Yankees in Petrograd, Bolsheviks in New York
America and Americans in Russian Literary Perception
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Northern Illinois University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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This book would not have been possible without the help of many people—colleagues, teachers, students, and editors—to whom I am sincerely grateful. I am blessed with wonderful colleagues at the Department of Slavic Languages at Georgetown University—David Andrews, Svetlana Grenier, George Mihaychuk, Olga Meerson, and Marcia Morris, who were ...
Note on Transliteration, Translation, and Citation
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In transliterating Cyrillic into Latin, I have followed the Library of Congress system, simplified form (as in SEEJ). Soft signs in proper names have been omitted. I have used a modified transliteration system, reflecting common usage, for the names of well-known authors. Thus, Gor’kii appears as Gorky, Gogol’ as Gogol, Maiakovskii as Mayakovsky, Trotskii as Trotsky, Pil’niak as Pilniak, Il’f as ...
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...i n n i k o l A i c h e r n Y s h e v s k Y ’ s What Is to Be Done? one of the protagonists feigns suicide yet goes to America. Conversely, in Fedor Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment, the antagonist, Svidrigailov, announces: When in America—“on the other shore,” as Russians sometimes put it—Russian émigré characters and writers often feel that, although they have ...
Part I—Bolsheviks in New York
1—Pre-revolutionary Discoveries of America
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T h e g e n r e o f r u s s i A n autobiographical literary travelogues, which later determined the Soviet image of America, took polemical shape in the waning nineteenth century. Both the Marxist-oriented Maksim Gorky1 and a number of Populist writers, including Grigorii Machtet, Vladimir Bogoraz, and Vladimir Korolenko, contributed to the genre. All of these ...
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...f o r T h e m o s T P A r T , America did not feature prominently in Russian literature in the years leading up to World War I and the 1917 Revolution, although several noteworthy exceptions deserve mention, among them Alexander Blok’s poem, “Novaia Amerika,” (New America, 1913),1 and Osip Mandelstam’s “Amerikanka” (American Girl, 1913), which ...
3—Automobile Journeys of the 1930s
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...i n 1 9 3 3 , T h e s o v i e T u n i o n was finally officially recognized by the United States, its major ideological rival and “negative ideal.” The amicable period in official relations between the two countries was, however, short-lived and less than idyllic, owing to ongoing antagonism between the two socio-economic systems.1 The Soviet Union blamed America for its failure ...
Part II—The American Text ofRussian Literature
4—Recurrent Subtexts and Motifsin American Travelogues
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...i n P r e v i o u s c h A P T e r s o f T h i s B o o k , I posited three periods in the evolution of Russian literary journeys to America and examined the travelogue writers’ shifting political and rhetorical goals, as well as their individual stylistic peculiarities within each of these periods. In this part, I will adopt a diachronic approach. I now turn to major shared features that show ...
Part III—Yankees in Petrograd
5—Reverse American Travelogues
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A m e r i c A n c h A r A c T e r s A P P e A r in Russian literature not only as objects of observation for Russian travelers in America, but also as subjects of their own journeys to the other shore. After the October Revolution, many American visitors were attracted to Russia by a sincere interest in the country’s unprecedented social experiment (“fellow-travelers”1 and tourists) ...
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...i n T h e P r e s e n T s T u d Y I have restricted my material to the travelogues of writers for whom journeying to America was a free choice—in Soviet times even a privilege, since they were plenipotentiaries of their motherland. But although the choice to travel was free, the choice of what to write was not. By contrast, those on whom America was imposed—...
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Page Count: 350
Publication Year: 2013