Factionalism and the Limits of Identity Politics in Yucatán, Mexico
Publication Year: 2013
The rural inhabitants of this region have had some of their most important dealings with their nation’s government as self-identified “peasants” and “Maya.” Using ethnography, oral history, and archival research, Armstrong-Fumero shows how the same body of narrative tropes has defined the local experience of twentieth-century agrarianism and twenty-first-century multiculturalism.
Through these recycled narratives, contemporary multicultural politics have also inherited some ambiguities that were built into its agrarian predecessor. Specifically, local experiences of peasant and indigenous politics are shaped by tensions between the vernacular language of identity and the intense factionalism that often defines the social organization of rural communities. This significant contribution will be of interest to historians, anthropologists, and political scientists studying Latin America and the Maya.
Published by: University Press of Colorado
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Magdalena, Amalia, Jorge, Víctor Manuel, Luis, Antonio, Mario, Gloria, the Twins, Betty, Chucho, Mercedes, Giovani, and the younger grandchildren.Don Reynaldo Mis and Doña Ediwilma Cimé are another pair of dear friends from Pisté who provided a great deal of help and emotional support over the years, along with their children René, Hugo, Papo, Gabriela, Juan, and their respective spouses ...
1. Peasants and Maya, Solidarity and Factionalism
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...lective rights (see Figure 1.1). Yet both of these periods also peasants and maya, soli.scdar.sci.scty and f.scacti.sconali.scsm2involve a second dimension of identity politics: the narratives and labels that help local people to imagine different forms of collective action and solidarity also figure Throughout this book, I will argue that this dual tendency is an element of local ...
2. “How It Happened That We Fomented This Town”
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Tensi.scons b.scetween Fami.scly Au.sctonomy and Commu.scni.scty Soli.scdar.sci.scty du.scr.sci.scng th.sce Agr.scar.sci.scan Ref.scor.scm“h.scow i.sct h.scappened th.scat we f.scomented th.sci.scs town”24participation in which self-identifying with the collective demands of a specific com-That said, this reform brought about a tension between solidarity and factionalism ...
3. “Back Then, There Was No Order”
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Th.sce Ear.scly Twenti.sceth.sc Centu.scr.scy i.scn Collecti.scv.sce Memor.scyagriculturalists from the “slavery” of the ancien régime and evident in the oral accounts in which members of these communities reflect on their ancestors’ experience of the 1920s and 1930s. In this chapter, I will focus on stories that are told about two very different phenomena: paramilitary violence and the dis-...
4. “Now There Is More Culture”
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...between local players and urban of_f_icials during the foundation of rural schools imbued this “cultural” project with a great deal of political ambivalence.The history of rural schools has been one of the flash points of contemporary debates about the cultural politics of modern Mexico. Mexico’s of_f_icial historiography generally characterizes rural education as a project through which the state democra-...
5. “When I First Went to Study”
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Pedagogy, Nati.sconal Hi.scstor.scy, and Bi.scli.scngu.scali.scsmidentity and language ideology that have filtered into the everyday speech of rural Oriente. However, there are important parallels between the texture of contem-porary ideas about national and linguistic identity and attitudes that seem to have been pervasive in early classrooms. Eighty years after the foundation of the first rural ...
6. “That Time of Change”
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Th.sce Li.scmi.scts of.sc Agr.sci.sccu.scltu.scr.sce and th.sce ent in different iterations of local identity politics, even as defining new political possibilities. As I noted in Chapter 1, many students of post–Cold War indigenous politics associate the rise of multiculturalism in Mexico with new forms of neoliberal citizenship that have developed amidst the decline of older ...
7. “What Does ‘Culture’ Mean?”
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Pr.scogr.scessi.scv.sci.scsm, Patr.sci.scmoni.scali.scsm, and Cor.scpor.scati.scsm i.scn Ver.scnacu.sclar.sc Di.scscou.scr.scse on Maya Cu.scltu.scr.sceties are increasingly likely to pledge their allegiance to “the in notions of citizenship and collective rights. Nor does it always signal the emergence of solidarities that crosscut social class and factional divides. Like the agrarian identities ...
8. The Realpolitik of Yucatecan Multiculturalism
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...kajo’ob, but also provided an ideological gloss for factional th.sce r.scealpoli.scti.sck of.sc yu.sccatecan mu.sclti.sccu.scltu.scr.scali.scsm162community class distinctions at the same time that they promoted the emergence of a unifying nationalist identity. A similar tension between factionalism and solidar-ity seems to be emerging in the vernacular discourses on Mayan identity that have ...
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Page Count: 248
Illustrations: 8 b&w photographs, 1 map
Publication Year: 2013
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth