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Texans and War

New Interpretations of the State's Military History

Edited by Alexander Mendoza and Charles David Grear

Publication Year: 2012

Published by: Texas A&M University Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Illustrations

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pp. ix-x

Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-xvi

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Introduction

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pp. 1-14

Texas is forever associated with the concept of war. From pre-Columbian Indian conflicts, its inception as a nation and later a state, to modern times, conflict has largely been present in the Lone Star. Battlefields are found throughout the state, from the Battle of Rattlesnake Springs in the trans-Pecos to the Battle of Sabine

Part I: Texans Fighting through Time: Thematic Topics

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pp. 15-16

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1. The Indian Wars of Texas: A Lipan Apache Perspective

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pp. 17-37

The American Indian wars of Texas began centuries before Francisco Coronado led his expedition of Spanish explorers, treasure seekers, and missionaries across the Texas Panhandle en route to Quivera. The archeological record suggests that Indian violence was common in the Southwest and Great...

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2. Tejanos at War: A History of Mexican Texans in American Wars

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pp. 38-68

On September 12, 1918, Pvt. Marcelino Serna, part of the 89th Division, IV Corps, First Army, received orders to move toward the German Army’s lines at a salient near St. Mihiel. The main assault focused on the German 1st Division and was to attack the small town of Vigneulles, about twelve miles behind the enemy’s...

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3. Texas Women at War

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pp. 69-96

From the struggle for independence from Mexico to the war in Iraq, Texas women continue to contribute to war efforts with their time, money, and occasionally their lives. In the legendary Battle of the Alamo, Susanna Dickenson survived to tell the tale of what happened within the walls of the fortified...

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4. The Influence of War and Military Service on African Texans

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pp. 97-112

War and Military service confronted African Texans with a variety of challenges and opportunities at different times from the Spanish colonial period through the twentieth century. In the years of slavery, that institution might be strengthened or weakened by conflict, with mixed results for...

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5. The Patriot-Warrior Mystique: John S. Brooks, Walter P. Lane, Samuel H. Walker, and the Adventurous Quest for Renown

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pp. 113-132

In the 1830s and 1840s, Texas served as a beacon to a restless generation of American men who sought to quell an often uneasy longing for adventure. When they crossed the Sabine, young men like John S. Brooks, Walter P. Lane, and Samuel H. Walker followed adolescent daydreams fraught with images of masculine...

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6. “All Eyes of Texas Areon Comal County”: German Texans’ Loyalty during the Civil War and World War I

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pp. 133-154

New Braunfels, Texas, the seat of Comal County, has a notable history of German culture and heritage. German settlers established the city in 1845 near the eastern edge of the Hill Country along the banks of the Comal and Guadalupe Rivers and on the major transportation route between San Antonio and...

Part II: Wars in Texas History: Chronological Conflicts

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pp. 155-156

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7. Between Imperial Warfare: Crossing of the Smuggling Frontier and Transatlantic Commerce on the Louisiana-Texas Borderlands, 1754–1785

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pp. 157-177

In the fall of 1762, French officials at Natchitoches learned that a German deserter named Christophe Haische sold stolen goods to soldiers at the nearby Spanish fort of Los Adaes. Haische bartered twenty-five pounds of gunpowder and thirty-four pounds of ammunition with Antonio Gil Ybarbo in exchange for...

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8. The Mexican-American War: Reflections on an Overlooked Conflict

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pp. 178-195

The Mexican-American War lasted from 1846 to 1848, and by the time it was over, Mexico had lost half its territory to the United States and gasped the final breaths of North American dominance. The annexation of Texas was a major contributing factor to this war, and the state served as one of the front lines of...

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9. The Prolonged War: Texans Struggle to Win the Civil War during Reconstruction

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pp. 196-212

Traditionally, historians have viewed the American Civil War (1861–65) and the Reconstruction era (1865–77) as two distinct and separate periods in US history. Though this approach provides a convenient way to understand two very complex eras, it tends to skew the general understanding of the violence that...

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10. The Texas Immunes in the Spanish-American War

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pp. 213-226

On April 21, 1898, upon Pres. William McKinley’s request, Congress authorized him to use US military power to bring the Cuban revolution to an end. Two days later he issued a call to the state governors to provide 125,000 men to form a temporary volunteer army to supplement the regular forces...

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11. Surveillance on the Border: American Intelligence and the Tejano Community during World War I

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pp. 227-247

On March 3, 1917, two days after word reached the press of the British government’s interception and decoding of the soon-to-be infamous “Zimmermann note,” the New York Times hailed Mexico’s apparent rejection of German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann’s proposal for an anti-American alliance. Nevertheless...

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12. Texan Prisoners of the Japanese: A Study in Survival

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pp. 248-268

As he looked back on his experiences as a prisoner of the Japanese in the Second World War, Texas native Clyde Shelton explained his survival: “I never did give up. I never heard an American that was in the service say, ‘I’m not going home.’ He’d say, ‘When I’m going home. When I go home.’

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13. Lyndon B. Johnson’s “Bitch of a War”: An Antiwar Essay

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pp. 269-282

More than 500,000 Texans served in the military during the 1960s and 1970s. Approximately 25,000 of them saw action in the Vietnam War. Of that number, 3,415 did not leave Vietnam alive. The United States collectively lost 58,159 men. About 30,000 of those died while Pres. Lyndon B. Johnson...

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14. Black Paradox in the Age of Terrorism: Military Patriotism or Higher Education?

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pp. 283-300

In his seminal treatise on blacks in the United States, W. E. B. Du Bois pondered a question that still confounds this country and particularly the black community. He asked if blacks could be accepted as Americans while still maintaining the culture and identity of Africa. Du Bois argued that such “twoness” would present a...

Contributors

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pp. 301-304

Index

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pp. 305-323

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9781603441247
E-ISBN-10: 1603441247
Print-ISBN-13: 9781603445832
Print-ISBN-10: 1603445838

Page Count: 384
Illustrations: 29 b&w photos. 5 line drawings. 5 maps. 13 charts. Index.
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: Centennial Series of the Association of Former Students, Texas A&M University