Five Decades of House Democratic Leadership, 1937–1989
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
Download PDF (182.2 KB)
The research for this book required travel to many archival collections. We are grateful to several organizations that provided travel grants that allowed us to visit a number of collections: Deanâs Fund, University of Vermont; Earlham Foundation; John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum; Loyola College Summer Research Grant; Morris K. Udall ...
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION
Download PDF (295.1 KB)
In 1940, the Speaker of the U.S. House was a Democrat from a district on the Texas- Oklahoma border. The majority leader was a Catholic Democrat from a Greater Boston district. Thirty six years later the Speaker was a Democrat from a district on the Texas- Oklahoma border and the majority leader was a Catholic Democrat ...
CHAPTER 2. JOE BAILEY
Download PDF (469.1 KB)
Joseph Weldon Bailey was the first Texan to achieve a chamber leadership position in the U.S. House of Representatives, having become Democratic leader by the age of thirty-four in 1897. Because the Republicans controlled the House while he was the Democratic leader, Bailey never reached the Speakership. ...
CHAPTER 3. JOHN NANCE GARNER
Download PDF (449.1 KB)
History has not treated John Nance Garner favorably. He is best remembered as Franklin Rooseveltâs two-term vice president who rebelled against Rooseveltâs left-leaning tendencies and challenged Rooseveltâs decision to seek a third term. Historian Joe Frantz questioned whether Garner âbrought any...
Download PDF (819.1 KB)
pp. g 1-g 12
CHAPTER 4. SAM RAYBURN
Download PDF (529.3 KB)
When John Nance Garner ascended to the vice presidency with the landslide 1932 election, it opened a vacancy in the Speakerâs chair. In the House, as in the nation as a whole, the Democratic Party had become a national one. The âNew Deal coalitionâ included large numbers of both conservative southerners and liberal northerners, ...
CHAPTER 5. JOHN W. MCCORMACK
Download PDF (460.1 KB)
Few, if any, congressmen had the wealth of political experience in the House that John McCormack had prior to becoming Speaker. Although McCormack completed nine consecutive years as Speaker, at that time a record, he faced open rebellions against his leadership from members of his own party. McCormack, unlike his friend and predecessor Sam Rayburn, ...
CHAPTER 6. SAM RAYBURN'S BOYS: WHO WILL LEAD?
Download PDF (533.1 KB)
With Rayburnâs death, a great void was left in the leadership of the House Democrats. At issue was not only who would replace Rayburn, but how the fragile coalition could be maintained through the Kennedy years. A relevant issue was which member might most closely bring Rayburnâs skills to bear on the Congress. Although ...
CHAPTER 7. BACK TO BOSTON: TIP O'NEILL
Download PDF (467.1 KB)
When Tip OâNeill was elected Speaker in January 1977, he became the third Speaker of the House from Massachusetts in thirty years. In addition to John McCormackâOâNeillâs principal mentor in the Houseâwho served from Sam Rayburnâs death in 1961 until retirement in 1971, Speaker Joe Martin, the Republican from ...
CHAPTER 8. JIM WRIGHT: THE LAST TEXAN
Download PDF (473.4 KB)
On December 30, 1971, a reflective Jim Wright wrote in his journal that a change had come over him in terms of his career goals: âNo longer do the ï¬ res of ambition burn so brightly. A person begins to accept himself, to be content with lesser gains, to moderate his demands on himself. Maybe just in the last year have I really acknowledged that I wonât ever be President. ...
CHAPTER 9. CONCLUSION: THE IMPACT OF THE AUSTIN-BOSTON ALLIANCE ON HOUSE POLITICS
Download PDF (429.3 KB)
The Austin- Boston alliance was established during the later years of Franklin Rooseveltâs New Deal and in the aftermath of FDRâs thwarted efforts to pack the Supreme Court in 1937 and the failure of his 1938 âpurgeâ of conservative congressional Democrats. The loss of FDRâs enormous congressional majorities and the rise of the inter-regional Conservative ...
Download PDF (526.6 KB)
Download PDF (337.0 KB)
Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 17 b&w photos. 5 charts.
Publication Year: 2009