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Texas Health Atlas

Lawrence E. Estaville , Kristine Egan, and Abel Galaviz, MD; Forewords by Nancy Dickey and Marcos J. de Lima

Publication Year: 2012

With almost two hundred pages of original demographic and health-related maps that display county-by-county and regional information covering everything from the distribution of pharmacies, trauma centers, and emergency rooms to the number of lung, colon, and breast cancer patients in major metropolitan areas (by ZIP code), the Texas Health Atlas provides an indispensable tool for healthcare providers and planners, risk managers, public officials and policymakers, public health workers, and university researchers and students.  The authors have mined an immense array of previously scattered information and created a singular resource that provides a geographical perspective on the state’s health care system, medical services, insidious diseases, harmful behaviors, and health disparities among various segments of its population. At a time when nearly a quarter of the 25 million people who live in Texas do not have health insurance—giving Texas the highest uninsured rate of any state—and as policymakers and legislators struggle with rising costs, an aging citizenry, and the prospect of more uncertainties for the healthcare system in the years ahead, the need for quick access to accurate information is greater than ever. Texas Health Atlas provides valuable insights that can guide the decisions needed for the state’s economic wellbeing and the improved health of its citizens.

Published by: Texas A&M University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi


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pp. vii-x

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pp. xi-xii

HEALTH, HEALTH CARE, AND HEALTH care policy have become increasingly hot topics over the last decades. Nearly 20% of the economy is encompassed by health and health care; a substantive portion of the US population—and a larger portion of the Texas population—do not have insurance coverage to facilitate access to appropriate health care. President Barrack Obama has led an effort to pass a wide ranging bill that would address how health care is delivered, paid for, and distributed....

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pp. xiii-xiv

AS A MEDICAL RESEARCHER AND PHYSICIAN, I know that the spatial dimensions of health issues and disease are critical. I am therefore delighted to introduce to you the Texas Health Atlas, a fine geographical work. This atlas, the first of its kind for Texas, provides direct information in a practical format, without losing comprehensiveness and attention to details, and is broad...


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pp. xv-xvi

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pp. xvii-xx

HEALTH CARE FOR THE PAST SEVERAL years has been a controversial issue in the United States. Texas has not been isolated from this debate. At the core of these deliberations in Texas is the fact that nearly a quarter of the state’s 25 million people do not have health insurance, the highest uninsured rate of any state (Turner, Boudreaux, and Lynch 2009) and certainly...

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Chapter 1: Demographics

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pp. 1-21

THIS CHAPTER HIGHLIGHTS THE demographic profile that contextualizes Texas’ main ethnic groups, their educational attainment, and economic conditions as they relate to the data and maps in the following chapters about the state’s health- care system, medical services, diseases, harmful behaviors, and health disparities....

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Chapter 2: Medical Services

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pp. 22-49

AS THEY ARE IN OTHER STATES, HEALTHcare personnel, hospitals, and various medical facilities, such as trauma centers, medical radiation units, assisted- living facilities, and hospices, are concentrated in Texas’ large cities. The Texas Medical Center in Houston, the largest in the world, has highly rated hospitals, internationally recognized medical experts, and cuttingedge...

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Chapter 3: Perinatal and Birth Conditions and Anomalies

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pp. 50-64

TEXAS COUNTIES HAD A MEAN RATE OF 85 teenage birth mothers per 100,000 population in 2006. Yet several of the Hispanic- majority counties in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and some counties in the Panhandle had rates of more than 120, the highest in the state. An examination of each of the state’s three major ethnic groups shows the rate of teenage birth mothers per...

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Chapter 4: Cancer

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pp. 65-101

CANCER IS THE OUT- OF-CONTROL GROWTH of abnormal cells and accounts for nearly one of every four deaths in the United States. Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the United States, exceeded only by heart disease. According to the American Cancer Society (2010), cancer will strike one of two men and one...

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Chapter 5: Diseases of Body Systems

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pp. 102-158

JUST AS HIGH RATES OF CANCERS HAVE been shown to occur in certain areas, in the period 2004– 2007 diseases of body systems also display geographic groupings in Texas, particularly in East and South Texas and, to a far lesser degree, in the Panhandle. Table 5.1 encapsulates the ethnic clusters of high rates for several diseases of body systems (number of hospital patients discharged per 100,000 population)....

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Chapter 6: Harmful Behaviors, Infectious Diseases, and Injuries

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pp. 159-177

OBESITY IS AN EPIDEMIC IN TEXAS, especially among the Hispanic and black populations. The National Institutes of Health (2010) defines obesity as a score of 30 or more on its Body Mass Index. Texas ranked tenth in the nation for the proportion of its population who were obese in 2005– 27% (6.2 million people). The mean for the nation was 24.4%. By 2010...

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Chapter 7: Mental Diseases

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pp. 178-191

IN 2010, AN ESTIMATED 5.3 MILLION Americans had Alzheimer’s disease (AD), and, of these, 340,000 were Texans. Unless a cure or prevention is found, the incidence of AD will triple by 2050. Alzheimer’s affects up to 10% of people 65 and older and up to 50% of those 85 and older. Direct and indirect costs of AD and other dementias nationally are more than $170 billion annually. Texas ranks third in the United States in...

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Chapter 8: County Health Factors and Outcomes

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pp. 192-200

FIVE HEALTH FACTORS MAPS AND THREE Health Outcomes maps summarize the health data profile for Texas. In 2010, the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute published County Health Rankings, an online report for the entire United States based on county- level data. Two of the major research findings resulted in sets of maps by state for health factors and health outcomes....

Texas Medical Timeline

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pp. 201-208


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pp. 209-216


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pp. 217-221

E-ISBN-13: 9781603447485
E-ISBN-10: 1603447482
Print-ISBN-13: 9781603445795
Print-ISBN-10: 160344579X

Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 189 maps. 3 tables. Bib. Index.
Publication Year: 2012

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Subject Headings

  • Public health -- Texas -- Maps.
  • Medical care -- Utilization -- Texas -- Maps.
  • Texas -- Statistics, Vital -- Maps.
  • Texas -- Statistics, Medical -- Maps.
  • Medical geography -- Texas -- Maps.
  • Medical geography -- Texas -- Statistics.
  • Atlases. -- lcgft.
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