Re-Creating Primordial Time
Foundation Rituals and Mythology in the Postclassic Maya Codices
Publication Year: 2013
Remarkable similarities exist within the Maya tradition, even as new mythologies were introduced through contact with the Gulf Coast region and highland central Mexico. Vail and Hernández analyze the extant Maya codices within the context of later literary sources such as the Books of Chilam Balam, the Popol Vuh, and the Códice Chimalpopoca to present numerous examples highlighting the relationship among creation mythology, rituals, and lore. Compiling and comparing Maya creation mythology with that of the Borgia codices from highland central Mexico, Re-Creating Primordial Time is a significant contribution to the field of Mesoamerican studies and will be of interest to scholars of archaeology, linguistics, epigraphy, and comparative religions alike.
Published by: University Press of Colorado
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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...6.1.1. Dates and events associated with D. 65a–69a | 2186.2.3. Gregorian, Julian, and Maya correspondences for the first set of Calendar 7.1. The calendrics and hieroglyphic information on D. 46 | 2367.2. The calendrics and hieroglyphic information on D. 47 | 2377.3. The calendrics and hieroglyphic information on D. 48 | 238...
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...specific events that co-occurred within a specific period of time. By way of example, the almanac on D. 33c–39c includes references to seasonal and astronomical events (including the summer solstice and eclipse seasons) that allow it to be dated to the early A further step in our understanding of how the almanacs in the codices were intended to be used occurred approximately a decade later. In her work with the Madrid Codex, ...
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AcknowledgmentsWe owe a tremendous debt of gratitude to our mentors, years. It was their inspiration that led to the present volume. A complete the project. Dyos b’o’otik to Ty Giltinan and Tirzo ...
1. Introduction to the Maya Codices
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...tion of sites such as Chichén Itzá and those in the Puuc region. ects. This “Postclassic” period is a time of significant change intended solely as records of past events, whereas others were used for predictions in later centuries. Still other texts were newly made by the Postclassic scribes who drafted the extant versions of the manuscripts known as the Dresden, Madrid, and Paris codi-...
2. Mexican Codices and Mythological Traditions
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It is unknown exactly how any of the five Borgia Group screenfolds now housed out-side of Mexico arrived in Europe after the Conquest. Spanish conquistadors, adminis-trators, and clerics were known to have sent treasures from the New World, including codices, back to both Spain and Italy. Certain ancient manuscripts had a more colorful history, but in general, many of the works that originally went to the king of Spain ...
3. Mythological Episodes Related in Maya Sources
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...wifery and also to divining; in this respect, it is of interest Table 3.1 lists the aspects and epithets of the creators, as determined from the first section of the Popol Vuh (Christenson 2007:60–66). They play a central role in the narrative, being associated with the creation of the earth and of the animals, two failed creations of people (those of mud and wood), and the successful creation of the ...
4. World Renewal in the Dresden Codex: The Yearbearer Ceremonies
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...in Landa’s Relación de las cosas de Yucatán (Gates 1978:61–Wayeb idol), which was transported to the “pile of stones” at Thereafter, it was taken to the house of the principal, or ritual The events described by Landa are depicted on the four pages of the yearbearer alma-nac, which we believe can be linked specifically to the Wayeb rituals he describes, as ...
5. Flood Episodes and Crocodilians in the Maya Codices
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...“water” tables of which it is a part, as well as its relationship Figure 5.1. Dresden 74 with annotations. After Förstemann (1880).www.hieroglyphicresearch.org/Documentation/UPClink94.html), and the lower table (hereafter referred to as the LWT) that covers the middle and lower registers of pages 71–73 and includes page 74 (Figure 5.5 and http://www.hiero ...
6. Creation Mythology in Reference to Chaak, Chak Chel, and Mars in the Maya Codices
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...strated by an analysis of the first two frames of the table. We Stone’s footsteps stopping at a sacred place called the “ser-to as the “evil night house” that is associated with falling Creation Mythology in Reference to Chaak, Chak Chel, and Mars in the Maya Codices192Astronomical references are an important thematic component of the UWT. ...
7. Creation Mythology in the Dresden Venus Table and Related Almanacs
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...cans, likely because of its brilliance at times, its appearance Creation Mythology in the Dresden Venus Table and Related Almanacs230world in order to be prepared to act to counteract its bad fortune. The Dresden Venus Since the publication of Ernst Förstemann’s commentary of the Dresden Codex (Förstemann 1886), scholars have recognized pages 24 and 46 through 50 to be a divi-...
8. Madrid Yearbearer Celebrations and Creation Mythology
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K’an years (associated with the south and k’an ‘yellow’), gestive of the role played by each as “sustainers of the world.” and that there are a number of congruities between the two sets of deities, most notice-ably their association with the Chaaks. The most important of the Chaako’ob for the contemporary Maya of Yucatán is associated with the eastern horizon; named Kuun-...
9. World Renewal Ceremonies in the Madrid Codex
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...ture that rests on a stone base; its upper part is painted blue, by a k’in glyph) in the section passing by God A’. A turtle tral Mexican mythology identified with the birth of the sun, 246M. 19b Turtle manifested, temple; bloodletting ritual Itzamna and turtleM. 60b Setting up Itzamna trees / blue-painted forked sticks Chaak...
10. A Reconsideration of Maya Deities Associated with Creation
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...in the Maya codices (see, e.g., D. 13c, M. 45c, M. 50c, M. 51c, 10.3). We interpret this as reading ah sip. In this example, he is it is prefixed by a glyph reading k’ak’ ‘fire’. The phonetic interior (Bill 1997; Taube 1992:64; Thompson 1950:76). Several of the depictions of God Y in the Madrid Codex may be related to the month Sip, when the hunt-...
11. Cosmology in the Maya Codices
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That the Maya codices employ references to cosmogony should not come as a sur-prise. The protagonists in practically all of the pictures are gods, who are likewise named in the text captions. We have known from some of the earliest research on the codices that Maya calendrical calculations reach far back into the past, before the time of the earliest Maya settlements, and yet the full extent of the mythological meaning ...
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Page Count: 552
Illustrations: 95 b&w photographs, 56 line drawings
Publication Year: 2013
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth