Texas State Parks and the CCC
Publication Year: 2013
In Texas State Parks and the CCC: The Legacy of the Civilian Conservation Corps, Cynthia Brandimarte has mined the organization’s archives, as well as those of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission and the Texas Department of Transportation, to compile a rich visual record of how this New Deal program left an indelible stamp on many of the parks we still enjoy today.
Some fifty thousand men were enrolled in the CCC in Texas. Between 1933 and 1942, they constructed trails, cabins, concession buildings, bathhouses, dance pavilions, a hotel, and a motor court. Before they arrived, the state’s parklands consisted of fourteen parks on about 800 acres, but by the end of World War II, CCC workers had helped create a system of forty-eight parks on almost 60,000 acres throughout Texas.
Accompanied by many never-published images that reveal all aspects of the CCC in Texas, from architectural plans to camp life, Texas State Parks and the CCC covers the formation and development of the CCC and its design philosophy; the building of the parks and the daily experiences of the workers; the completion and management of the parks in the first decades after the war; and the ongoing process of maintaining and preserving the iconic structures that define the rustic, handcrafted look of the CCC.
With a call for greater appreciation of these historical resources, especially in light of the recent Bastrop fire, which threatened one of the state’s most popular CCC-era destinations, Brandimarte profiles twenty-nine parks, providing a descriptive history of each and information on its CCC company, the dates of CCC activity, and the CCC-built structures still existing within the park.
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Foreword: By Carter Smith
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T_he late state representative W. R. Chambers got it right. As he wryly noted to the Dallas Morning News in a comment on the makings behind a viable state park, “It requires more than a cow pasture and an excited chamber of commerce to make Be assured that the history of the Texas state park system is as scintillating and varied as the history contained within the grounds of the parks themselves. Tales ...
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T_he story of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and how it built state parks in Texas between one.oldstylenine.oldstylethree.oldstylethree.oldstyle and one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyletwo.oldstyle needs to be told for those who steward the parks, the millions of Texans and others who visit them each year, the communities where the parks are located, and descendants of CCC workers who toiled so hard to build T_he CCC was one of several large projects launched by the federal government ...
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T_his illustrated publication is the culmination of many years’ ef_fort by those at Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) who work as historians, architects, superintendents, archivists, curators, rangers, interpreters, artists, archeologists, resource managers, and general CCC enthusiasts, along with agency contrac-tors and Texas students and scholars. T_he generosity of the Hillcrest Foundation, ...
List of Abbreviations
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chapter 1: the ccc creates a texas state Parks system
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When Franklin D. Roosevelt became president in March one.oldstylenine.oldstylethree.oldstylethree.oldstyle, the United States was experiencing the worst economic depression in its history. Fac-tories had closed, banks and companies had become bankrupt, and a quarter of all workers were unemployed. Agricultural income had plummeted, and debts, exacer bated by an unprecedented drought in the Southwest, had driven many farmers from their land. To get the nation back on its feet, Roosevelt created an ...
chapter 2: Building ccc Parks in texas
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...f_t er the f_i rst CCC camp in the United States opened in Virginia in April one.oldstylenine.oldstylethree.oldstylethree.oldstyle, Texas was quick to follow suit, and its f_i rst CCC camp opened a month later in Kirbyville. T_h e nearly f_i f_ty thousand people who worked in the CCC in Texas during the next decade were organized in some two hundred companies and pro-vided the state with millions of dollars’ worth of labor.one.fitted T_h e CCC’s contributions to ...
chapter 3: the ccc Legacy’s First Half century
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By the early one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstylezero.oldstyles, many CCC enrollees had completed their time in camps and lef_t their CCC work experiences behind. But on December seven.oldstyle, one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyleone.oldstyle, the Japa-nese bombed Pearl Harbor, and the United States declared war against Japan and Germany within the next few days. During the months that followed, former CCC enrollees found themselves wearing new uniforms as members of the US armed forces, into which they quickly enlisted or were soon draf_t ed. ...
chapter 4: Preserving the Legacy
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...s one.oldstylenine.oldstyleeight.oldstylethree.oldstyle approached, the NPS, many state park systems, CCC alumni groups, and others prepared to celebrate the f_i f_t ieth anniversary of the Civilian Con-servation Corps. Becoming of_f_i cially “historic” at f_i f_t y, according to criteria of the National Register of Historic Places, the buildings, features, and landscapes of CCC parks became objects of scholars’ studies, stewards’ enthusiasm, and alumni cele-...
epilogue: Inferno at Bastrop on Labor Day Weekend 2011
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This and other reports of a f_i re in Bastrop State Park and the f_i ght by CCC workers to extinguish it appeared in area newspapers on March one.oldstyletwo.oldstyle, one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyletwo.oldstyle. T_h e builders of the park, CCC Companies one.oldstyleeight.oldstylezero.oldstylefive.oldstyle and one.oldstyleeight.oldstyleone.oldstyleone.oldstyle, had vacated the park in Octo-ber one.oldstylenine.oldstylethree.oldstylenine.oldstyle.one.fitted Although they were not present to f_i ght the one.oldstylenine.oldstylefour.oldstyletwo.oldstyle f_i re, other CCC com-panies were nearby, most important, a company at the Lake Austin CCC camp. Superintendent C. L. Turner was therefore able to send forty-two workers to f_i ght, ...
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Location: Taylor County, near Buf_f alo Gap and Tuscola, FM eight.oldstylenine.oldstyle to Park Road three.oldstyletwo.oldstyleDates of CCC activity: one.oldstylenine.oldstylethree.oldstylethree.oldstyle–one.oldstylenine.oldstylethree.oldstylefive.oldstyleCCC companies: one.oldstyleeight.oldstyletwo.oldstylethree.oldstyle(V) and one.oldstyleeight.oldstyletwo.oldstylethree.oldstyle(CV)CCC construction: Concession building, swimming pool, two pool shelters, pergo-las, water tower, stone pump house, stone seats and picnic tables, round table, and ...
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Page Count: 188
Illustrations: 113 color, 110 b&w photos. Index. Bib.
Publication Year: 2013
Edition: Travel Guides