From Jesus to the New Testament
Early Christian Theology and the Origin of the New Testament Canon
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Baylor University Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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The new series Baylor–Mohr Siebeck Studies in Early Christianity aims to facilitate increased dialogue between German and Anglophone scholar-ship by making recent German research available in English translation. In this way, we hope to contribute to the advancement of our common field of study. The target audience for the series is primarily scholars and gradu-...
Preface to the English Edition
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It is a great joy to me that the English translation of my book Von Jesus zum Neuen Testament will inaugurate the new series Baylor–Mohr Siebeck Studies in Early Christianity. The research communication across linguis-tic and confessional borders, which has now been firmly established in New Testament science for many years, thereby receives further confirma-...
Preface to the German Edition [V–VI]
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The studies presented here were written between 2000 and 2006. For their publication together they were all revised and coordinated with one another. Here the focus was especially on emphasizing the overarching perspec-tives that linked the individual contributions together. These studies aim to set important early Christian conceptions in relation to one another in ...
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From Jesus to the New Testament—this signals a development that led, in the first three centuries of the history of Christianity, to the formation of a distinct religious self-understanding. This was bound up with the emer-gence of a specific view of reality and history. With this we have already In recent decades, an intensive discussion has been conducted in the ...
Part IRecollection and Histor yin Early Christianity
1 [9–22]New Testament Sciencebeyond Historicism
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One of the central tasks of New Testament science is to mediate to the respective present a picture of the beginnings of Christianity that is based on the early Christian witnesses. In this way it makes a fundamental con-tribution to Christian theology as a historically grounded science. The intellectual-historical presuppositions upon which it is based have taken ...
2 [23–35]Reflections on the Relationshipbetween Historiography and Hermeneuticsin New Testament Science
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The reflections set forth in the previous chapter on the question of the epis-temological presuppositions of the construction of history will be contin-In the appropriation of the past as history it is also a matter of a com-munity’s identity foundations and ethical convictions of value, which Jür-gen Habermas characterized as “postsecular” in his acceptance speech ...
3 [37–54]Construction of History and the Beginningsof Christianity
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...“As long as something is, it is not what it will have been . . . When that was, about which we now say that it has been, then we did not know that it is. Now we say that it was thus and thus, although when it was Martin Walser’s novel Ein springender Brunnen (A Springing Well) begins with these sentences. They express a central insight into the engagement ...
4 [55–77]History in Light of the Death and Resurrectionof Jesus Christ
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With the concepts “recollection” and “history” the subtitle of this contribu-tion takes up a dynamic specific to the discourse in the human sciences of the last twenty years: when history is spoken about at present, then the key words “recollection” and “memory” also always crop up. In the meantime, the relevant research takes place in a variety of fields. Three examples may ...
5 [81–104]Beginnings of the Jesus Tradition
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In the contributions of the first part, the question of the epistemological presuppositions of the conception of a history of early Christian theol-ogy stood at the center. In chapters 3 and 4, material aspects also came to expression: the interpretation of the activity and fate of Jesus in the Gospel of Mark, the conceptualization of an early Christian history by Luke with ...
6 [105–146]On the Historicity of the Gospels
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With respect to its methodological presuppositions and the approach based upon them, historical Jesus research belongs to the science of history: it analyses the historical materials1 that are available and on this basis draws pictures of the historical person of Jesus. The new orientation in recent years has stressed this character of Jesus research. It has distinguished ...
7 [147–169]The Unity of the Gospel
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In his study “The Emergence of Christology”1 Petr Pokorný comes, in the section on “the oldest faith-witnesses,” to the conclusion that it is “scarcely possible to argue with the different confession-like statements for the exis-tence of different early Christian Christologies that were contradictory. The firmly formed statements differ from one another through their different ...
8 [171–201]The Universalizing of the Law in Galatians
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In connection with the remarks of the previous chapter, the concern in what follows will be with the view that Paul developed in Galatians concerning the Jewish law’s function and area of jurisdiction.1 That this letter—along-side the letter to the community in Rome—represents the most important witness for this central question of Pauline theology is uncontroversial.2 It ...
9 [203–222]Metaphorical Christology in Paul
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Reflections on the Contribution of a Theory-of-Metaphor Approach In the investigation of concepts and ideas that early Christianity used for the interpretation of the person of Jesus, research has occupied itself for a long time and intensively with historical and tradition-historical questions. Thus the relationship between the activity and fate of Jesus on the one hand ...
10 [223–246]Luke as Historiographer
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The following two chapters are devoted to the Acts of the Apostles. With this a third focal point within the writings of the New Testament is brought into view. In part III we will then come back once more to this writing from another perspective, namely the role of Acts in the formation of the The special character of Acts within the early Christian literature lies ...
11 [247–267]Salvation for the Gentiles and Israel
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In his 1983 literature review on Acts, Eckhard Plümacher observed that “not so much the future hope that had become doubtful but above all an uncertainty concerning the continuity with the past . . . represents the occasion of the Lukan work.”1 With this formulation Plümacher points to a turn in Luke scholarship that was emerging ever more clearly in this ...
Part IIIOn the Way to the New Testament
12 [271–295]Jesus and the Canon
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In the previous chapters of this book various paths were considered upon which early Christianity emerged as an independent ancient religious com-munity. It became clear that central components for this development are represented by the presentation of the activity of Jesus in the Gospels, the position that Paul developed of the Christ message directed equally—if ...
13 [297–329]The Acts of the Apostles and the Emergenceof the New Testament Canon
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In the previous chapter we investigated reception paths of the Jesus tra-dition in early Christianity. It became clear that at the beginnings of Christianity a sphere of tradition existed that included sayings of Jesus, catechetical-paraenetic traditions, and Scripture words. This material was handed on as “teaching of the apostles” and combined in the Gospels with ...
14 [331–340]“The Church Has Four Gospels,the Heresy Many”
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At an earlier point it was already pointed out that the New Testament is only one part of the literary production of early Christianity, alongside which stand the writings collected in the “Apostolic Fathers” and the “Apocry-pha.”1 This gives rise to the question of how it came to the selection of pre-cisely these writings to be included in the canon. Recently there has again ...
Part IVWhat Is “Theology of theNew Testament ”?
15 [343–354]Particularity and Inclusivityin Early Christianity
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In the chapters of the preceding part, the question of the emergence of the New Testament was illuminated from various sides. It thereby became clear that the corpus of writings accepted in the church developed in parallel and in close relation to the confession to which early Christianity knew itself to be obligated. The Jesus tradition retained in the four-gospel collection ...
16 [355–377]The Meaning of the Canon for a Theologyof the New Testament
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The last chapter of this book deals with the question of how a theology of the New Testament would have to be conceived under the presupposi-tions of the historical-critical science of the Bible.1 Here the concern will be less with individual aspects—such as the relationship between the his-tory of early Christian religion and theology of the New Testament,2 the ...
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Index of Ancient Sources
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Index of Modern Authors
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Page Count: 431
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Baylor-Mohr Siebeck Studies in Early Christianity