Contemporary Archaeologies of the Southwest
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University Press of Colorado
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Introduction to Contemporary Archaeologies of the Southwest
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This volume builds on papers presented at the 10th Biennial 2006 Southwest Symposium, entitled “Acts of History: Ritual, Landscape and Historical Archaeology in the U.S. Southwest and Northern Mexico,” held in Las Cruces, New Mexico, January 13–14, 2006. ...
Part 1: Places of Experience and Memory
1: Materialities of Place: Ideology on the Chacoan Landscape
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Landscape is the spatial milieu within which bodies and the social and material worlds intersect. Landscapes involve the archaeologically familiar environment of sites, features, topography, and resources, but they also have sensual and ideological dimensions. The term place emphasizes...
2: Procurement and Landscape: Lithic Quarries as Places
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Raw materials for the flaked stone artifacts found in the archaeological record are strewn across the landscape according to geologic processes of development and exposure. The reason some raw materials are selected over others, however, is often assumed to be a result of the practical...
3: The Sun Dagger Interactive Computer Graphics Model: A Digital Restoration of a Chacoan Calendrical Site
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In 2006 an interdisciplinary team, coordinated by the Solstice Project,1 produced an interactive computer graphics model that precisely replicates the astronomical functioning of an ancient calendrical site, the Sun Dagger, of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. The interactive, three-dimensional...
4: The Lay of the Land: Power, Meaning, and the Social in Landscape Analysis
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The surge of interest in landscape within the last two decades has stemmed largely from the theoretical interests of post-processualism and Marxism. With few exceptions, archaeologists have constructed landscape as an alternative to processualist archaeology’s instrumentalist...
5: Archaeology of the Moment: Creating Place in the Ludlow Strikers' Colony
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On April 19, 1914, the striking coal miners and their families living in the Ludlow strikers’ colony came together to celebrate Greek Easter Sunday. Union leaders and the striking families sang union songs, played baseball, and ended the day with a large community dinner (O’Neal 1971:130). ...
6: Sacred Landscapes, Sacred Acts: The Metaphysics of Emplaced Rituals among Northern Paiute and Hualapai Ghost Dancers
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Among the Paiute and Hualapai of the Great Basin and the Colorado Plateau, ritual dance and song are ancient healing practices that continue to contribute to the creation of sacred places at unique physiographic locations within their aboriginal homelands (Carroll, Zedeño, and Stoffle 2004; Stoffle et al. 2000a; Vander 1986). ...
7: Fire: Accidental or Intentional? An Archaeological Toolkit for Evaluating Accident and Intent in Ancient Structural Fires
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This chapter is intended as a primer for archaeologists interested in the interpretation of ancient structural fires. Here we introduce some fundamental principles, vocabulary, and tools used by fire investigators, engineers, and scientists and explain their significance for archaeology. ...
Part 2: Boundaries and Landscapes of Movement
8: Ancient Social Boundaries Inscribed on the Landscape of the Lower San Pedro Valley
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In this chapter we examine evolving social boundaries marked on the landscape of the San Pedro River Valley of southeastern Arizona (figure 8.1) between AD 750 and 1450. Using both archaeological and ethnographic data, we present a model of identities in flux, and changing...
9: El Morro Valley as Crossroads, El Morrow Valley as Gathering Place": Understanding the Social Landscape of the Eastern Cibola Region through the Archaeological and Historical Record
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Archaeological, ethnographic, and historical research conducted in the Cibola region over the past 130 years has provided an excellent view of the development of social and cultural landscapes. The first anthropologists working in the area were among the earliest to recognize...
10: Social Identity and Memory: Interactions between Apaches and Mormons on a Frontier Lanscape
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Using documentary evidence, oral traditions, and archaeological remains, in this chapter I examine a brief period of interaction between the White Mountain Apache and Mormon colonists in the Forestdale Valley of Arizona. Archaeological evidence and oral traditions support the claim...
11: Landscape Use at San Agustín
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The concept of “landscape” is difficult to define, even for landscape historians such as John Brinckerhoff Jackson. Archaeologists have done little better. The application of the landscape concept in archaeology is extraordinarily diverse: from simple one-to-one replacement for...
12: Ephemeral Sites and Inertia along El Camino Real del Tierra Adentro: Evidence from Nearly Two Decades of Archaeological Research
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The Camino Real was the first truly long-distance route European colonialists established in the Western Hemisphere. It extended 1,600 miles—from near Mexico City to near Santa Fe, New Mexico—and was officially in use for about 300 years, from AD 1598 (when Don Juan de Oñate...
13: Investigating Differential Persistence of Pueblo Population
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Recent archaeological study of Native American demographic change since European conquest has focused almost exclusively on the question of catastrophic decline. Since the mid-twentieth century, however, Native Americans have shown unprecedented growth. ...
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Page Count: 312
Illustrations: 17 b&w photos, 5 line drawings, 13 maps, 5 tables
Publication Year: 2011