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The Mexican Revolution

Conflict and Consolidation, 1910-1940

Assad Marti´nez Carlos

Publication Year: 2013

In 1910 insurgent leaders crushed the Porfirian dictatorship, but in the years that followed fought among themselves, until a nationalist consensus produced the 1917 Constitution. This in turn provided the basis for a reform agenda that transformed Mexico in the modern era. The civil war and the reforms that followed receive new and insightful attention in this book.

These essays, the result of the 45th annual Walter Prescott Webb Memorial Lectures, presented by the University of Texas at Arlington in March 2010, commemorate the centennial of the outbreak of the revolution.

A potent mix of factors—including the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few thousand hacienda owners, rancheros, and foreign capitalists; the ideological conflict between the Diaz government and the dissident regional reformers; and the grinding poverty afflicting the majority of the nation’s eleven million industrial and rural laborers—provided the volatile fuel that produced the first major political and social revolution of the twentieth century. The conflagration soon swept across the Rio Grande; indeed, The Mexican Revolution shows clearly that the struggle in Mexico had tremendous implications for the American Southwest. During the years of revolution, hundreds of thousands of Mexican citizens crossed the border into the United States. As a result, the region experienced waves of ethnically motivated violence, economic tensions, and the mass expulsions of Mexicans and US citizens of Mexican descent.

Published by: Texas A&M University Press

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Preface

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pp. vii-x

The Mexican Revolution is one of the seminal chapters in the history of Mexico. More than any other single event, the revolution was responsible for creating the modern Mexican nation-state by contributing to a greater degree of democratization, land reform, anticlericalism, and other far-reaching changes in Mexican society. ...

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Introduction: The Mexican Revolution

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pp. 1-6

This fine collection of essays provides an essential understanding of the twentieth century’s first monumental social and political upheaval. The deeper nature of the revolution—the altering of class relationships, immigration and its influence on the border population, the survival strategies of the oligarchy, the fate of revolutionary peasants and workers, ...

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1. Decade of Disorder: The Execution of León Martínez Jr. and Mexican/Anglo Race Relations in Texas during the First Four Years of the Mexican Revolution

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pp. 7-34

On May 11, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson read this tribute to the nineteen servicemen who had been killed in action at the Mexican port of Veracruz weeks earlier. A memorial procession bearing the dead soldiers traveled through the streets of New York City. The parade of vehicles passed one million onlookers, ...

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2. “Wire Me before Shooting”: Federalism in (In)action—The Texas-Mexico Border during the Revolution, 1910–1920

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pp. 35-57

The Rio Grande region has a long history of rustling, smuggling, banditry, and revolutionary activity. By the early twentieth century, however, Mexico had experienced a lengthy period of relative stability under Porfirio Díaz while, on the Texas side of the river, the area seemed to be leaving behind its troubled past and pursuing economic development. ...

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3. The Rhetoric and Reality of Nationalism: Monterrey in the Revolution

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pp. 58-88

Monterrey, northeast Mexico’s most important city and one of the Huerta government’s few remaining bastions, was under siege by Constitutionalist forces on April 21, 1914, when news reached the city that US marines had landed at Veracruz. A patriotic, anti-US response was immediately set in motion. ...

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4. Creating a Schizophrenic Border: Migration and Perception, 1920–1925

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pp. 89-116

When Álvaro Obregón came to the presidency of Mexico on December 1, 1920, Mexico was just emerging from the devastation of a ten-year civil war, and disorders continued in the countryside. As a Sonoran from northern Mexico, he was intensely aware of the significance of the United States, and he wanted its respect for his citizens there, as well as respect and respectability for his country and administration. ...

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5. Revolutionary Mexican Nationalism and the Mexican Immigrant Community in Los Angeles during the Great Depression: Memory, Identity, and Survival

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pp. 117-134

My study of the Mexican Revolution began very early in my career as a historian. It was at the age of six during the first grade, but this was not part of the first-grade curriculum of Sister Anne Marie at Saint Michael’s Elementary School in Los Angeles, California, during the 1950s. ...

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6. From the Caudillo to Tata Lázaro: The Maximato in Perspective, 1928–1934

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pp. 135-160

On September 1, 1928, President Plutarco Elías Calles delivered to Mexico’s assembled congress his final informe, the annual state-of-the-nation address. The speech came with much anticipation. Only six weeks before, a Catholic assassin had killed Calles’s predecessor, General Álvaro Obregón, who had just been elected to a second term in office. ...

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7. Revolution without Resonance? Mexico’s “Fiesta of Bullets” and Its Aftermath in Chiapas, 1910–1940

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pp. 161-186

At first blush, a reassessment of the Mexican Revolution in the impoverished southern state of Chiapas would seem to be a dry, rather pointless exercise. After all, Chiapas has been geographically and politically marginal to Mexico for most of its existence. During the violent decade of 1910–1920, Chiapas was relatively calm for the first four years. ...

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8. Back to Centralism, 1920–1940

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pp. 187-211

In this era of change, of a profound review of our history, we have to ask ourselves once again about the actions of the victors and the vanquished, the former consecrated in officially sanctioned history, and the latter still seeking their place in it. All of them come together, however, to demonstrate again the richness of Mexican history, ...

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9. The Mexican Revolution: One Century of Reflections, 1910–2010

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pp. 212-240

As the opening epigraph to this chapter suggests,1 the Mexican Revolution was one of the titanic revolutions of modern history. It was a jumbled combination of several popular uprisings that destroyed a prolonged dictatorship and gave rise to significant political, social, and economic reforms. ...

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About the Contributors

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pp. 241-244

Carlos Martínez Assad is on the faculty of the Social and Political Sciences Department, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. He received his PhD in political sociology at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, University of Paris, France. ...

Index

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pp. 245-251

Further Reading, Back Cover

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pp. 265-266


E-ISBN-13: 9781603449557
E-ISBN-10: 1603449558
Print-ISBN-13: 9781603448161

Page Count: 264
Illustrations: 20 b&w photos. 2 maps. Index.
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Walter Prescott Webb Memorial Lectures, published for the University of Texas at Arlington by Texas A&M University Press

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Subject Headings

  • Mexico -- History -- Revolution, 1910-1920 -- Political aspects.
  • Mexico -- History -- Revolution, 1910-1920 -- Influence.
  • Mexico -- History -- Revolution, 1910-1920 -- Social aspects.
  • Mexican-American Border Region -- History -- 20th century.
  • Mexican-American Border Region -- Ethnic relations -- Political aspects -- History -- 20th century.
  • Nationalism -- Mexico -- History -- 20th century.
  • Mexico -- History -- 1910-1946.
  • Texas -- History -- 1846-1950.
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