Language and New Media
Publication Year: 2013
Our everyday lives are increasingly being lived through electronic media, which are changing our interactions and our communications in ways that we are only beginning to understand. In Discourse 2.0: Language and New Media, editors Deborah Tannen and Anna Marie Trester team up with top scholars in the field to shed light on the ways language is being used in, and shaped by, these new media contexts.
Topics explored include: how Web 2.0 can be conceptualized and theorized; the role of English on the worldwide web; how use of social media such as Facebook and texting shape communication with family and friends; electronic discourse and assessment in educational and other settings; multimodality and the "participatory spectacle" in Web 2.0; asynchronicity and turn-taking; ways that we engage with technology including reading on-screen and on paper; and how all of these processes interplay with meaning-making.
Students, professionals, and individuals will discover that Discourse 2.0 offers a rich source of insight into these new forms of discourse that are pervasive in our lives.
Published by: Georgetown University Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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The chapters in this volume are drawn from the nearly two hundred presentations givenand workshops conducted at the 2011 Georgetown University Round Table on Lan-guages and Linguistics (GURT), “Discourse 2.0: Language and New Media.” Giventhe constraints of space inherent in a volume of this sort, it was necessary to rejectmany worthy papers. We are grateful to all those who submitted their papers for con-...
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OUR LIVES NOW, in ways we are only beginning to understand, are lived with andthrough electronic media: We get news on the internet, read books on Kindle, findold friends on Facebook and new loves on OKCupid and Match.com. We networkon LinkedIn, and create, enhance, and share images with Instagram; we “tweet,”“friend,” and “follow”; “post,” “pin” and “like”; and sometimes “#fail.” As we seek...
Chapter 1. Discourse in Web 2.0: Familiar, Reconfigured, and Emergent
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FROM CONTROVERSIAL BEGINNINGS, the term Web 2.0 has become associated with a fairlywell-defined set of popular web-based platforms characterized by social interac-tion and user-generated content. Most of the content on such sites is human discourse,via text, audio, video, and static images. It is therefore, in principle, of theoreticaland practical interest to scholars of computer-mediated discourse. Yet although dis-...
Chapter 2. Polities and Politics of Ongoing Assessments: Evidence from Video-Gaming and Blogging
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But the point is that between what Ryle calls the “thin description” of what therehearser (parodist, winker, twitcher . . .) is doing (“rapidly contracting his righteyelids”) and the “thick description” of what he is doing (“practicing a burlesque of afriend faking a wink to deceive an innocent into thinking a conspiracy is in motion”)lies the object of ethnography: a stratified hierarchy of meaningful structures in terms...
Chapter 3. Participatory Culture and Metalinguistic Discourse: Performing and Negotiating German Dialects on YouTube
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DRAWING ON DISCOURSE THEORY, sociolinguistics and social semiotics, this chapter uses thenotion of discourse as social practice for the study of metalinguistic discourse on-line. Based on two years of ethnographic observation and a mixed-methods approach,it explores the representation of German dialects on YouTube, thereby examining themultimodal performance of dialect in videos and the negotiation of these perform-...
Chapter 4. “My English Is So Poor . . . So I Take Photos”: Metalinguistic Discourses about English on Flickr
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FLICKR (www.flickr.com) is a photosharing site that allows people to upload, display, and share photos. Although photographs are often perceived to be the central element of Flickr, members of Flickr also interact in various writing spaces; they provide titles, captions, and tags (or keywords) for their photos as well as comment on one another’s photos. These writing spaces form a cross-modal cohesive tie between the...
Chapter 5. “Their Lives Are So Much Better Than Ours!” The Ritual (Re)construction of Social Identity in Holiday Cards
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TWO YEARS AGO I received one of those professionally printed holiday photo cards fromsome close friends who had recently moved to France. It was a particularly nice one.It was printed on heavy cardstock and opened up like a card you might buy at thestore—except that it had their own pictures on it. On the front were two photos oftheir family of four, accompanied by the words “Joyeux Noel” and an elegant design....
