Beyond Segregation: Multiracial And Multiethnic Neighborhoods
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: Temple University Press
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I chose to study neighborhoods because they are the essential place to understand the local processes involved in the maintenance (or demise) of stable racial integration. While numerous studies on residential settlement focus on the impact of economic and demographic conditions and changes on how urban neighborhoods are formed, maintained, and reformulated along...
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This book would not have been possible without the efforts, openness, and patience of many. I would first like to thank all the respondents who gave of their time to share not only the details of their communities, but also their words, ideas, and various understandings of the world. I thank the many people who welcomed me into their homes and...
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As I began this research, ten years ago, a chorus of scholarly and political voices proclaimed the inevitable decline of the city. The cries rang out about the plethora of problems that threatened urban centers. Claims of cities in the midst of crisis and collapse have continued. The consensus, at least among some scholars, is that older cities, beset by a...
1. Racial and Ethnic Segregation and Integration in Urban America
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“Segregation then, segregation tomorrow, and segregation forever,” shouted George Wallace on a chilly Inauguration Day in 1963 in Montgomery, Alabama. While Wallace’s insistent cry was a broad rejection of integration in general, he may as well have been talking about how Americans organize residential space. Even after the Fair Housing...
2. Changing Demographics, Multiethnic and Multiracial Neighborhoods, and Unplanned Diversity
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In 1968, the National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, headed by Illinois Governor Otto Kerner, studied the race riots that had scorched U.S. cities the previous summer and reached a powerful conclusion. “Our nation is moving toward two societies, one black, one white—separate and unequal” (National Advisory Commission on Civil...
3. Uptown, Chicago
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In 1992, I moved to the Wicker Park–East Village neighborhood, a rapidly gentrifying neighborhood that was once largely Puerto Rican and Latino.1 I found a small two-bedroom for four hundred dollars a month and lived there alone till August 1997. Around this time, I switched jobs and returned to school full time. As rents increased and my income decreased, I was quickly...
4. Jackson Heights, New York
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Prior to moving to Jackson Heights I lived in various NY neighborhoods.1 I lived in Brooklyn’s Park Slope from 1980 to ’82, then the Upper West Side (103rd Street and West End Avenue) from 1982 to ’84, and finally Riverside Drive from 1984 to ’86. During most of this time, I worked during the day and went to graduate school at night. I and most people I knew were forced to...
5. San Antonio–Fruitvale, Oakland
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I was familiar with Fruitvale long before moving there.1 It was where the Latino community lived. I had been to Fruitvale several times in my youth. I am from Los Angeles and was involved in the Free Angela Davis campaign, so we came up to Oakland because Angela lived there. The Latinos and African Americans involved in her campaign would meet in her Fruitvale house. I just...
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Discerning residential settlement patterns by race is not an easy process. Research and news accounts on race and housing tend to focus on the problem of segregation and the failure of integration. This focus has been seen as legitimate, given that thirty-five years after the passage of Title VIII of the 1968 Civil Rights Act it is difficult to say that at the residential level we have moved to a more integrated...
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Publication Year: 2005