edited by Peter Augus- ISBN 978-0-87580-475-0 (cloth : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-1-60909-097-5 (e-book)1. Descartes, René, 1596–1650—Influence. 2. Darwin, Charles, 1809–1882—Influ-...
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ThIS BooK exAMINeS the INfLUeNCe the philosopher René Descartes, the political theorist John Locke, and the biologist Charles Darwin have had on our modern understanding of human beings and human vir-tue. Written by leading thinkers from a variety of fields, its thirteen chap-ters reflect on the complex relation between modern science and modern virtue, that is, between a kind of modern thought and a kind of modern ...
1 - Locke, Darwin, and the Science of Modern Virtue
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So I WANt At LeASt to CoMPLICAte—or maybe even deconstruct—the narrative about our country that prevails among conservatives today. here’s the narrative: our founding was Lockean or according to a nature made by our Creator and therefore good. It’s threat-ened by the Progressives who have a kind of Darwinian-hegelian devotion to historical evolution—meaning the growth of the paternalistic serfdom of ...
2 - The Virtue of Science and the Science of Virtue
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Beatitude seems to me to consist in a perfect contentment of spirit and an interior satisfaction. . . . It seems to me that each person is able to render himself content and without need of any others provided only that he observes three things, to which correspond the three Th e passage does not resolve the famous debate about the relationship ...
3 - Notes on “The Virtue of Science and the Science of Virtue”
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BENE VIXIT, BENE QUI LATUIT. Descartes chose this line from ovid’s Tristia (III.4.25) as a personal motto, which I translate as “he lived well who hid well.”1 It seems, then, that Descartes’ art of living involves hiding and, according to the portrait of Descartes that Thomas hibbs presents in this...
4 - More Cartesian than Descartes
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...iN the oPeNING ChAPteRS of the SeCoND VoLUMe of Democ-racy in America, Alexis de tocqueville identifi es two ways of thinking that hold special appeal in a democratic age. Both methods of thinking have roots in the radical enlightenment of the seventeenth century, but each has a diff erent national constituency and diff erent political implica-tions. Th e fi rst position that tocqueville discusses is Cartesianism, which ...
5 - Locke’s Explanation of How the Science of CiviL society Corrects the Natural Authority of Virtue
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...hAVING BeeN ASSIGNeD the QUeStIoN of how the British en-lightenment philosopher John Locke contributes to the science of virtue, I want fi rst to raise the question of the relation of the classical and modern accounts of virtue, society, and politics, and to begin with the clas-sical question of the relation of the order of the city and the order of the soul. for being “stuck with virtue” means at least this: “being stuck” with ...
6 - The Problem of Humane Quality in Locke’s Political Philosophy
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...neAR the BeGINNING of the SECOND TREATISE, John Locke off ers a recapitulation of the First Treatise’s political teaching and its primary implication: pace Sir Robert filmer, God did not “manifest[ly]” “appoin[t]” a ruler over men, who must accordingly institute government for themselves.1 Th e Second Treatise proceeds to elaborate the “premise”2 of this position: a state of nature, or the “state all men are naturally in”—a ...
7 - Locke, Darwin, and the Social Individualism of Virtue
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The StUDIeS of hUMAN NAtURe and political systems have always been inextricably linked. from Plato’s tripartite soul to hobbes’ solitary man (with a life poor, nasty, brutish, and short), all political sys-tems start with an account of the nature of the creature for whom we con-struct political institutions. oddly, contemporary scholars oft en forget this fact, instead requiring that we recognize the so-called fact-value distinc-...
8 - Descartes, Locke, and the Virtue of the individual
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...reNÉ DeSCARteS IS RoUtINeLY CReDIteD with being the “founder” of modern philosophy. Th at noteworthy title is laden with ambiguity. for while it identifi es Descartes as the architect of “modern philosophy,” the exact meaning of that ponderous term remains anything but “clear and distinct.” Is the type of philosophy that Descartes is cred-ited with founding one specifi c thing? or does it include several types of ...
9 - Science, Virtue, and the Birth of Modernity
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...it ShoULD Not Be SURPRISING to US thAt the fi gures of the early modern period that shaped the new science were also the fi gures that shaped our political philosophies. Both the rationalists and the empiricists shaped this early modern philosophy of both our political and scientifi c practices. Politics and science seem always to have gone together. In ana-lyzing René Descartes’ political philosophy and epistemology, Catherine ...
10 - The Mutual Sacrifice of Science and Virtue
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JeffReY P. BIShoP INVIteS US to See, with heidegger’s help, that modern knowing or technological science is by no means a neutral openness to reality, to the way things are, or to the being of beings. Th is science, rather, is a “stance,” a particular way of revealing or disclosing things. Leo Strauss would prefer to say that modern science is a “project,” so as not to say a “fate.” to recognize science as such a determinate stance ...
11 - The Scientific Life as a Moral Life?
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...iN JANUARY 1939 Leo SZILARD, a chemist turned physicist who hap-pened also to be a hungarian Jew, wrote to his friend Lewis Strauss, a former physicist turned wealthy businessman and philanthropist, about the recent publication in the premiere German-language science journal Naturwissenschaft en of otto hahn’s and fritz Strassmann’s discovery of Apart from the purely scientifi c interest there may be another aspect of ...
12 - The Darwinian Science of Aristotelian Virtue
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...aRIStoteLIANS NeeD ChARLeS DARWIN. Th ey need him because Darwin’s evolutionary science of virtue supports the moral biology of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle was a biologist, and his biologi-cal science shapes his empirical science of ethics in the Nicomachean Eth-ics. In contrast to Plato’s attempt to ground ethics in a moral cosmology, Aristotle grounds ethics in a moral biology. Darwinian science deepens ...
13 - Logon Didonai the Case of the Darwinian Conservative
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...wIth DR. LARRY ARNhARt, A NeW foRM of thoUGht and, perhaps, of life has emerged among us. As such, it elicits wonder and calls for consideration. As thoughtful life, it possesses more interest for me, a Socratic, than the appearance of a new star. Moreover, as a form of thoughtful life, it is self-aware and it can talk. It has even named itself. It Moreover, it is a form of life and thought on a mission; it is animated ...
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ThIS BooK hAS ItS oRIGINS in the first conference in “The Stuck with Virtue Lecture Series.” That lecture series was made possible by a generous grant from the University of Chicago’s New Science of Virtues Project. held in November of 2010 at Berry College in Rome, Georgia, this conference focused on René Descartes’, John Locke’s, and Charles Darwin’s teachings on the nature of science and the nature of virtue. All the con-...
About the Contributors
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Page Count: 340
Publication Year: 2013