We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE
OR

The Invasion of Indian Country in the Twentieth Century

American Capitalism and Tribal Natural Resources, Second Editions

By Donald Fixico

Publication Year: 2012

“Fixico’s brilliant study . . . is more than an insightful examination of the fraud and violence experienced by the Osage, Creek, and other individuals and nations at the hands of greedy corporations and ‘gold diggers.’ It covers recent efforts of the Indian governments to gain adequate compensation and protection for their resources. [The Invasion of Indian Country in the Twentieth Century] fills a vast void in our understanding of Indian-white relations.”—James Riding-In, Arizona State University

The Invasion of Indian Country in the Twentieth Century, Second Edition is updated through the first decade of the twenty-first century and contains a new chapter challenging Americans—Indian and non-Indian—to begin healing the earth. This analysis of the struggle to protect not only natural resources but also a way of life serves as an indispensable tool for students or anyone interested in Native American history and current government policy with regard to Indian lands or the environment.

Published by: University Press of Colorado

CONTENTS

pdf iconDownload PDF (42.0 KB)
pp. vii-

read more

PREFACE

pdf iconDownload PDF (56.3 KB)
pp. ix-xiv

Like many people, I have often been stuck in traffic jams in large cities and observed countless automobiles wasting gasoline. Then, while driving through industrial centers with tall smokestacks spewing the remains of burning coal or oil, I have been forced to breathe thick, hazy air with a grayish tint. ...

read more

INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN AND WHITE VALUES

pdf iconDownload PDF (88.9 KB)
pp. xv-xix

When the first Europeans arrived in the Western Hemisphere during the sixteenth century, they sought the land and its natural resources for their own benefit, intent on enriching their homelands. First the Spanish, then the French, followed by the Dutch, the British, and even the Russians laid claims along ...

Part 1: Elements of Indian Society and Policies

read more

1: Jackson Barnett and the Allotment of Muscogee Creek Lands

pdf iconDownload PDF (400.0 KB)
pp. 3-26

Jackson Barnett, a full-blood Muscogee Creek,1 epitomized the exploitation of many Indian people during the allotment of tribal lands between 1887 and the mid-1920s. Caught in the capitalist web of the white world, the Creek and other allotted Indians found their lives chaotic and threatened upon being assigned ...

read more

2: The Osage Murders and Oil

pdf iconDownload PDF (383.9 KB)
pp. 27-54

The murders of the Osage for the royalty money they had received from oil has been called the “reign of terror,” and they represented the most blatant expression of the greed for Indian lands. In one notorious case, more than a dozen murders occurred within one family. Following a three-year investigation ...

read more

3: Struggle for Pueblo Water Rights in the Southwest

pdf iconDownload PDF (717.3 KB)
pp. 55-78

Indian communities in the Southwest have depended on water from the Rio Grande since prehistoric times. Called “the Great River” by the Spanish, the 445-mile Rio Grande is the second longest river in the United States and serves for a lengthy distance as the international boundary between the United States and Mexico. ...

read more

4: Termination of the Klamath and Timberlands in the Pacific Northwest

pdf iconDownload PDF (182.6 KB)
pp. 79-102

Located in southeastern Oregon, the Klamath Reservation is blessed with thick, green stands of timber and embraced by the Cascades sloping from the Rocky Mountains. Tall ponderosa pines and white fir trees drape the land belonging to the Klamath in a natural basin of marshes and streams alive with fish, ...

read more

5: Chippewa Fishing and Hunting Rights in the Great Lakes

pdf iconDownload PDF (463.8 KB)
pp. 103-122

During the 1980s, a long-dormant issue concerning Indian fishing and hunting rights exploded in the state of Wisconsin. Battles in the courts, fistfights at lakes, and racial slurs yelled at Indian people plagued the state as racism caused hostilities pitting whites against Indians. Indian-white relations reached a new low, ...

read more

6: Controversy and Spirituality in the Black Hills

pdf iconDownload PDF (203.8 KB)
pp. 123-140

The Black Hills rest on an extraordinary site of natural beauty with two monuments—Mount Rushmore and the Crazy Horse Mountain—commemorating the long and troubled history between Indians and whites in this area. Indian and white interests differed, and their attitudes clashed. Their cultures were opposites, ...

Part 2: Defense Strategies for Tribal Natural Resources

read more

7: The Demand for Natural Resources on Reservations

pdf iconDownload PDF (168.3 KB)
pp. 143-158

More than 100 years ago, Indian tribal leaders were forced to negotiate with white Americans and the U.S. government for possession of Indian lands. Today’s tribal leaders face a similar situation, due to the growing energy crisis and increased demands for natural resources. Depletion of America’s mineral reserves ...

read more

8: The Council of Energy Resource Tribes

pdf iconDownload PDF (168.6 KB)
pp. 159-176

The long history of the exploitation of Indian tribes for their natural resources provoked great concern among Native Americans and ultimately led tribes with natural resources on their lands to organize. In the 1970s, after more than seventy-five years of losing their resources to whites, the tribes formed ...

read more

9: Battlegrounds in the Courts

pdf iconDownload PDF (103.3 KB)
pp. 177-188

Since the turn of the twentieth century, American Indian tribes have learned new ways to defend the natural resources on their reservations. The days of sending warriors against the U.S. Army have faded into history, and Indian leaders have adopted new tactics as the battleground has shifted. ...

read more

10: Environmental Issues and Tribal Leadership

pdf iconDownload PDF (146.6 KB)
pp. 189-204

In the history of Indian-white relations, the ownership of land has been greatly contested, with almost 2,000 wars and hostile engagements being waged. The outcome became one-sided by the late nineteenth century, and the legacy of exploitation continues today. The essential problem is one of capitalistic greed ...

read more

11: American Indian Philosophy and Global Concerns

pdf iconDownload PDF (114.1 KB)
pp. 205-218

Long ago, the many Indian tribes of the Americas learned to live with the various climates, flora, and fauna of their environments. They developed a relationship with nature, characterized by harmonious respect. Few generalizations cover all of their philosophies, but there are basic points that are relevant when ...

read more

12: Healing the Earth in the Twenty-first Century

pdf iconDownload PDF (109.4 KB)
pp. 219-240

Although human beings are fond of marking each fin-de-siècle with great fanfare (as well as angst), the earth, unfettered from calendars or clocks, knows no difference between the current and previous centuries. In earth knowledge, human measures of time are less relevant. Imagine that instead of a clock ...

Appendix A: CERT Member Tribes and Natural Resources for 1990

pdf iconDownload PDF (88.1 KB)
pp. 241-242

Appendix B: Structure of the Council of Energy Resource Tribes

pdf iconDownload PDF (61.2 KB)
pp. 243-244

Appendix C: Tribal Oil and Gas Production

pdf iconDownload PDF (112.5 KB)
pp. 245-246

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF (1.6 MB)
pp. 247-264

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF (79.0 KB)
pp. 265-278


E-ISBN-13: 9781607321491
E-ISBN-10: 1607321491
Print-ISBN-13: 9781607321484
Print-ISBN-10: 1607321483

Page Count: 304
Publication Year: 2012

Research Areas

Recommend

Subject Headings

  • Natural resources -- United States.
  • Indians of North America -- Land tenure.
  • Indian reservations -- United States.
  • Indians of North America -- Government relations.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access