The Origins of Anti-Discrimination Policy in Texas and the Southwest
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
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List of Tables
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Chapter 1. Introduction
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How and when to protect groups from discrimination is an enduring puzzle in American politics. Designing policies and navigating the political landscapes of institutions have arisen as concerns throughout American political history. Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, Latinos have become the largest community of color and minority group in the United States, constituting 15.8...
Chapter 2. Transnational Networks and the Fair Employment Practices
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The impetus for American policy development and delivery includes both internal and external factors. Civil rights policy development in its initial stages was often characterized by a combination of global influences and involvement from social movements. The United Statesâ interest in maintaining and improving relations with Mexico helped lead to the FEPC making enhanced...
Chapter 3. Identifying and Exploring: Discovering People of Mexican
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To provide services for the community of people of Mexican origin, the FEPC had to discover who the community was, learn who its leaders were, and explore the specific job discrimination members of the community experienced. In 1941 people of Mexican origin were virtually unknown; indeed, even in 1954, when Carlos Cadena was arguing Hernandez v. Texas before the Supreme Court, he...
Chapter 4. State Building on the Ground: The Institutional
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The period characterized as the first FEPC, 1941 to 1943, showed both the opportunities and constraints of the agency. The experience of the first FEPC allowed the agency to engage in some small-scale social learning regarding people of Mexican origin, building understanding of the particular needs the community faced. Through that social learning, the idea of federal intervention...
Chapter 5. Good Neighbors and Good Citizens: People of Mexican
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Previous chapters have explored how community involvement and transnational and international pressures influenced the direction of the FEPC. But how did the FEPC influence people of Mexican origin, in particular the small group of civil rights leaders such as Carlos CastaÃ±eda who became so involved with the agency? How would the tactics of a group virtually shut of out of the...
Chapter 6. Laboratories of Democracy? People of Mexican Origin
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The development of fair employment policy in the United States began during the Second World War when Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, creating the United Statesâ first federal antidiscrimination agency, the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC). The temporary wartime FEPC, in existence from 1941 to 1946, focused on employment discrimination, leading...
Chapter 7. Conclusion
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The Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) provided people of Mexican origin with their first opportunity for small-scale state building in an expanding federal government. World War II provided the justification for a significant increase in the United Statesâ state capacity, including the first antidiscrimination agency. Incorporating people of Mexican origin into the FEPC provided a framework for...
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Page Count: 176
Illustrations: Bib. Index.
Publication Year: 2012
Series Title: Peopling of the Americas Publications
Series Editor Byline: Waters, Michael R.