Spanish as a Heritage Language in the United States, Research and Practice
Publication Year: 2003
An increasing number of U.S. Latinos are seeking to become more proficient in Spanish. The Spanish they may have been exposed to in childhood may not be sufficient when they find themselves as adults in more demanding environments, academic or professional. Heritage language learners appear in a wide spectrum of proficiency, from those who have a low level of speaking abilities, to those who may have a higher degree of bilingualism, but not fluent. Whatever the individual case may be, these heritage speakers of Spanish have different linguistic and pedagogical needs than those students learning Spanish as a second or foreign language.
The members of the American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese (AATSP) have identified teaching heritage learners as their second greatest area of concern (after proficiency testing). Editors Ana Roca and Cecilia Colombi saw a great need for greater availability and dissemination of scholarly research in applied linguistics and pedagogy that address the development and maintenance of Spanish as a heritage language and the teaching of Spanish to U.S. Hispanic bilingual students in grades K-16. The result is Mi lengua: Spanish as a Heritage Language in the United States.
Mi lengua delves into the research, theory, and practice of teaching Spanish as a heritage language in the United States. The editors and contributors examine theoretical considerations in the field of Heritage Language Development (HLD) as well as community and classroom-based research studies at the elementary, secondary, and university levels. Some chapters are written in Spanish and each chapter presents a practical section on pedagogical implications that provides practice-related suggestions for the teaching of Spanish as a heritage language to students from elementary grades to secondary and college and university levels.
Published by: Georgetown University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Table of Contents
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For those of us concerned about the use and teaching of non-English lan guages in the United States, these are times of many contradictions. We are living in a moment when antibilingual education efforts have spread from California to Arizona to Colorado and more recently to Massachusetts. Teaching the mother tongue to young immigrant children, especially in ...
Chapter 1: Insights from Research and Practice in Spanish as a Heritage Language
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M i lengua: Spanish as a Heritage Language in the United States ad dresses the issues and challenges of developing and maintaining Span ish as a heritage language in the United States. Our book brings together work that addresses theoretical considerations in the field of Heritage Lan guage Development (HLD), as well as community and classroom-based research studies at the elementary, secondary, and university level. Each ...
Part 1: Spanish as a Heritage Language: Theoretical Considerations
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Chapter 2: Toward a Theory of Heritage Language Acquisition
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The sociolinguistic realities of English and Spanish, at the national and world levels, have evolved in fundamental ways since the 1960s. Tradi tional theoretical models of language variation, bilingualism, and language shift in the U.S. must be reconceptualized within the poSt-2000 context, and Spanish language educators must respond to the contemporary demands of their profession. In this essay, I give thought to the theoretical principles of ...
Chapter 3: Profiles of SNS Students in the Twenty-first Century
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Marketing surveys, socioeconomic studies of U.S. Hispanics, and census data provide a basis for making a number of projections regarding the composition of future heritage language students of Spanish. Specifically, they suggest that the number of students with intermediate to low levels of fluency in informal varieties of spoken Spanish will likely increase in the coming decades, and that those with higher levels of Spanish language pro ...
Chapter 4: Un enfoque funcional para la enseñanza del ensayo expositivo
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En el sistema educacional actual, las clases multiculturales son la norma en los Estados Unidos. Gran parte de la diversidad en nuestras escuelas es lingtifstica y esta directamente relacionada con los desaffos que implica de sarrollar una alfabetizaci6n academica. Desafartunadamente en las escuelas existen pocas posibilidades de desarrollar un lenguaje academico en otras ...
Chapter 5: La enseñanza del español en Nuevo México
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A principios del siglo XX, el espanol dej6 de ser el medio de instrucci6n en las escuelas publicas de Nuevo Mexico, siendo reemplazado por el ingles segun una estipulaci6n de la Constituci6n de 1911 (Meyer 1977; Milk 1980; Hernan dez Chavez 1994a, 1995). Como consecuencia de esta polftica, el estudio lin gOfstico formal de los hispanos neomexicanos, asf como el de los mexicanos ...
Part 2: Community and Classroom-based Research Studies: Implications for Instruction K-16
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Chapter 6: "Spanish in My Blood"
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...-Gabriel is a ten-year-old heritage language learner in a dual-language immersion program. He has grown up in the Southwest, in a bilingual community where he constantly hears both English and Spanish used in many different contexts. Learning or preserving one's heritage In this chapter, we present a view of heritage language learning in dual language immersion elementary school settings. This is part of a larger ...
Chapter 7: Minority Perspectives on Language
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Over the past years, increasing attention has been devoted to educational programs and practices that serve linguistic and cultural minority students. Recent treatments such as those of Ladson-Billings (1994), Haberman (1995), and Olsen (1997) have yielded a consistent profile: successful teach · a strong belief in students' ability to learn and high expectations for ...
Chapter 8: META
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META is a holistic model for the acquisition of languages (Carrasco and Riegelhaupt 1992), and it is at once a research design, a curriculum, and a pedagogy. It is particularly useful for the continued acquisition of Spanish by heritage learners. While META was first developed and tested in language and culture immersion contexts in Mexico (Carrasco and Riegelhaupt 1994; ...
Chapter 9: La enseñanza del español a los hispanohablantes bilingües y su efecto en la producción oral
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Durante las ultimas decadas, numerosos estudios sociolingtifsticos se han enfocado en la situaci6n de contacto entre el espanol y el ingles en los Estados Unidos. En muchos casas, los resultados de las investigaciones se ob tuvieron a partir del amllisis de la covariaci6n de varios factores sociales y lin gtifsticos. Sin embargo, teniendo en cuenta el considerable aumento en el numero de cursos de espanol para hispanohablantes, y el hecho de que para ...
Chapter 10: Academic Registers in Spanish in the U.S.
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The relationship between the social contexts where language is used and the language produced in these contexts can help us understand how dis cursive communities are constructed. Gee (1996) and Street (1999) argue that in order to become a member of the academic discourse community, individuals need to learn something more than the language appropriate for academic situations. They have to become practicing members of the ...
Chapter 11: ¡No me suena!
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..."iAy' Pero es que no me suena." Chances are that every teacher who has worked with heritage Spanish students has heard this refrain as stu dents attempt to transfer to paper the thoughts they hold in their head only to find that it just doesn't sound "right." We know that although heritage lan guage learners present a wide range of knowledge of and competencies in ...
Chapter 12: Navegando a través del registro formal
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En este ensayo quiero compartir con ellectar los resultados obtenidos en un curso piloto de espanol para hispanohablantes bilingiies. Este curso fue disenado para estudiantes subgraduados a un nivel intermedio avanzado, cuarto semestre de espanol y ultimo prerrequisito de lengua para ser acep tado en la especialidad. Los estudiantes fueron ubicados par medio del exa ...
Chapter 13: Spanish Print Environments
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This essay examines the Spanish print environments in predominantly La tino neighborhoods in two different cities: one located in Southern Califor nia and one in the Midwest. The purpose of the study is to "print map" the general print environments in the respective communities, investigating the range of reading materials available in Spanish. More specifically, it exam ...
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Page Count: 320
Publication Year: 2003