Farm Workers and the Churches
The Movement in California and Texas
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
This work was successfully completed due to many persons who helped me at various stages. My thanks to Mary Lenn Dixon and others at the Texas A&M University Press for many editorial labors and to Dawn Hall for copyediting. Thanks, too, to my academic mentors at Vanderbilt University, namely, John Fitzmier, Dale Johnson, the late Howard Harrod...
Chapter 1. Introduction
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On 1 April 1994, nearly 750 people assembled in the vineyards of Delano, California, about thirty miles north of Bakersfield. Before beginning a 330-mile march to the state capital in Sacramento, they celebrated a morning mass. During this service of worship, farm workers laid offerings on an altar adorned by a statue of La Virgen de Guadalupe, patroness saint...
Part 1: California
Chapter 2. The Church, Home Missions, and Farm Labor in California, 1920-40
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In the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 Mexico ceded most of the present-day states of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, Nevada, and California to the United States, officially opening California to further Anglo-American immigration. The following year miners discovered gold near Sacramento, and one of the greatest mixtures of humanity in world history...
Chapter 3. From Service to Advocacy, 1940-64
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As a result of World War II, a number of Mexican Americans realized significant economic gains in the 1940s and 1950s. The enrollment of minorities in the armed forces helped to weaken racial obstacles and open up new opportunities for them. A few Mexican Americans also took advantage of the G.I. Bill and attended college. Others worked as civil employees...
Chapter 4. Religion and La Causa in California, 1962-70
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Several factors led to the 1970 contract between the United Farm Workers and the table grape growers of California. Chief among them was the growing self-awareness of Mexican Americans as a political force. President Lyndon B. Johnson's War on Poverty stimulated some of this awakening. Newly established government programs, many of which aggressively...
Part 2: Texas
Chapter 5. Churches, Mexicans, and Farm Labor in Texas, 1930-60
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Unlike California, Texas did not suddenly become populated by men seeking fortunes in gold. Nor did large groups of midwesterners pour into Texas in response to real-estate promotions. Instead, the Lone Star State received a steady stream of immigrants over the course of an entire century. Small Anglo-American colonies were first established in the 1820s...
Chapter 6. The Church and the Farm Worker Movement in South Texas, 1966-69
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As in California, the lives of some Mexican Americans in Texas improved in the 1940s and 1950s. A number of them found work at the state's military bases and in manufacturing. Although often employed in unskilled jobs, they at least escaped dependence on part-time and exploitative farm labor. On the political front, the League of United Latin American...
Chapter 7. Conclusion
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This work has explored the roles played by and the interactions among several Christian traditions in the farm worker movement, culminating in events of the 1960s. In seeking to shed greater light on religious beliefs and practices in the context of this phenomenon, I have employed the interpretive lens of the (now Old) New Western History. This lens was...
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Page Count: 264
Illustrations: 20 b&w photos. Bib. Index.
Publication Year: 2010