French Military Justice and the Aeronoult-Rousset Affair
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Northern Illinois University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Writing this book has been one of the most exciting experiences of my life. Compiling this list of acknowledgments has been one of the most humbling. In recalling just how many people contributed to this project, and how vital those contributions were, I have been reminded of something I thought I had known but apparently had forgotten: there is no such thing ...
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...courtyard (the “Court of Miracles”) reserved for such things at those prisoners, Émile rousset, would try to amplify that claim that distinctive set of events by which particular incidents (of_ten juridical in origin) are periodically elevated to the status of grand public aAf_faires in France: impassioned public demonstrations, ...
ONE—“L’Armée, c’est la Nation”
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...for a long time. Born into a military family in 1853, he was an Fabert, France’s f_irst plebeian marshal, had been honored with while rising to the rank of brigadier general in 1893).3 By 1902 journal to the controversial proposition that “L’Armée, c’est la Nation,” or the assertion of “an intimate union that must ...
TWO—The Theory and Practice of French Military Justice
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...one of the most common charges hurled at French military justice by its lef_t-leaning critics was that this “exceptional jurisdiction” the ancien régime, where “justice” meant accommodating the special needs and interests of society’s most privileged strata. to suggest that military tribunals dispensed a similar brand of ...
THREE—The View from the Left
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If there was anything France’s T_hird republic did not lack, it was enemies. For the f_irst decade or so af_ter the new regime’s all, the loss of the provinces of Alsace-lorraine had raised the new army that legislators began fashioning in 1872 was entrusted antagonistic to either the theory or practice of republicanism as ...
FOUR—The Dreyfus Affair and the Debate over Military Justice
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...lef_t, but there were signif_icant dif_ferences in both tone and divide between the première gauche (f_irst lef_t) of socialists gauche (second lef_t) of anarchists and syndicalists who disdained the political arena in favor of ground-level actions against capital. enamored of the idea of insurgency, this second lef_t was deeply ...
FIVE—“Can the Judge of Liberty Be the Judge of Obedience?”
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Jaurès lost his seat in the Chamber of Deputies in the election out of of_f_ice than he had been in it. Initially indif_ferent to the Dreyfus matter (shortly af_ter Dreyfus’s 1894 conviction, the Dreyfus Af_fair represented a watershed moment. Until rather late in the Af_fair, most socialists felt that the fate of a quintessential ...
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If Biribi was antimilitarists’ vision of hell, the compagnie de T_he settlement was situated within the Figuig oasis, very near oran—a dangerous place in general. life in the desert outside within it. T_he territory was periodically contested by the sultan of Morocco, and rebellious Zenaga tribesmen had attacked no less a ...
SEVEN—The Aernoult-Rousset Affair
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...establishing retirement pensions for workers. T_he real subject hervé. In fact, the latter’s commitment to the party was nearing af_ter Nîmes). T_his development could not have entirely surprised militarism was politically costly for socialists. Jaurès had never accepted the Sans-Patrie’s claim that antimilitarism was actually ...
EIGHT—Triumph of the Political
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...whose strategy was to openly politicize the case.1 T_heir clients make ourselves accusers,” explained one signer, the sociologist Charles Albert, “we f_irst had to get accused.”2 T_he signers themselves had committed no crime; no ef_fective “provocation poster’s signers had reasserted the natural right of self-defense ...
NINE—The Rousset Murder Case
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...military of_f_icers were unqualif_ied to perform judicial functions with the claim that those of_f_icers, however unschooled in the more attuned than any civilian jurist to the specif_ic subculture that military courts were designed to regulate, as well as to the their civilian agendas into the operations of the jurisdiction. ...
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...that climate continued to shif_t quite palpably in militarists’ in July 1911, a deliberately provocative intervention by the Kaiser into what had been regarded as a French sphere of interest. such was the temper of the times that Premier Caillaux’s ef_fort to lower temperatures by bartering a portion of France’s African holdings for German ...
ELEVEN—“Glory to Rousset”
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...disembarkation for the small delegation that brought Aernoult’s small Pyrenean f_ishing village of Port-vendres. Demonstrations their feelings had elected to travel to Paris, to participate in the When the body arrived at Paris’s Gare de lyon station, it was met by some f_if_ty representatives of various trade unions and ...
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...of invulnerability dissipated. Political pressure, af_ter all, had judgments. Political pressure had forced the system’s custodians to indict of_f_icers they would otherwise not have indicted, to confrontations they had wanted to avoid. Political pressure had forced the jurisdiction’s investigative modus operandi into the ...
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...accountability with respect to military justice, then the multiple ironies of the situation simply clamor for attention. In fact, as we step back and survey the entirety of this story, those ironies to the champions of the military jurisdiction, “politics” was themselves from the toxic force of “politics,” then, supporters of ...
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Page Count: 298
Illustrations: 16 halftones
Publication Year: 2010