Chapter 6. The Medium Is the Metamessage: Conversational Style in New Media Interaction
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IN 1981 I ORGANIZED the Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Lin-guistics “Analyzing Discourse: Text and Talk.” In my introduction to that volume (Tan-nen 1982a, ix) I explain that I regard “text” and “talk” not as two separateentities—text as written language and talk as spoken—but rather as “overlapping as-pects of a single entity”: discourse. I suggested, moreover, that the word “discourse”...
Chapter 7. Bringing Mobiles into the Conversation: Applying a Conversation Analytic Approach to the Study of Mobiles in Co-present Interaction
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Applying a Conversation Analytic Approach to the Study of Mobiles in IN FOCUSING ON THE MUNDANE conduct of everyday life, Erving Goffman’s work drew at-tention to the fundamental practices that define mutual co-presence. Now, in the so-called digital age, we increasingly find ourselves having to reconcile new forms ofcommunication with Goffman’s chief domain of face-to-face interaction. Although...
Chapter 8. Facework on Facebook: Conversations on Social Media
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AS ERVING GOFFMAN TELLS US, there is no such thing as faceless communication. This ob-servation—no less true in the world of social media than it is in the world of so-called face-to-face interaction—is palpably present in Facebook. Face, in this sense,is the part of us that both requires and is vulnerable in social interaction. On Face-book, social interaction takes place when members provide other members with...
Chapter 9. Mock Performatives in Online Discussion Boards: Toward a Discourse-Pragmatic Model of Computer-Mediated Communication
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Toward a Discourse-Pragmatic Model of Computer-Mediated CommunicationPERFORMATIVES (Austin 1962) have received little attention in online environments. Yet theformal performative marker “hereby” appears on personal websites, discussion boards,and, to some extent, blogs—in contexts of informal computer-mediated communica-tion (CMC). This chapter accounts for the motivations and communicative success of...
Chapter 10. Re- and Pre-authoring Experiences in Email Supervision: Creating and Revising Professional Meanings in an Asynchronous Medium
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Creating and Revising Professional Meanings in an Asynchronous MediumTHIS ANALYSIS RESULTS from a collaborative, interdisciplinary research project undertakenby a communication scholar (Gordon) and a scholar in counselor education (Luke)to investigate the discourse of email supervisory communication in the context of stu-dent internships required as part of counselor education and training. Master’s-level...
Chapter 11. Blogs: A Medium for Intellectual Engagement with Course Readings and Participants
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A Medium for Intellectual Engagement with Course Readings and ParticipantsIN THE AGE OF WEB 2.0 TECHNOLOGIES and computer-mediated communication (CMC) thatgive access to a sea of information and offer various opportunities for responding andco-constructing it in chats, online forums, wikis, or blogs, a gruff traditional human-ities professor questions skeptically whether blogs used in educational settings are...
Chapter 12. Reading in Print or Onscreen: Better, Worse, or About the Same?
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THE YEAR WAS 1968. The United States was finally gaining traction in the space raceagainst the Soviet Union. In December, NASA launched the Apollo 8 mission thatcircled the moon. For the first time it was possible to see our planet from beyond alow-earth orbit. Photographs taken on that mission profoundly altered millions ofpeople’s perceptions in ways unrelated to astronomy. The Soviet Union was no longer...
Chapter 13. Fakebook: Synthetic Media, Pseudo-sociality, and the Rhetorics of Web 2.0
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Social media applies contradictory, yet intertwined ideals of counterculture andcapitalism to the self, friends, relationships, and interpersonal interactions. People can spread ideas and creations to a formerly inconceivable mass audience, but inways bounded and influenced by the confines of modern neoliberal capitalism.“THE DIGITAL MEDIA REVOLUTION is here. Are you?”1 This bold challenge (or threat) is lifted...
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Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 2 color photos, 7 b&w illus., 42 figures, 10 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics series