Black Women in Texas History
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
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Within the past three and one-half decades, scholars have amassed a rich body of literature dealing with black women’s history, struggles, survival, and progress. Yet, the literature on black women in Texas leaves a lot to be desired. Ruthe Winegarten, Black Texas Women: 150 Years of Trials and Triumphs, is the only topical anthology, and there is ...
Black Texas Women: Making Community
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In Darlene Clark Hine’s fi rst-rate collection of essays, with its aptly named title, Hine Sight: Black Women and the Re-Construction of American History ...
1. Black Women duringSlavery to 1865
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Africans and their descendants have been a part of Texas history for as long as Europeans and their descendants have. An African slave named Esteban accompanied the fi rst Spanish expedition and exploration of land that eventually became part of Texas. Like the Spanish and later French explorers, the first Africans in Texas were male. Al-...
2. Texas Freedwomen during Reconstruction, 1865–1874
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Although much as been written on varied aspects of Reconstruction, until recently little in-depth research has appeared in print regarding the lives of freedwomen in Texas after the Civil War; it is an oversight that needs to be corrected. At the end of the Civil War approximately 85,000 to 90,000 slave women resided in Texas, as did only a few free ...
3. “Us Has Ever Lived De Useful Life”: African American Women in Texas, 1874–1900
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As the dust of Reconstruction settled in 1874, Texas freed people found themselves largely dependent upon their own resources. More than 250,000 African Americans lived in Texas, comprising almost a third of the state’s population, and more were arriving from the southeastern United States every day. They were overwhelmingly poor, having ...
4. Time of Transition: Black Women in Early Twentieth-century Texas, 1900–1930
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By 1900, African American women in Texas endured slavery, achieved a limited degree of freedom during Reconstruction, and adapted to their particular role in Texas society in the generation after Reconstruction. Th e succeeding thirty years would be a “time of transition,” in which changes occurred in the lives of numerous black Texas women. The ...
5. At the Crossroads: Black Texas Women, 1930-1954
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Set in motion by the stock market crash of 1929, the Great Depression was one of the most catastrophic periods in U.S. history. All Americans suffered measures of economic dislocation, but none more than the African American female. At the beginning of the Depression, 40 percent of African American women were in the work force. By 1931 ...
6. African American Women in the Civil Rights Era, 1954–1974
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On August 28, 1963, a crowd of more than 200,000 people of different races, ethnicities, and sexes gathered in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. In what became a rally, a celebration, the peaceful ...
7. Expanded Opportunities: Black Women in the Modern Era, 1974-2000
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In 1974, the people of the United States experienced a great watershed in American history. Brought before the House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, President Richard Nixon stood accused of illegal activities connected to the Republican political cover-up of the 1972 Watergate break-in wherein Republican party operatives slipped into ...
8. Contemporary Black Texas Women: Political and Educational Leadership, 1974-2000
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As the American female population approached the last quarter of the twentieth century, it was for them a time of questioning and equivocation. As the epigraph heading this chapter demonstrates, this was especially ...
Black Women in Texas History: Selected Bibliography
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Allen, Ruth. “Th e Negro Woman.” In Th e Labor of Women in the Production of Cotton, 174–208. Bureau of Research in the Social Sciences. Austin: Armstead, Johnnie M. “Black Women and Texas History.” In Bricks without Straw: A Comprehensive History of African Americans in Texas, edited by Ashbaugh, Carolyn. Lucy Parsons, American Revolutionary. Chicago: Kerr, ...
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Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 2 tables.
Publication Year: 2008